2009 09 19 Learning Unit Sdi


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First class of GES 679, Spatial Data Infrastructures and standards

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  • (US National Research Council) (US NSDI EO 12906) GSDI Coleman and McLaughlin
  • (US National Research Council) (US NSDI EO 12906) GSDI Coleman and McLaughlin
  • The Federal Geographic Data Committee The Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) is an interagency committee that promotes the coordinated development, use, sharing, and dissemination of geospatial data on a national basis. This nationwide data publishing effort is known as the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI). The NSDI is a physical, organizational, and virtual network designed to enable the development and sharing of this nation's digital geographic information resources. FGDC activities are administered through the FGDC Secretariat, hosted by the National Geospatial Programs Office (NGPO) of the U.S. Geological Survey. The NGPO oversees other geospatial programs of national importance including The National Map and the Geospatial One-Stop activity. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) established the FGDC in 1990 and rechartered the committee in its August 2002 revision of Circular A-16, “Coordination of Geographic Information and Related Spatial Data Activities.” The FGDC is a 19 member interagency committee composed of representatives from the Executive Office of the President, and Cabinet level and independent Federal agencies. The Secretary of the Department of the Interior chairs the FGDC, with the Deputy Director for Management, Office of Management and Budget (OMB) as Vice-Chair. Numerous stakeholder organizations participate in FGDC activities representing the interests of state and local government, industry, and professional organizations.
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  • 2009 09 19 Learning Unit Sdi

    1. 1. GES 679 Geospatial Standards Development Julie Binder Maitra September 19, 2009
    2. 2. Topics <ul><li>Introductions </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) </li></ul><ul><li>Standards organizations </li></ul>
    3. 3. Introductions <ul><li>Exchange of business cards </li></ul><ul><li>What do you do? </li></ul><ul><li>How is GIS relevant to your work? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did you enroll in the course? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you want to take away from the course? </li></ul>
    4. 4. SDI - Definitions <ul><li>The means to assemble geographic information that describes the arrangement and attributes of features and phenomena on the Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>“ The technology, policies, standards, and human resources necessary to acquire, process, store, distribute and improve utilization of geospatial data” </li></ul>
    5. 5. SDI - Definitions <ul><li>“ The policies, organizational remits, data, technologies, standards, delivery mechanisms, and financial and human resources necessary …” </li></ul><ul><li>“ the policies, technologies, standards and human resources necessary for the effective collection, management, access, delivery and utilization of geospatial data’.” </li></ul>
    6. 6. SDI - Components Web portal/services/clearinghouse Partnerships Metadata GEOdata Framework Standards
    7. 7. SDI - Components <ul><li>Network </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial Data </li></ul><ul><li>Data catalogues/clearinghouses/registries </li></ul><ul><li>Web services </li></ul><ul><li>An Integrating Framework </li></ul>
    8. 8. SDI - Framework <ul><li>Guidelines/policies </li></ul><ul><li>“ Core” data </li></ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metadata </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Core” data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other spatial data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Institutional capacity and partnerships </li></ul>
    9. 9. SDI – a visualization Data Users Discovery Processing
