TARKINGTON PARK MASTER PLAN a destination urban park with a distinctive sense R U N D E L L ERNSTBERGER of place that celebrates the community’s diverse ASSOCIATESURBAN DESIGN + LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE | www.reasite.com history and culture, attracts a wide variety of users, and provides a distinctive park experience Community Design Workshop | July 10 - 13, 2012
MLK Community Center North United Methodist Church Tarkington Tower 40 North Tower Midtown Butler Tarkington Neighborhood Association Meridian Kessler Neighborhood Association Meridian Street Foundation Mapleton Fall Creek Development Corporation Watson-McCord/Historic Watson Crown Hill Development Corporation Indianapolis Museum of Art Butler University R U N D E L L Children’s Museum ERNSTBERGER Indiana State Fairgrounds ASSOCIATES Central Indiana Community Foundation URBAN DESIGN + LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE | www.reasite.com Indiana Landmarks Department of Public Safety Public Works Indy Parks & Recreation Economic Development Metropolitan Development Mayor’s Ofﬁce City County Council Parks Board Community ResidentsTARKINGTON PARK | design team & park stakeholders
1. Study the Existing Park 2. Midtown Indianapolis Initiatives 3. Stakeholder Input a. Park Neighbors b. Community Groups c. Potential Partners d. City Employees e. Open Public Session 4. Present Conceptual Alternatives 5. Prepare DRAFT Master Plan 6. Present Master Plan to Stakeholder GroupsMidtown Conceptual Plan 7. Master Plan Adopted by the Board of Parks & RecreationTARKINGTON PARK | master planning process
Butler University White River Indianapolis Canal Pennsylvania Avenue Christian Meridian Street Theological Illinois Street Elwood & Mary Monon Rail-Trail Seminary Andrew Ramsey Black Park Park Indiana State Crown Hill Fairgrounds Cemetery Tarkington Park y waIndianapolis James Whitcomb rk Museum Pa Riley School#43 of Art ek re ll C 38th Street FaWoodstockCounty Club Watson Road Bird Preserve Crown Hill Bertha Ross Cemetery McCord y Park wa Park en re G ek LEGEND re ll C Religious Center Fa Fire Station Library Education Police Station NorthTARKINGTON PARK | vicinity map
Meridian Street Foundation Meridian-Kessler Neighborhood Association Pennsylvania Avenue Illinois Street Butler-Tarkington Monon Rail-Trail Mic Neighborhood Association hig an Stre et Tarkington Park y wa rk Pa ek re ll C Maple Road Development Association 38th Street Fa Watson-McCord Neighborhood Association y wa en re G ek Crown-Hill Community re ll C Development Corporation Fa Mapleton-Fall Creek Community Development CorporationTARKINGTON PARK | community connections
Martin Luther King Tarkington Tower Community Center 40th Street Parking Former Picnic (22 Spaces) Tennis Shelter Shelter Location 40 North Tower Multi-Age Resurfaced Tennis Courts Playground Tree Nuvo Grove Parking Large Commercial (26 Spaces) Basketball Hill top Strip Court Shade Tree Plantings Kenwood Avenue Meridian Street Tarkington Park Illinois Street United & Berm Way Open Grass Field Former Baseball Diamond Double 8 Foods Shade Tree Plantings 39th Street Commercial North United Node Methodist ChurchTARKINGTON PARK | existing features
Martin Luther King Tarkington Tower Community Center 40th Street 40 North Tower Nuvo Commercial Strip Kenwood Avenue Meridian Street Illinois Street United Tarkington Park Way Double 8 Foods LEGEND Hydrant 39th Street Water Line Sanitary Man Hole Sanitary Line IPL Power or Light Pole Commercial North United IPL Power Easement Node Methodist Church NorthTARKINGTON PARK | existing utilities
Martin Luther King Tarkington Tower Community Center 40th Street 40 North Tower Nuvo Kenwood Avenue Meridian Street Tarkington Park Illinois Street United Way LEGEND Ash Sycamore Red Oak Double Sweet Gum 8 Foods Hackberry Sugar Maple 39th Street White Pines White Spruce Austrian Pine Red Bud Commercial North United Node Methodist Church Crabapple North NorthTARKINGTON PARK | existing vegetation
Martin Luther King Tarkington Tower Community Center 40th Street 736 40 North Tower 732 734 730 734 730 Nuvo 730 Kenwood Avenue 742 Meridian Street 73 2 740 73 Illinois Street 73 7 United 4 6 38 Way 730 Tarkington Park 736 734 Double 734 8 Foods 732 39th Street Commercial North United Node Methodist ChurchTARKINGTON PARK | existing topograhy
25% Population Age 3M Housing Types Percentage of Living within 1, 2, and 3 miles of Tarkington ILE RA DIU 67% Percentage of Age within 1, 2, and 3 miles of Tarkington Park. S FR 20.7% OM 60% TAof residents are RK 20% IN black G TO 50% 2M N ILE PA RA DIU RK S FR 15% O M 40% TA Park. RK 2.3 IN 30% G TO 10% N PA average 1M I LE RK houshold size RA 20% D IU S 5% FR OM 10% TAR KINGTON PARK 49%of residents are 0 to 5 to 10 to 15 to 25 to 35 to 45 to 55 to 65 to 75 to 85+ 4 9 14 24 34 44 54 64 74 84 Tarkington c h 1 ed c h 1 ed 2 3 or 4 5 to 9 10 to 19 20+ Park ta ta at under 35 Resident Age de Units per Building The median age is 33.4 and nearly half the surrounding population is 35 or younger. 77% live in units 68% live in a one 1969 90% of homes 4 or less unit house built before 1.3% 1.3% 3 0.8% 0.8% 8 72.8% 69.3% 7.6% 7.6% 6 The majority of housing types near Tarkington Park 66.2% are single unit homes built before 1969. 