Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Pythagorean Theorem

631 views

Published on

A hands-on way for students to learn how to prove the Pythagorean Theorem.

Published in: Education
• Full Name
Comment goes here.

Are you sure you want to Yes No
Your message goes here
• Hi there! Get Your Professional Job-Winning Resume Here - Check our website! http://bit.ly/resumpro

Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
Your message goes here
• Be the first to like this

Pythagorean Theorem

1. 1. Why does a 2 +b 2 =c 2 ? <ul><li>We plan to learn... </li></ul><ul><li>What the Pythagorean Theorem (a 2 +b 2 =c 2 ) means. </li></ul><ul><li>How to &quot;prove&quot; (convince someone through mathematical reasoning) that this equation is true for any right triangle. </li></ul><ul><li>[ Geometry Standard 14.0: Students prove the Pythagorean theorem. ] </li></ul>a b c
2. 2. Why does a 2 +b 2 =c 2 ? <ul><li>Making Congruent Right Triangles: </li></ul><ul><li>You have received orange paper, white paper, and scissors. </li></ul><ul><li>You will be making 4 congruent (equal) right triangles. </li></ul><ul><li>To do this, fold your paper in half one way, then in half the other way. Watch my example to see how. Be careful to line up the corners exactly. </li></ul><ul><li>With the scissors, cut off a large triangle containing the &quot;loose&quot; corner. Watch my example. </li></ul><ul><li>You now have 4 right triangles that are exactly the same. Label the short leg &quot;a&quot;, the long leg &quot;b&quot;, and the hypotenuse (the longest side) &quot;c&quot;. </li></ul>a b c
3. 3. <ul><li>You will be working with a partner. You may help each other, but each of you will do your own shapes: </li></ul><ul><li>Making a big square: </li></ul><ul><li>Get a full piece of scratch paper. </li></ul><ul><li>On the paper, arrange your triangles like this: </li></ul><ul><li>Trace around the big square on the outside. </li></ul><ul><li>Trace around the little square on the inside. </li></ul><ul><li>Show me the result. </li></ul>Why does a 2 +b 2 =c 2 ? a b c
4. 4. Why does a 2 +b 2 =c 2 ? <ul><li>Changing the square: </li></ul><ul><li>Take the triangles out of the big square. </li></ul><ul><li>Put them back in like this: </li></ul><ul><li>Trace the shapes you got. </li></ul><ul><li>Show me the result. </li></ul>a b c
5. 5. Why does a 2 +b 2 =c 2 ? <ul><li>Compare & Discuss with your partner: </li></ul><ul><li>Label (in terms of a, b, and c) the lengths of all the sides of the shapes you traced. Use your (labelled) triangles to help. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the areas of the various shapes you traced? </li></ul><ul><li>Do a 2 , b 2 , or c 2 show up? </li></ul><ul><li>If so, how are they related. </li></ul><ul><li>What does this have to do with the Pythagorean Theorem? </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared to include me in your discussion as I circulate. </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared to share what you found with the class. </li></ul>a b c
6. 6. Why does a 2 +b 2 =c 2 ? <ul><li>What did we learn? </li></ul><ul><li>What does a 2 +b 2 =c 2 means in terms of areas? </li></ul><ul><li>When is the Pythagorean Theorem useful in math class? </li></ul><ul><li>When is the Pythagorean Theorem useful outside of class? </li></ul><ul><li>How did we show that it works with the triangles we cut out? </li></ul><ul><li>Did it work for everybody? </li></ul><ul><li>Should it work for any right triangle? Why or why not? </li></ul><ul><li>More thoughts? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you think of other ways to prove that a 2 +b 2 =c 2 ? </li></ul>a b c
7. 7. Why does a 2 +b 2 =c 2 ? <ul><li>Please put your names on your tracings and your triangles. I will collect them at the end. </li></ul><ul><li>You are each receiving a small &quot;closure&quot; worksheet. Please complete the worksheet, then ask me to check it. </li></ul><ul><li>Once I check and collect your work (tracings, triangles and closure), you may leave. See you Monday. </li></ul>a b c