Colonists And Manifest Destiny 1


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Colonists And Manifest Destiny 1

  1. 1. Colonists and Manifest Destiny
  2. 2. Reading Activity <ul><li>Independently read section 10.2 and answer the reading questions. </li></ul><ul><li>You will have approximately 20 min to complete. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Reading Questions <ul><li>Who were the original people that lived in Canada? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Native Americans: Algonquin, Huron, Cree, Blackfoot, Inuit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>After which war did Great Britain take Canada from France? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>French and Indian War </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Reading Questions <ul><li>What were some of the differences between French and English colonists? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>French lived with Natives, English lived separate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion: France Catholic, English Protestant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How did Great Britain try and solve the conflict? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created two new provinces : Upper Canada for the English-Speaking and Lower Canada for French-speaking </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Reading Questions <ul><li>What were the conditions that caused England to send Lord Durham? What lesson from history had Britain learned? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Royal Governor and Wealthy Brits hold power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle class demand more say in government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>French resent English rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebellions break out in both Upper and Lower Canada </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Reading Questions <ul><li>What were the two major reforms proposed by the Durham report? Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reunite Upper and Lower Canada </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British immigration should be encouraged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>French would become part of a dominant British culture </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Reading Questions <ul><li>What were some of the impacts MacDonald’s policies had on Canada? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Westward Expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transcontinental Railroad </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who were the original inhabitants of New Zealand and Australia? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maoris – New Zealand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aborigines- Australia </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Reading Questions <ul><li>What is a penal colony? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Place where convicts are sent to serve their sentence as an alternative to jail time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British convicts sent to Australia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What became the cash crop of Australia? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wool </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Reading Questions <ul><li>Why was settlement of New Zealand slower than that in Australia? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain recognized the property rights of the Maoris </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What was the first country in the world to give the vote to women (white European women at least)? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Zealand </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Reading Questions <ul><li>What is the Australian Ballot? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secret ballot </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who granted England control of Ireland? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pope Hadrian IV (who was English himself) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What was one major conflict between Ireland and the settling English? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Reading Questions <ul><li>What effects did the potato blight have in Ireland? The United States? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emigration out of the country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population decline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Us experienced large influx of immigrants that led to cultural clashes and xenophobia </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Reading Questions <ul><li>What type of rule was preferred by most Irish? Why did England refuse to grant this type of rule? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Home rule: stay under British Kingdom but have independent government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feared for the minority of protestants in the country </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Reading Questions <ul><li>What was the British solution to the violence in Ireland? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Split the country into Northern and Southern Ireland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern remained part of Britain and Southern had home rule </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. War with Mexico <ul><li>Manifest Destiny </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Belief that the US has the right and duty to rule North America from Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to justify a wide variety of transgressions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indian Removal Act of 1830 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal Government could force Native Americans off land to make room for settlers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led to the Trail of Tears </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Trail of Tears
  17. 17. War with Mexico <ul><li>Mexico wins independence from Spain in 1821 and possesses all the land west and south of the Louisiana Purchase </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico accepts our settlers moving into their lands </li></ul>
  18. 18. War with Mexico <ul><li>Many American Settlers in Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Texas revolts from Mexico in 1836 and gains its independence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolt led by Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>United States annexes Texas in 1845 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico sees this as an act of aggression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US basically stole their land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Argue over the border between Texas and Mexico </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. War with Mexico <ul><li>Continue the boarder dispute and US draws Mexico into a war </li></ul><ul><li>US captures Mexico city and forces a surrender </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican Cession </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US forces Mexico to cede California and other Southwest territory as part of the agreement </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Gadsan Purchase <ul><li>Purchased the bottom portion of New Mexico from Mexico in 1853 </li></ul>
  21. 22. Inventions <ul><li>List the top ten inventions (1 being the most important and 10 being the least) of the 19 th and 20 th centuries </li></ul>
  22. 23. Inventors <ul><li>Edison </li></ul><ul><li>Bell </li></ul><ul><li>Marconi </li></ul><ul><li>Ford </li></ul><ul><li>Wright Brothers </li></ul>
  23. 24. Mass Culture <ul><li>Causes of Mass Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public education increased literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass duplication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weekend </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Music hall </li></ul><ul><li>Movies </li></ul><ul><li>sports </li></ul>
  24. 25. Scientific Developments <ul><li>Germ Theory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Louis Pasteur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Realized that germs were causing the fermentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Called Bacteria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learned that heat killed bacteria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led to Pasteurization process </li></ul></ul>
  25. 26. Scientific Developments <ul><li>Cleanliness linked to spread of disese </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lister’s clean operating rooms save live s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cities increase sanitation to fight infectious disease </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vaccines and cures for diseases </li></ul>
  26. 27. Scientific Developments <ul><li>Darwin’s theory of Evolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural Selection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We are related to chimps? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Book is still banned in some places </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stolen from libraries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Darwinism and Racism </li></ul></ul>