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Starting the Conversation about Feedback

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Feedback is one of the most powerful ways to increase student achievement. This workshop will focus on what the research says about quality feedback, how feedback can focus on different needs, and how to use feedback as formative assessment. . It’s also important to touch on not only how to give feedback but how to receive feedback and find the value in it. Examples and strategies will be shared to help teachers give feedback that students will use. We will also look at student-to-student feedback, student-to-teacher feedback, and touch briefly on how to offer feedback to peers.

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Starting the Conversation about Feedback

  1. 1. Starting the Conversation About Feedback Jennifer Smithers Marten GT Coordinator/Online School Coordinator Plymouth Joint School District Plymouth, Wisconsin
  2. 2. All of the resources referenced in this presentation can be found on my weebly Feedback as a Teaching Strategy http://feedbackasateachingstrategy.weebly.com/
  3. 3. Think-Pair-Share What is your biggest frustration with giving students feedback?
  4. 4. Why do I take the time to write comments on their papers?
  5. 5. The students who need it, don’t read it.
  6. 6. Even the good kids just flip through to find the grade.
  7. 7. A Little Bit of Research (Butler, 1988) • Students who received specific feedback tailored to their performance showed significant increase in scores (almost 30%) • Students who received only letter grades showed a significant decline in scores. • Students that received both grades and comments also showed a significant decline in scores.
  8. 8. "The effects of feedback depend on the nature of the feedback. Feedback can be the information that drives the process or the stumbling block that derails the process." ~ Susan Brookhart
  9. 9. 3-point conventions score measures Punctuation Grammar Capitalization Spelling 6-point composition score measures Purpose Organization Content development Sentence fluency Word choice
  10. 10. ABOUT EFFECTIVE FEEDBACK WHAT WE KNOW
  11. 11. Evaluative Feedback • Tells learners how they compare to others • Provides a judgment summarizing the quality of the learning • Is a direct result of summative assessment
  12. 12. Descriptive Feedback • Provides specific information in the form of written comments or conversations • Helps the learner understand what he or she needs to do to improve • Is a crucial part of formative assessment
  13. 13. Intervention Feedback • Tells the student what needs improving • Gives enough information so the student knows what to do next
  14. 14. Achievement Feedback • Tells the student what was done well • Praises the work or process, not the student
  15. 15. Three Questions Where am I going? How am I going? Where to next? Hattie & Timperley (2007)
  16. 16. Task and Product Level Indicates correct/incorrect Needs more or different responses Provides more/different information Relevant to task Builds task knowledge
  17. 17. Self- Regulation or Conditional Level Helps students identify feedback themselves Provides opportunities and awareness of deliberate practice/effort Develops confidence to pursue the learning
  18. 18. Self Level Often used to comfort or support Often directs attention away from the task, process, or self-regulation Praise should not be given as part of feedback. It dilutes the power of feedback
  19. 19. Focused Listing Step One: Take 5 minutes to brainstorm examples of feedback you have used in your classroom. Step Two: Take 5 minutes to sort them into Hattie’s and Timperley’s four levels. Step Three: Do you see any patterns?
  20. 20. Just as a thermostat adjusts a room temperature, effective feedback helps maintain a supportive environment for learning. ~ Dylan Wiliam
  21. 21. How Feedback Varies Timing Amount Mode Audience Focus Comparison Function Valence Clarity Specificity Tone Adapted from Brookhart, Susan (2008) How to Give Effective Feedback to Your Students
  22. 22. Brainstorm: Feedback Variations Random Name Selector Think about what you teach. What are some ways you already use this feedback variation? What are some new ways you could use this variation?
  23. 23. Real World Examples 13 Concrete Examples of Better Feedback for Learning Think-Pair-Share Pick one example and discuss with a partner
  24. 24. Attributes of Effective Feedback Clear Builds Trust User-friendly Specific Focused Differentiated Timely Invites Follow-Up Tomlinson & Moon, 2013
  25. 25. Questioning Techniques Closing the Gap Feedback •Feedback Starters •10 Points for Giving Constructive Feedback •Five Powerful Questions Teachers Can Ask Students •Twelve Active Learning Strategies Feedback Forms & Videos I Like, I Wish, I Wonder •Four, Three, Two •Bounce Card •Glow and Grow •SWOT Analysis •Stars & Stairs •Feedback Sandwich •Feedback Sandwich Scaffold •P.A.T.S on the Back •ABC Feedback Model Online Options Voice Comments on Google Docs •Evernote •Educlipper App •Kidblog •Schoolology
  26. 26. Student-To-Student Feedback • Rubric to Decide on Appropriate Peer Feedback – Rubric Source: Hattie, John. Visible learning (p. 149) ©2012 – Used with permission of Routledge, an imprint of the Taylor and Francis Group • Pyramid - A 3D organizer that helps students contrast, reflect, and predict. It is a great way to refocus in the middle of a lesson/unit. • Kind, Helpful, Specific - would make a great wall graphic • Five Simple Questions (Thanks to @mrkempnz & @JustinRushton for sharing this via Twitter) • Response Partners (from a school in Merton, England during my teacher exchange in 1993) • Empowering Students to Provide Peer Feedback
  27. 27. Peer-To-Peer Feedback • Receiving and Giving Effective Feedback • The Art of Feedback: 5 Tactics that Work • Three Things to Do Before a Feedback Discussion • Building Trust Through Feedback
  28. 28. Getting Feedback from Students Surveys Reflections Notes
  29. 29. If You Could Ask One More Question…
  30. 30. Austin’s Butterfly
  31. 31. "The most powerful single moderator that enhances achievement is feedback." ~ John Hattie
  32. 32. Let’s continue the conversation
  33. 33. Contact Info • Twitter: @jenmarten • Blog: teach from the heart • Skype: jenmarten • Websites: Feedback Tech in the Classroom • Linkedin: jenmarten • Email: jmarten@tds.net

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