20+ unit 42.7% 22.1% 22% National apartments are 2nd most common. 25.5% Study area shown within 1, 2, and 3 mile radius from Tarkington Park. 20% 20% Vacant at 11% National 40.1% 38.3% National 81% 81.1% Average $1010 s p ent 37.6% Rental 79.7% at 85% an at 20% Those who drive or carpool $9 75 sp en ta nu al ly Renters $54.9 $55.2 High nn to work on average own $ 95 0 s pe ua National $54.1 School fro nt Ownership m an one car per household. or GED lly at 67% National ho fro 14.0% Average me nu 13.7% m at 46k 12.6% a ll s wi hom National y fr 41.7% 33.1% 36.4% 39.9% 39.4% Average thin 3 mile of Tarki 9.0% Entertainment om homes with 7.3% 31.6% 33.2% es within 2 mile National at 40% 8.4% 5.4% 30.6% 33% 7.0% Average Home 4.5% 3.5% 3.2% 3.1% Expenditures Owner at 33% College Degree in of 1 ng m Ta ile ton rki of Ownership At or Near Education $ n Tar gt Pa kington Park on rk Type Poverty Attainment Pa rk Drive Alone Car Pool Bike or Walk Public Trans. Work at Home Transportation Modes to Work Cost of Entertainment The study area is a split between rental and ownership Those who live closer to Tarkington Park drive alone less, and Those who live closer to Tarkington households. Further, 1 out of 3 live near poverty but 80% carpool and use alternative transportation types more than those Park spend slightly less on graduated high school. who live within 2 or 3 miles from the park. entertainment every year. TARKINGTON PARK | demographics and housing
Newton Booth Tarkington (July 29, 1869 – May 19, 1946) Born in Indianapolis to a family of moderate wealth and with Small towns in Indiana were the setting for many of his important political connections, Booth Tarkington is best novels. Woodruff Place, the Indianapolis neighborhood remembered for his two Pulitzer Prize-winning novels, The where he once lived, was the inspiration for The Magniﬁcent Magniﬁcent Ambersons and Alice Adams. Having started Ambersons. Designed to provide residents with a park-like writing plays and short stories at an early age, he continued his setting, the afﬂuent neighborhood began to experience writing into adulthood, eventually becoming one of the most a gradual decline in the late 1910s as a result of increased popular American novelists of his time. His published works automobile use. Tarkington’s forward-thinking on the impact of include over 50 novels, plays, essays and short stories. Many automobiles upon society was expressed through the dialogue of his novels have been adapted for the stage and screen, of characters in the novel: “But automobiles have come, and including The Flirt and Seventeen, both originally published as they bring a greater change in our life than most of us suspect. serials in popular magazines. His ﬁrst novel, The Gentleman They are here, and almost all outward things are going to from Indiana, was also published in installments before be different because of what they bring.” (The Magniﬁcent eventually being reprinted and translated into six languages. Ambersons, p. 137) Two of his novels were annual best-sellers nine times, and The Magniﬁcent Ambersons (the second book of his Growth trilogy) In addition to being an author and playwright, he was also an was named one of the 100 best English-language novels of the actor, illustrator, editor, art collector and Indiana legislator. He 20th century. viewed public service as a responsibility of gentlemen in his “…in the matter of human socioeconomic class; and, although he served only one termcharacter the people of such an Through the Growth trilogy (The Turmoil, The Magniﬁcent in public ofﬁce, he maintained a political presence his entire out-of-the-way midland village Ambersons, and The Midlander), Tarkington portrays the adult life. His political experiences were the basis for In thewere as estimable as any others changes that occurred in the American social landscape Arena: Stories of Political Life, a collection of short stories. anywhere…This, in my sensitive between the Civil War and World War I, a period of rapidyoung fervor, was my emotional industrialization. The declining fortune of the aristocratic He attended Purdue University and Princeton University, and tribute to the land of my birth.” Amberson family is contrasted with the “new money” of the was awarded honorary degrees from both institutions, as well industrial tycoons. as from Columbia University and several others. Buildings named in his honor include Indianapolis Public Elementary Believable characters and a focus on typical middle-class School #92, Purdue University’s Tarkington Hall, and the Booth families were the result of a shift in Tarkington’s writing from Tarkington Civic Theater in Indianapolis. romance to realism. His stories depicted people and society as they really were, often dealing with the foibles of the American As a writer, Tarkington was both proliﬁc and persistent. When class system. The comical adventures of young Penrod he began losing his eyesight, he dictated to his secretary, and Schoﬁeld in the Penrod novels, were based on the antics of continued writing the rest of his life. Although he spent many Tarkington’s nephews and his own boyhood memories. of his later years at Seawood, his home in Kennebunkport, Maine, he maintained a home at 4270 N. Meridian Street in Indianapolis from 1923 until his death. His long-term residency there, and the fact he is buried in Crown Hill Cemetery, which lies on the southern boundary of the Butler-Tarkington area, make it very beﬁtting that a neighborhood park would be named in his honor.TARKINGTON PARK | Booth Tarkington
