5. Japanese Reunification And The Rise And Fall Of


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5. Japanese Reunification And The Rise And Fall Of

  1. 1. Japanese Reunification and the Rise and Fall of Chinese Dynasties
  2. 2. Your Mission if you choose to accept: (Well actually you have to accept so tough) <ul><li>You and your group will be responsible for creating a presentation on your assigned section </li></ul><ul><li>Your presentation MUST include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A brief statement (i.e. one sentence) that summarizes the material and connects it to a broader theme (culture, religion, revolution etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A list of the important terms and people required to properly understand the section </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You will be responsible for presenting this material to the class. Your presentation should not be more than 10 minutes in length. </li></ul><ul><li>All students will take a True/False quiz on the information presented on Thursday!! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Groups <ul><li>Group 1Civil War and Hideyoshi Biography </li></ul><ul><li>Group 2 Tokugawa and Tokugawa Ieyasu </li></ul><ul><li>Group 3 Japan and Europe (Comparison timeline) Elite and Decline </li></ul><ul><li>Group 4 Ming Empire and East Asian Porcelain </li></ul><ul><li>Group 5 Ming Collapse and Muchara </li></ul>
  4. 4. Japanese Positions <ul><li>Emperor </li></ul><ul><li>Shogun </li></ul><ul><li>Daimyo </li></ul><ul><li>Samurai </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hideyoshi <ul><li>Most successful of the warlords in the late 1500’s </li></ul><ul><li>Invaded mainland Asia with the goal of becoming Emperor of China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Korea would not allow him to pass through </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why was Korea more likely to take the Chinese side in this conflict? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Invasion of Korea briefly successful but Japanese military leaders leave after Hideyoshi’s death </li></ul>
  6. 6. Effects of Hideyoshi <ul><li>Korean Yangban take more tax-paying land </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decreases the income of the royal family by as much as 2/3 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>China weakened from fighting in Manchuria </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opens the door for the Manchu </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Tokugawa Shogunate <ul><li>Take administrative control of the country after the death of Hideyoshi </li></ul><ul><li>Economic integration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Daimyo required to visit Edo frequently </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rice as a form of currency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Speculation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edo one of the largest cities in the world </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Merchants gain power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Samurai become accustomed to the finer things in life and lose some of their status </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Interaction with Europe <ul><li>Firearms </li></ul><ul><li>Little commercial interaction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Closely regulated by the government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Catholic missionaries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesuits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1614 accusation of sedition leads to era of persecution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete eradication of the religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government office dedicated to preventing the reestablishment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of European trade “the price to pay” for being rid of Christian influence </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Destabilizing Forces in Japan <ul><li>Rapid population growth </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid Economic growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inability to stabilize rice prices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic woes of the Samurai </li></ul><ul><li>“ Forty-Seven Ronin” incident </li></ul>
  10. 11. The Ming Empire <ul><li>Assembly-line production </li></ul><ul><li>Urban centers of cultural and commercial development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Merit based system of government revolving around Confucian teachings </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Collapse of the Ming <ul><li>Little Ice Age </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid Urban Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inefficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Labor uprisings and strikes </li></ul>
  12. 13. Collapse of the Ming <ul><li>Insecure boarders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fighting with the Mongols of the north and west </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mongols united under the Dalai Lama and present a unified invasion force </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manchus called in to help expel the Japanese…. And stay </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manchu start the Qing dynasty </li></ul></ul>