    10. 10. SDI Requirements Support SDI Imperatives with Geospatial Information <ul><li>To… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fused, non-linear, rapid and accessible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fully-integrated, virtual, earth-referenced information/knowledge </li></ul></ul>Imagery Intelligence Data Aeronautical Data Topographic Data Hydrographic Data Geodetic Data Terrain Elevation Data Relevant Common Operating Picture GEOINT Knowledge Foundation DATA FUSION Imagery Intelligence Imagery Geospatial Information <ul><li>Transforming from… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legacy stove-piped, linear, and time-consuming products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imagery, Imagery Intelligence, Geospatial information </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. SDI in Practice <ul><li>Ad hoc and developing SDIs have existed for over 10 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Baseline of standards support SDI implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial data portals and clearinghouse networks enable users to discover and access geographic data </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>Standards-compliant metadata and catalogues/registries underpin spatial data portals and clearinghouse networks </li></ul><ul><li>A growing number of commercial products conform to OGC standards </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrations and operating implementations show that interoperability is achievable </li></ul>SDI in Practice
    13. 13. Discussion <ul><li>What are the components of an SDI? </li></ul><ul><li>What might be some “core” data sets? </li></ul><ul><li>Do SDIs have intrinsic value? </li></ul><ul><li>What geographic extent might an SDI have? </li></ul><ul><li>What might be the “final state” of the SDI? Is there a “final state”? </li></ul>
    14. 14. A global view Source: Henry Tom Global GSDI Regional/ Multi-national Poverty Reduction E-Gov & E-Business Disaster Management Land Tenure Health Monitoring Market Development and … many others User Applications drawing on & supporting SDIs Nationa l State, local Standards and Profiles for Infrastructure & Applications
    15. 15. Examples of SDIs <ul><li>Global Spatial Data Infrastructure (GSDI), www.gsdi.org </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE) – continental, inspire.jrc.ec.europa.eu </li></ul><ul><li>National Spatial Data Infrastructure (U.S.) – national, www.fgdc.gov </li></ul>
    16. 16. Standards organizations <ul><li>Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) </li></ul><ul><li>INCITS Technical Committee L1, Geographic information systems </li></ul><ul><li>American National Standards Institute (ANSI) </li></ul><ul><li>ISO, the International Organization for Standardization </li></ul><ul><li>ISO Technical Committee 211, Geographic information/Geomatics </li></ul><ul><li>Open Geospatial Consortium </li></ul>
    17. 17. Federal Geographic Data Committee <ul><li>The FGDC is an interagency committee that promotes the coordinated development, use, sharing, and dissemination of geospatial data on a national basis. </li></ul><ul><li>Standards facilitate the development, sharing, and use of geospatial data. </li></ul><ul><li>The FGDC develops standards only when there are no equivalent externally developed standards </li></ul><ul><li>“ The FGDC develops geospatial data standards for implementing the NSDI, in consultation and cooperation with State, local, and tribal governments, the private sector and academic community, and, to the extent feasible, the international community.” </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Federal representatives may provide technical input and comment on FGDC standards    </li></ul>
    18. 18. <ul><li>INCITS Technical Committee L1, Geographic Information Systems – “The work of INCITS L1 consists of adopting or adapting information technology standards and developing standards used in creating, defining, describing, and processing digital geographic data.” </li></ul><ul><li>INCITS L1 is the means by which government agencies, private companies, and professional organizations participate in ISO and ANSI standardization activities for geographic information. </li></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>INCITS L1 serves as the U.S. technical advisory group (TAG) to ISO Technical Committee 211 (ISO TC 211), Geographic information/Geomatics. </li></ul><ul><li>The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) has accredited The InterNational Committee for Information Technology Standards (INCITS) to develop standards for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT). </li></ul><ul><li>INCITS comprises many technical committees, including INCITS L1, which develop standards in specific topic areas of ICT. </li></ul>
    20. 20. U.S. Geological Survey U.S. Army Corps of Engineers U.S. Department of Homeland Security U.S. Census Bureau SeiCorp Oracle Northrop Grumman National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA) Lockheed Martin Corporation George Mason University (GMU) Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) ESRI Bentley Systems Inc American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS) American Congress on Surveying and Mapping (ACSM) INCITS L1 members Is your organization represented on INCITS L1?