EDWARD D. PIERRE (May 22, 1890-1971) Edward D. Pierre, born May 22, 1890 in Fort Wayne, Indiana, brieﬂy attended Valparaiso University, then transferred to Illinois Institute of Technology (formerly Armour Institute), where he earned a degree in architecture in 1915. After working two years in Detroit, he served in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers during World War I, then moved to Indianapolis where he practiced until his retirement. The principles Pierre championed are perhaps most accurately described by his own words written in the “All American Resolution,” a program he developed in response to President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s challenge in 1960 to deﬁne long-range goals for America. In this resolution, Pierre sought to “impress upon young people the progress that free men can make by intelligent planning;” to encourage “full participation by all Americans in an effort to erase slums and blight from the nation’s cities and country- side;” and to concentrate on “solving the big decisions which face every community, as well as those of the nation.” His personal efforts to meet these goals were apparent in the work he performed throughout his professional career as an architect, as well as in his civic involvement in public service activities. Throughout his life, he successfully integrated good design with good citizenship. His architectural works include not only grand up-scale homes such as those in Meridian Kessler and Williams Creek Estates, but also small, affordable housing for lower-income families. During his partnership with George Wright (Pierre & Wright, 1925-1944), he designed several commercial and public buildings, including Indianapolis-area ﬁre stations, public schools, Bush Stadium, the Sears Roebuck building, the Old Trails Insurance building, and the elegant Indiana State Library and Historical Building. Many of the buildings Pierre & Wright designed are now landmarks listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The partnership was also responsible for initiating the now-traditional “Christmas on Monument Circle” – decorating the circle and monument with lights. In 1944, the partnership with Wright was dissolved, and Pierre established his own ﬁrm, Pierre and Associates. From this time until his retirement, Pierre continued doing signiﬁcant architectural work in Indianapolis, which included the master plan for downtown development in 1953, and the Tarkington Park tennis shelter, built in 1957. He has been described as “one of the most signiﬁcant and imaginative thinkers in regard to the beauty of Indianapolis” (by former mayor, Richard Lugar), and “the greatest architect the state of Indiana ever produced and probably the greatest visionary architectural professional Indiana has ever known” (by an executive director of the Indiana Society of Architects).TARKINGTON PARK | Edward Pierre
The Design of Tarkington Park should incorporate these Major Themes.... • Have a Distinctive Sense of Place • Provide a unique urban park experience • Build upon and support ongoing efforts of Midtown • Celebrate Booth Tarkington & Edward Pierre • Be welcoming to all ages & user groups • Celebrate Diversity of the Community • Incorporate Public Art and Programs • Build Partnerships with the Farmers Market, the Church, MLK Center, Young Audiences, others • Inspire the creation of Friends of Tarkington Park • Green InfrastructureTARKINGTON PARK | what we heard.....
Design features of Tarkington Park should include....• Innovative, Modern Playground • More Shaded Sitting Areas• More Shelters & Picnic Space • More Trees & Attractive Landscape• Interesting Walking Paths & Circuits • Wi-ﬁ Connectivity• Multi - Purpose Events Lawn • Tennis Courts• Performance Space • Additional Basketball Courts• Water Features, Creative Splash • Lighting Pads, Interactive Water Elements • Parking• Centralized Restroom Facilities • Pedestrian Connectivity/Safe Access• Urban Dog Park • Trafﬁc Calming• Art Integration & Programs • Trafﬁc Signal at 40th & Meridian Street• Drinking Water • Views into the park• Year Round Facilities & ActivitiesTARKINGTON PARK | what we heard.....
MLK Community Center (Shared Parking for Large Events) Trafﬁc Signal Gateway & & Gateway Improved 40th Street Crossing Lawn Lawn Court Court Urban Dog Park On-Street Parking w/Bump Outs Tennis Courts Reshaped Mound & Art Playground Meridian Street Event Spray Cafe & Lawn Plaza Stage Illinois Street Basketball Shelter & Market Gateway & Gateway & Improved 39th Street Improved On-Street Parking & Market Space Crossing Crossing North United Methodist Church (Shared Parking for Large Events)CONCEPT ONE | site plan