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WH Chapter 1 Section 3 Notes

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WH Chapter 1 Section 3 Notes

  1. 1. Section 3 Notes
  2. 2.  The main feature of a civilization is the rise of cities  Many cities of early civilizations in the Middle East, India, and China were all located next to rivers  Flood waters spread silt across valleys renewing the soil, animals flocked to the rivers to drink and were another source of food, there was a steady water supply, and a means of transportation
  3. 3.  Ancient cities were frequently surrounded by high walls  Two examples: Babylon and Jericho
  4. 4.  The main point of many early cities was to serve as religious centers  Early priests used ceremonies, dancing, prayers, hymns, and sacrifices (animal and human)
  5. 5.  People in cities had specialized jobs  Examples: artisans, bricklayers, soldiers, merchants, and entertainers  People were ranked socially in cities according to their jobs  “Social Pyramid”
  6. 6.  Cities needed certain construction projects in order to survive  Examples: irrigation systems, roads, bridges, defensive walls
  7. 7.  The critical new skill developed by the earliest civilizations was the art of writing  Records and history could now be kept
  8. 8.  Environmental challenges could hurt early civilizations and had to be overcome  Examples: volcanoes, overfarming, famine, earthquakes, deforestation
  9. 9.  Cultural Diffusion---the spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another  Cultural diffusion occurs three ways: migration, trade, warfare

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