    21. 21. <ul><li>How to join INCITS L1 </li></ul><ul><li>You may find information about joining INCITS Technical Committee L1 through the INCITS website, www.incits.org </li></ul><ul><li>Memberships run from December 1 - November 30: mark your calendars! </li></ul>
    22. 22. <ul><li>ANSI is the U.S. member body of ISO, the International Organization for Standardization </li></ul><ul><li>ANSI is a non-governmental organization </li></ul><ul><li>ANSI is not a standards development organization; rather it accredits standards developers, certification bodies, and technical advisory groups (TAGs) to both ISO and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) </li></ul>
    23. 23. <ul><li>ANSI-accredited development organizations are frequently trade associations: for example, the Information Technology Information Council (ITIC) hosts the INCITS Secretariat. </li></ul><ul><li>ANSI’s other roles include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Publishing notices of national adoption of standards and public review of standards in the ANSI Standards Action newsletter. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reviewing final draft standards through its Board of Standards Review (BSR) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standards developed through ANSI-accredited organizations such as ASTM International (formerly American Society for Testing and Materials) are allowed to bypass the BSR, based on their extensive history of standards development. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    24. 24. <ul><li>ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is the world's largest developer and publisher of International Standards . </li></ul><ul><li>ISO is a network of the national standards institutes of 162 countries , with a Central Secretariat that coordinates the system: “one country, one vote” </li></ul>
    25. 25. <ul><li>ISO is an NGO that bridges the public and private sectors. Many member institutes are part of the governmental structure of their countries, or are mandated by their government. Others have their roots in the private sector, having been set up by national partnerships of industry associations. </li></ul><ul><li>ISO is not an acronym! It does not stand for “International Standardization Organization,” as translations into different languages would result in different acronyms. Whatever the country, whatever the language, the short form of the organization's name is always ISO . </li></ul><ul><li>ISO comprises many technical committees, the most relevant to us being ISO Technical Committee 211, Geographic information/Geomatics </li></ul>
    26. 26. ISO TC 211 Geographic information/Geomatics … building the foundation of the geospatial infrastructure, brick by brick ...
    27. 27. The goal of ISO/TC 211... <ul><li>... is to develop a family of international standards that will </li></ul><ul><ul><li>support the understanding and usage of geographic information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>increase the availability, access, integration, and sharing of geographic information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enable inter-operability of geospatially enabled computer systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>contribute to a unified approach to addressing global ecological and humanitarian problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ease the establishment of spatial data infrastructures on local, regional and global level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>contribute to sustainable development </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. Scope of ISO/TC 211 <ul><li>Standardization of digital geographic information. </li></ul><ul><li>This work aims to establish a structured set of standards for information about objects or phenomena directly or indirectly associated with a location relative to the Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>These standards may specify methods, tools and services for data management (including definition and description), acquiring, processing, analyzing, accessing, presenting, and transferring data in digital/electronic form between different users, systems and locations. </li></ul><ul><li>These standards shall link to appropriate standards for information technology and data wherever possible, and provide a framework for the development of sector-specific applications using geographic data. </li></ul>
    29. 29. ISO/TC 211 organization JAG AG Strategy WG 6 Douglas O’Brien Canada WG 7 Antony Cooper South Africa WG 9 Hiroshi Imai Japan WG 10 Sang-Ki Hong Korea WG 4 Morten Borrebæk Norway Geospatial services Imagery Information communities Information management AG Outreach Chairman Olaf Østensen Secretary Bjørnhild Sæterøy Norway TMG TF 211/204 Andrew Jones Jinsoo You Chairman Henry Tom, Hans Knoop John Herring Jinsoo You Paul Smits TF 211/SC 24 Vacant HMMG PMG Ubiquitous Public Access Serena Coetzee
    30. 30. ISO/TC 211 voting members Australia Austria Belgium Canada China Czech Rep. Denmark Ecuador Finland France Germany Hungary Italy Japan Rep. of Korea Malaysia Morocco Netherlands New Zealand Norway Peru Portugal Russian Federation Saudi Arabia Serbia South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland Thailand United Kingdom United States of America
