German Unification And Art

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German Unification And Art

  1. 1. AND NOW FOR MORE NOTES!!!! Help! Help! We are being Oppressed!
  2. 2. German Unification <ul><li>Loose confederation forms in 1815 with Prussia and Austro-Hungarian Empire as the dominant states </li></ul><ul><li>  Prussia in a better position to lead       </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All Germans so nationalism unite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stronger army </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. German Unification <ul><li>Revolt in 1848 forces a liberal constitution in Prussia </li></ul><ul><li>Wilhelm I strong-minded and looking to reform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drew from conservative Junker base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to reform and double the army Parliament would not fund </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. German Unification <ul><li>Otto von Bismarck </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative chosen as Prime Minister </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Master of Realpolitick </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Politics of reality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tough power politics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No idealism </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. German Unification <ul><li>Could not persuade parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Declared he would rule without the consent of parliament and without a legal budget </li></ul><ul><li>Aligned with Austria to attack Denmark for Schleswig and Holstein </li></ul><ul><li>Quick victory increases Prussian nationalism </li></ul>
  6. 6. German Unification <ul><li>Prussia controls Schleswig and Austria Holstein </li></ul><ul><li>Hoping this will lead to turmoil he can use Border conflicts with Austria between Schleswig and Holstein </li></ul><ul><li>Austria declares war on Prussia in 1866 </li></ul><ul><li>Seven Weeks’ war </li></ul><ul><li>Prussia Annexes more territory </li></ul><ul><li>Eastern and Western Prussia united for first time </li></ul>
  7. 7. German Unification <ul><li>Control Northern Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Germany resists rule by Prussia </li></ul><ul><li>South predominately Catholic and Prussia Protestant </li></ul><ul><li>Outside threat would allow Bismarck to gain control </li></ul>
  8. 8. German Unification <ul><li>War with France </li></ul><ul><li>Manufactures an insulting telegram </li></ul><ul><li>France declares war on Prussia </li></ul><ul><li>Takes Napoleon III prisoner 1871 </li></ul><ul><li>Wilhelm I crowned Kaiser (Emperor) and the Second Reich begins </li></ul>
  9. 9. Art Evolution <ul><li>Baroque or not? </li></ul><ul><li>The Crowning with Thorns 1602-03 Oil on canvas,178 x 125cm Cassa di Risparmi, Prato </li></ul>
  10. 10. Baroque or Not
  11. 11. Romanticism <ul><li>Nature </li></ul><ul><li>Thoughts and Feelings of individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Mysterious or supernatural </li></ul><ul><li>Glorified heroes </li></ul><ul><li>Idealized the past </li></ul><ul><li>Promoted radical change </li></ul>
  12. 12. Realism <ul><li>Straightforward </li></ul><ul><li>True to the subject </li></ul><ul><li>Life-like </li></ul><ul><li>Captures the moment </li></ul><ul><li>Increased political importance of the working class </li></ul>
  13. 13. Impressionism <ul><li>Light, spontaneous way of painting </li></ul><ul><li>Began in France </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction to realism </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Industrial Revolution <ul><li>In small groups read pgs 253-257 and answer the following questions </li></ul><ul><li>What were enclosures? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the most important new agricultural technique? How did it work? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in England? What were the advantages G.B. had? </li></ul><ul><li>List and describe the major inventions in textiles and transportation </li></ul><ul><li>How will these new inventions change the way of life for the people of Britain? </li></ul>

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