Professor Jeff McKendricks Human Biology Lecture on Taxonomy, Homologies, Evolutionary Systemics, Cladistics, and Brains
Species <ul><li>The term  species  has its origins in the ancient Latin language. In this language, the word species means...
Binomial nomenclature <ul><li>Linnaeus  suggested that every organism should be classified with a unique binomial name. </...
New order <ul><li>Modern classification systems are much more complicated having many levels of hierarchical organization ...
Taxonomy <ul><li>Kingdom  metazoa/animall </li></ul><ul><li>  Subkingdom   </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum  chordata/spinal chord...
Flying reptiles to bats to birds http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/precursors/precurscommdesc.html
Horse human whale crocodile bird hoopermuseum.earthsci.carleton.ca/classificat...
Analogies or homologies? www.cbu.edu/~seisen/Darwin.htm
Analogy/Homoplasy/convergent
Cladistics evolution.berkeley.edu/.../_0_0/similarity_hs_09   Derived/modified
Clade shows close ties scienceblogs.com/.../05/the_platypus_genome.php
Is this less clear?
or more clear? www.ecotao.com/holism/glosoz.htm
Evolutionary Systematics colab.cim3.net/.../Data_Context_Section
Mid range cranial capacity addingup.org/.../18/human-brain-size-evolution/
Brain case primatology.net/.../
Brain model blog.thirdeyehealth.com/.../ Reptilian Limbic Cerebral cortex-frontal/parietal /occipital
www.drpribut.com/blog/index.php/tag/biochemistry/
brainandlearning.blogspot.com/2008_04_01_arch...
Homology or analogy? Phylogeny or clade? www.colorado.edu/.../Class/IPHY3730/05cns.html
Complex Brain  library.thinkquest.org/18299/function.htm
Phylogeny of the brain dbm.neuro.uni-jena.de/.../
Which brings us too www.nature.com/.../fig_tab/nature01400_F1.html
But we start here… Chpt 6
Assignment 11 and 12 <ul><li>11  </li></ul><ul><li>What are the mechanisms of evolution </li></ul><ul><li>12 </li></ul><ul...
References Robert Jurmain, Lynn Kilgore, Wenda Trevathan. “Macroevolution: Processes  of  Vertebrate and Mammalian Evoluti...
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Human Biology Lecture On Taxonomy Homologies Evolutionary Systemics Cladistics And Brains

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An Overview of Evolutionary Processes: Macroevolution, Vertabrate, and Mammalian.
Follows:
Robert Jurmain, Lynn Kilgore, Wenda Trevathan. “Macroevolution: Processes of Vertebrate and Mammalian Evolution. “ Essentials of Physical Anthropology (7th edition). Belmont: Wadsworth, 2009

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Human Biology Lecture On Taxonomy Homologies Evolutionary Systemics Cladistics And Brains

  1. 1. Professor Jeff McKendricks Human Biology Lecture on Taxonomy, Homologies, Evolutionary Systemics, Cladistics, and Brains
  2. 2. Species <ul><li>The term species has its origins in the ancient Latin language. In this language, the word species means kind. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Binomial nomenclature <ul><li>Linnaeus suggested that every organism should be classified with a unique binomial name. </li></ul><ul><li>Genus.species </li></ul><ul><li>Carolus Linnaeus Systema Naturae 1758 </li></ul>
  4. 4. New order <ul><li>Modern classification systems are much more complicated having many levels of hierarchical organization </li></ul><ul><li>Taxonomy (physical) </li></ul><ul><li>Phylogeny (genes) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Taxonomy <ul><li>Kingdom  metazoa/animall </li></ul><ul><li>  Subkingdom   </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum chordata/spinal chord </li></ul><ul><li>  Subphylum  vertebrata spinal column </li></ul><ul><li>Class  mammalia/mammals </li></ul><ul><li>  Subclass  eutheria/placential </li></ul><ul><li>  Order  Primates   </li></ul><ul><li>suborder anthropodae/all monkeys apes, humans </li></ul><ul><li>infraorder Catarhini/old world monkeys ,apes, humans </li></ul><ul><li>Superfamily Hominodea/apes and humans </li></ul><ul><li>Family Hominidae/ Human </li></ul><ul><li>subfamily </li></ul><ul><li>Genus  Homo bipedal/same as </li></ul><ul><li>  Specie sapiens sapiens wise man </li></ul>
  6. 6. Flying reptiles to bats to birds http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/precursors/precurscommdesc.html
  7. 7. Horse human whale crocodile bird hoopermuseum.earthsci.carleton.ca/classificat...
  8. 8. Analogies or homologies? www.cbu.edu/~seisen/Darwin.htm
  9. 9. Analogy/Homoplasy/convergent
  10. 10. Cladistics evolution.berkeley.edu/.../_0_0/similarity_hs_09 Derived/modified
  11. 11. Clade shows close ties scienceblogs.com/.../05/the_platypus_genome.php
  12. 12. Is this less clear?
  13. 13. or more clear? www.ecotao.com/holism/glosoz.htm
  14. 14. Evolutionary Systematics colab.cim3.net/.../Data_Context_Section
  15. 15. Mid range cranial capacity addingup.org/.../18/human-brain-size-evolution/
  16. 16. Brain case primatology.net/.../
  17. 17. Brain model blog.thirdeyehealth.com/.../ Reptilian Limbic Cerebral cortex-frontal/parietal /occipital
  18. 18. www.drpribut.com/blog/index.php/tag/biochemistry/
  19. 19. brainandlearning.blogspot.com/2008_04_01_arch...
  20. 20. Homology or analogy? Phylogeny or clade? www.colorado.edu/.../Class/IPHY3730/05cns.html
  21. 21. Complex Brain library.thinkquest.org/18299/function.htm
  22. 22. Phylogeny of the brain dbm.neuro.uni-jena.de/.../
  23. 23. Which brings us too www.nature.com/.../fig_tab/nature01400_F1.html
  24. 24. But we start here… Chpt 6
  25. 25. Assignment 11 and 12 <ul><li>11 </li></ul><ul><li>What are the mechanisms of evolution </li></ul><ul><li>12 </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the evidence of one species for macroevolution. </li></ul>
  26. 26. References Robert Jurmain, Lynn Kilgore, Wenda Trevathan. “Macroevolution: Processes of Vertebrate and Mammalian Evolution. “ Essentials of Physical Anthropology (7 th edition). Belmont: Wadsworth, 2009 Understanding Evolution. University of California. Access date Nov. 22, 2008 Not All Similarity is Homology. http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/_0_0/similarity_hs_ 06 Talking Origins. Mammalian Forelimb Homologies. Access date Nov 22, 2008. http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/anatomy.html Physical Geography. Introduction to the Biosphere   (b). Biological Classification of Organisms. Access date Nov 22, 2008 http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/9b.html

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