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More Than a Snapshot: Using Formative Assessment to Increase Student Learning

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More Than a Snapshot: Using Formative Assessment to Increase Student Learning

  1. 1. More Than a Snapshot Using Formative Assessment to Increase Student Learning Dr. Jennifer Smithers Marten
  2. 2. #AnnualVL2015
  3. 3. Formative Assessment • Success – Enrichment – Further Instruction • Needs Improvement – Correctives Summative Assessment • Success – Instruction on new unit – Evidence for evaluation • Needs Improvement – Correctives – Summative can become formative if goals weren’t met #AnnualVL2015 Guskey & Bailey (2001) Developing Grading and Reporting Systems for Student Learning. Corwin
  4. 4. When Summative Assessment Becomes Formative Assessment https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q4880PJnO2E (Hat tip to Rick Wormeli for sharing this video at a workshop) #AnnualVL2015
  5. 5. Whose fault is it if the majority of your class fail an assignment? #AnnualVL2015
  6. 6. “Four-fifths of my students keep failing my tests,” he shouted to me from his doorway. “Well, screw ‘em if they can’t study!” Accountability: Teaching Through Assessment and Feedback, Not Grading #AnnualVL2015
  7. 7. Purpose of Formative Assessment Systems To reduce discrepancies between current understanding/performance and a desired goal Hattie (2009). Visible Learning. Routledge #AnnualVL2015
  8. 8. An Effective Formative Assessment System Answers Three Questions #AnnualVL2015 Frey & Fisher (2011). The Formative Assessment Action Plan. ASCD.
  9. 9. Feed-Up Where am I going? Ensures that students understand the purpose. #AnnualVL2015
  10. 10. Feed-Up Task clarity Relevance Potential for success #AnnualVL2015
  11. 11. Feedback How am I doing? Provides students with information about their successes and needs. #AnnualVL2015
  12. 12. Not All Feedback is Useful Feedbad #AnnualVL2015
  13. 13. Feedback Meaningful Purposeful Tailored to the Needs of the Learner #AnnualVL2015
  14. 14. Feedback Task Process Self-Regulation #AnnualVL2015
  15. 15. Feed-Forward Where am I going next? Guides student learning based on performance data. #AnnualVL2015
  16. 16. Feed-Forward Watch for misconceptions carried forward Error Analysis #AnnualVL2015
  17. 17. The absence of any one component places learning at risk. Frey & Fisher (2011). The Formative Assessment Action Plan. ASCD. #AnnualVL2015
  18. 18. A Story About a Boy #AnnualVL2015
  19. 19. This Is His Writing Notebook #AnnualVL2015
  20. 20. This Is A Sample of His Writing (an on demand piece) #AnnualVL2015
  21. 21. Think-Pair-Share What are your thoughts on his lead paragraph? Claim/Thesis? Hook? Precise Language? #AnnualVL2015
  22. 22. Examples of Formative Assessment Note Taking Goal Setting Rubric Checks Choice Piece #AnnualVL2015
  23. 23. A Story About a Girl #AnnualVL2015
  24. 24. These Are Her Note Cards Feedback 0 points given originally #AnnualVL2015
  25. 25. These Are Her Note Cards Feedback Feedback #AnnualVL2015
  26. 26. Think-Pair-Share What are your thoughts on her notes? Effective? Purposeful? Useful? #AnnualVL2015
  27. 27. “I’m not learning anything because I am worrying too much about the technical stuff she grades and not what I’m reading” #AnnualVL2015
  28. 28. Suggestions of Formative Assessment Instead of Note Cards Choice Comparisons Connections Jigsaw #AnnualVL2015
  29. 29. Some of My Favorite General Strategies #AnnualVL2015
  30. 30. If you did know, what would you say? #AnnualVL2015
  31. 31. Question Shells (Mindful & Planned) Instead of “Is carbon a metal?” Ask “Why is carbon not a metal?” #AnnualVL2015 Wiliam (2011). Embedded Formative Assessment. Solution Tree.
  32. 32. Reporter at Random #AnnualVL2015 Wiliam (2011). Embedded Formative Assessment. Solution Tree.
  33. 33. Clock Buddies #AnnualVL2015
  34. 34. #AnnualVL2015
  35. 35. Quick Write Summarize Connect to background information Explain content concepts or vocabulary Predict and Infer #AnnualVL2015
  36. 36. Think-Pair-Share Think-Ink-Pair-Share Think-Pair-Share-Reflect #AnnualVL2015
  37. 37. I Like I Wish I Wonder Sample (from a PD session) #AnnualVL2015
  38. 38. Sum It Up #AnnualVL2015
  39. 39. Dirt Road to Autobahn #AnnualVL2015
  40. 40. Top 10 List What are the top takeaways from today’s lesson? #AnnualVL2015
  41. 41. S-O-S Statement Opinion Support #AnnualVL2015
  42. 42. Trouble Slips #AnnualVL2015
  43. 43. Over the Shoulder Writing Conference Know your target Ask questions Share quick strategies #AnnualVL2015
  44. 44. Quick Assessments (Can be done in 90 seconds) My Favorite: New Clothes #AnnualVL2015
  45. 45. Single Point Rubrics Intro to Ed Example #AnnualVL2015
  46. 46. Vocabulary Strategies #AnnualVL2015
  47. 47. Frayer Model #AnnualVL2015
  48. 48. U-P-S – Understand, Plan, & Solve #AnnualVL2015
  49. 49. Google Docs Voice Comments Surveys #AnnualVL2015
  50. 50. Back Channel Chats Answer Garden Today’s Meet Padlet (example from PD) #AnnualVL2015
  51. 51. If you could ask one last question… What would it be? #AnnualVL2015
  52. 52. A Final Thought The classroom must be a safe place to take risks #AnnualVL2015
  53. 53. #AnnualVL2015
  54. 54. Let’s Stay Connected Twitter: @jenmarten Blog: teach from the heart Skype: jenmarten Website: Feedback LinkedIn: jenmarten Email: jmarten@tds.net #AnnualVL2015
  55. 55. More Than a Snapshot Using Formative Assessment to Increase Student Learning Want to know more about Visible Learningplus? Visit www.corwin.com/visiblelearning
  56. 56. Learn more about Visible Learningplus at www.corwin.com/visiblelearning

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