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Conflict within religion


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Conflict within religion

  1. 1. Conflict within Religion Martin Luther and the Catholic Church
  2. 2. History Definition <ul><li>History: Past events that account for the way that society functions and communicates today and knowledge that helps us make better choices for the future. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Papacy <ul><li>1500 papacy gaining influence and power but also suffering from corruption and dissent </li></ul><ul><li>Tax money allows great building projects in Rome </li></ul><ul><li>St. Peters Basilica </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leo X (1513-1521) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medici Family of Florence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authorizes indulgences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A forgiveness of punishment due for past sins, granted by church authorities as a reward for a pious act such as making a pilgrimage, saying a particular prayer, or making a donation to a religious cause </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Martin Luther <ul><li>Objected to indulgences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tetzel told people the indulgences released them from punishment for confessed sins and bought souls out of purgatory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wrote a letter expressing his issues to the Pope </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seen as a challenge to Papal authority </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Escalates and Luther officially condemned and excommunicated by the Pope </li></ul>
  5. 5. 95 Theses <ul><li>“Out of love for the truth and the desire to bring it to light, the following propositions will be discussed at Wittenberg, under the presidency of the Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and of Sacred Theology, and Lecturer in Ordinary on the same at that place. Wherefore he requests that those who are unable to be present and debate orally with us, may do so by letter.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Religious Causes of the Reformation <ul><li>Kings gaining more power with time </li></ul><ul><li>Babylonian Captivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1309 Papacy moved to Avignon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power move by the French to gain clout </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1378 Papacy moved back to Rome </li></ul><ul><li>French Cardinals elect a second pope (antipope) </li></ul><ul><li>Third Pope added to the mix in 1409 in Pisa, Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Widespread corruption and abuse of power </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cultural Cause of the Reformation <ul><li>Renaissance !!!! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Political and Economic Causes of the Reformation <ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weakness of the Holy Roman Emperor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Claimed to be the secular leader of the church but never really had control </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France, England, and Spain Kings growing stronger </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rise of cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lords lose power as trading increases </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Protestant Reformation <ul><li>Turn to pg 71 in the Human Record </li></ul><ul><li>Independently read Protestant Revolt and Catholic Response </li></ul><ul><li>Answer the following questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is a lay person? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why did the gap between the clergy and the laity decrease because of Protestantism? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What group of people benefited from the Reformation and How? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Read Martin Luther , Table Talk </li></ul><ul><li>Answer the Questions for Analysis on pg 73 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Protestant Revolt <ul><li>What is a lay person? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the gap between the clergy and the laity decrease because of Protestantism? </li></ul><ul><li>What group of people benefited from the Reformation and How? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Table Talk <ul><li>According to Luther, what role should the Bible play in a Christian’s life? How in his view does the Roman Catholic Church obscure the meaning and message of the Bible? </li></ul><ul><li>What does Luther Mean by “good works” Why does he believe that the Roman Church distorts the role of good works in a Christian’s life? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Table Talk <ul><li>What role does faith play in a Christian’s life, according to Luther? Why is faith superior to external acts of devotion? </li></ul><ul><li>What criticisms does Luther offer the papacy and other high officials of the Catholic Church? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Table Talk <ul><li>How does Luther view marriage, in particular a women’s role in marriage? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does Luther single out monks and members of religious orders for special criticism? What are their shortcomings? </li></ul>
  14. 14. John Calvin <ul><li>The Institutes of the Christian Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Agreed with Luther that could not gain salvation through good works </li></ul><ul><li>Believed salvation was the gift of God and therefore was predetermined </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Predestination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Simplicity in life and dress </li></ul><ul><li>Congregations elected their own governing committees </li></ul>
  15. 15. Motives Behind Change <ul><li>Do you believe people’s enthusiasm for Protestantism was based solely on religion? If so, what was so attractive about Protestantism. If not, what were the other motivating factors to join a Protestant group? </li></ul>