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The Split Attention Principle In Multimedia Learning

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The Split Attention Principle In Multimedia Learning

  1. 1. The Split-Attention Principle in Multimedia Learning By Jackie Borda http://goanimate.com/movie/09TV__kxWnVY?utm_source=linkshare&uid=0UiX0JZuuMVs
  2. 2. The Split-Attention Principle: <ul><li>“States that when designing instruction, including multimedia instruction, it is important to avoid formats that require learners to split their attention between, and mentally integrate, multiple sources of information.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Example of Split-attention:
  4. 4. How could we make this better?
  5. 6. Why being aware of split-attention is important… <ul><li>“By eliminating the need to mentally integrate multiple sources of information, extraneous working memory load is reduced, freeing resources for learning.” </li></ul>
  6. 7. Spatial Contiguity Principle: <ul><li>“Students learn better when corresponding words and pictures are presented near rather than far from each other on the page or screen” </li></ul>
  7. 8. Spatial Contiguity Principle:
  8. 9. Spatial Contiguity Principle:
  9. 10. Temporal Contiguity Principle: <ul><li>“Students learn better when corresponding words and pictures are presented simultaneously rather than successively” </li></ul>
  10. 11. Activity:
  11. 13. Foot Bones: <ul><li>Phalanges </li></ul><ul><li>Metatarsals </li></ul><ul><li>Cuneiforms </li></ul><ul><li>Cuboid </li></ul><ul><li>Navicular </li></ul><ul><li>Talus </li></ul><ul><li>Calcaneous </li></ul>
  12. 15. A few things to remember: <ul><li>1. “the principle only applies when multiple sources of information are unintelligible in isolation.” </li></ul><ul><li>2. “Split attention only applies to high element interactivity material.” Intrinsic load must be HIGH! </li></ul><ul><li>3. Learner characteristics must be taken into account to determine levels of cognitive load. </li></ul>
  13. 16. Questions <ul><li>1. What is the Split-Attention Principle? 2. Why is it more likely that the Split-Attention Principle could occur with Multimedia learning? 3. How are Cognitive Load Theory and the Split-Attention Principle connected? 4. What is the 'spatial contiguity principle'? 5. What is the 'temporal contiguity principle'? 6. Give an example in your field where split-attention principle might come into play. </li></ul>

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