The DUTCH had established New Netherland along the
mid-Atlantic coast in 1621 mainly as a TRADING POST.
In 1655, the DUTCH seized NEW SWEDEN, a Swedish
colony to the south, and made it part of New Netherland.
In 1664, the DUKE OF YORK led an army that seized NEW
NETHERLAND for the English. His brother, King Charles
II, renamed the colony New York.
England let the DUTCH settlers keep their land, religion,
and customs. The new colony also allowed RELIGIOUS
FREEDOM to all.
The DUKE OF YORK gave some of New York to two
friends, Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret.
The area was named NEW JERSEY after Carteret’s
birthplace in England.
NEW JERSEY became a royal colony in 1702.
The QUAKERS were another religious group that faced
persecution in England. QUAKERS believed all people
were equal, and they opposed WAR and VIOLENCE.
In 1681, WILLIAM PENN, a QUAKER, was granted
land in North America. PENN named the land
PENNSYLVANIA and made it a haven for QUAKERS
and all other groups seeking to live freely.
To gain access to the sea, PENNSYLVANIA soon joined
with three counties on the Delaware River. The
counties later broke away to form the separate colony