Mechanical & pumping1

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Mechanical & pumping1

  1. 1. Mechanical & Plumping Jim McElligott
  2. 2. Plumbing <ul><li>Modern System </li></ul><ul><li>Sanitary Drainage System </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>Drain, Waste and Vent System </li></ul><ul><li>DWV </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>District System </li></ul><ul><li>On-site sewage treatment or septic system </li></ul>
  3. 3. Plumbing <ul><li>Water Supply </li></ul><ul><li>Surface – Rivers, Lakes </li></ul><ul><li>Groundwater </li></ul><ul><li>Impurities in Water </li></ul><ul><li>Surface water </li></ul><ul><li>Dissolved chemical </li></ul><ul><li>Organic matter – algae, fungi, bacteria, vegetable matter, animal decay & waste, human waste, fertilizers, sewage </li></ul><ul><li>Groundwater </li></ul><ul><li>Dissolved chemical </li></ul><ul><li>Contamination from above </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking Water Standard –National Primary Drining Water Regulations </li></ul>
  4. 4. Plumbing <ul><li>Water Supply Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>Private -Well Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shallow </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deep </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Water Towers and Storage Tanks </li></ul>
  5. 5. Plumbing <ul><li>Piping Material </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type K </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type L </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type M </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DWV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steel Iron </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thermplastic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polybutylene (PB) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polyethylene (PE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride (CPVC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Styrene Rubber (SR) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polypropylene (PP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Composite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clay & Concrete </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Plumbing <ul><li>Fitting & Valves </li></ul><ul><li>Elbows </li></ul><ul><li>Tees </li></ul><ul><li>Coupling </li></ul><ul><li>Adapter </li></ul><ul><li>Valve </li></ul><ul><li>Gate </li></ul><ul><li>Globe </li></ul><ul><li>Angle </li></ul><ul><li>Check </li></ul><ul><li>Ball </li></ul><ul><li>Metered </li></ul><ul><li>Flow Control </li></ul><ul><li>Thermostatic </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature-Pressure Relief </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure Reducing </li></ul><ul><li>Hose Bibb </li></ul>
  7. 7. Plumbing <ul><li>Fixtures </li></ul><ul><li>Water Closets </li></ul><ul><li>Urinal </li></ul><ul><li>Bidets </li></ul><ul><li>Bathtubs </li></ul><ul><li>Shower </li></ul><ul><li>Lavatories </li></ul><ul><li>Sinks </li></ul><ul><li>Laundry Tubs and Trays </li></ul><ul><li>Drinks Fountains & Water Cooler </li></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul><ul><li>Eye-Face washes </li></ul><ul><li>Drench shower </li></ul><ul><li>Decontamination units </li></ul>
  8. 8. Plumbing <ul><li>Codes & Standards </li></ul><ul><li>BOCA National Plumbing Code </li></ul><ul><li>Standard Plumbing Code </li></ul><ul><li>National Standard Plumbing Code </li></ul><ul><li>Uniform Plumbing Code </li></ul><ul><li>International Plumbing Code </li></ul>
  9. 9. Building Water Supply System <ul><li>Main Components </li></ul><ul><li>Building Supply </li></ul><ul><li>Water Meter </li></ul><ul><li>Building Main </li></ul><ul><li>Riser </li></ul><ul><li>Fixture Branch </li></ul><ul><li>Fixture Connection </li></ul>
  10. 10. Building Water Supply System <ul><li>Water Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Water pressure effects the performance of allow fixtures and will limit flow rates </li></ul><ul><li>Code specify minimum </li></ul><ul><li>8 psi for the highest flush toilet </li></ul><ul><li>15 psi for flushometer toilets </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended residual pressure for various fixtures </li></ul><ul><li>Fixtures psi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ordinary faucet 8 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self closing basin faucet 12 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sink faucet 3/8 in 10 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sink Faucet ½ in 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bathtub faucet 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laundry tub cock ½ in. 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shower 12 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water closet 15 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urinal (flush valve) 15 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Garden hose 30 </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Building Water Supply System <ul><li>Distribution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Upfeed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Downfeed </li></ul></ul>

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