    31. 31. ISO/TC 211 non-voting members Argentina Bahrain Brunei Darussalam Colombia Croatia Cuba Estonia Greece Hong Kong Iceland India Indonesia Isl. Rep. of Iran Ireland Israel Jamaica Kenya Mauritius Oman Pakistan Philippines Poland Romania Slovakia Slovenia Tanzania Turkey Ukraine Uruguay Zimbabwe
    32. 32. External liaisons <ul><li>CEOS, Committee on Earth Observation Satellites </li></ul><ul><li>DGIWG, Defence Geospatial Information Working Group </li></ul><ul><li>EuroGeographics </li></ul><ul><li>EuroSDR, European Spatial Data Research </li></ul><ul><li>ESA, European Space Agency </li></ul><ul><li>FIG, International Federation of Surveyors </li></ul><ul><li>GSDI, Global Spatial Data Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>IAG, International Association of Geodesy </li></ul><ul><li>ICA, International Cartographic Association </li></ul><ul><li>ICAO, International Civil Aviation Organization </li></ul><ul><li>IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society </li></ul><ul><li>IHB, International Hydrographic Bureau </li></ul><ul><li>ISCGM, International Steering Committee for Global Mapping </li></ul><ul><li>ISPRS, International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing </li></ul><ul><li>JRC, Joint Research Centre, European Commission </li></ul><ul><li>OGC, Open Geospatial Consortium, Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>OGP, International Association of Oil and Gas Producers </li></ul><ul><li>PAIGH, Panamerican Institute of Geography and History </li></ul>
    33. 33. External liaisons <ul><li>PCGIAP, The Permanent Committee on GIS Infrastructure for Asia and the Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>PC IDEA, Permanent Committee on Spatial Data Infrastructure for the Americas </li></ul><ul><li>SCAR, Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research </li></ul><ul><li>UN Economic Commission for Africa </li></ul><ul><li>UN Economic Commission for Europe, Statistical Division </li></ul><ul><li>UNGEGN, United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names </li></ul><ul><li>UNGIWG, United Nations Geographic Information Working Group </li></ul><ul><li>UN FAO, Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations </li></ul><ul><li>UPU, Universal Postal Union </li></ul><ul><li>WMO, World Meteorological Organization </li></ul><ul><li>CEN/TC 287, Geographic information </li></ul><ul><li>CEN/ISSS Workshop on Metadata for Multimedia Information - Dublin Core </li></ul><ul><li>CEN/TC 278, Road Transport and Traffic Telematics </li></ul>
    34. 34. Internal liaisons <ul><li>ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 24 Computer graphics and image processing </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 Automatic identification and data capture techniques </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 32 Data Management and Interchange </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 36 Information technology for learning, education and training </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/TC 20 /SC 13 Space data and information transfer systems </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/TC 59/SC 13 Organization of information about construction works </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/TC 69 – Applications of statistical methods </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/TC 154 Processes, data elements and documents in </li></ul><ul><li>commerce, industry and administration </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/TC 171 Document management application </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/TC 184/SC 4 Industrial data and global manufacturing languages </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/TC 204 Transport Information and Control Systems </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/TC 207 Environmental management </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/TC 241 Project Committee: Road-Traffic Safety Management System </li></ul><ul><li>SCIT, The ISO Steering Committee for Image Technology </li></ul><ul><li>The Study Group on Sensor Networks </li></ul>
    35. 35. Special groups <ul><li>Advisory group on strategy </li></ul><ul><li>HMMG – Harmonized Model Maintenance Group – harmonization of UML models </li></ul><ul><li>Advisory group on outreach </li></ul><ul><li>JAG – ISO/TC 211 / OGC Joint Advisory Group </li></ul><ul><li>TMG – Terminology maintenance group </li></ul><ul><li>PMG – Programme Maintenance Group </li></ul><ul><li>Task force to support convergence between relevant ISO/TC 204 and ISO/TC 211 projects </li></ul><ul><li>Task force to support convergence between relevant JTC 1/SC 24 and ISO/TC 211 projects </li></ul>
    36. 36. <ul><li>OGC is an international consortium of vendors, content providers, integrators, other technology providers, government agencies and universities </li></ul><ul><li>OGC develops advanced open systems standards and techniques in geoprocessing and related information technologies. </li></ul><ul><li>OGC interface and encoding specifications enable interoperability among diverse geospatial data stores, services, and applications. </li></ul>OGC Vision A world in which everyone benefits from geospatial information …
    37. 37. <ul><li>“ Tenets” </li></ul><ul><li>Geospatial information should be easy to find </li></ul><ul><li>Once found, geospatial information should be easy to access or acquire </li></ul><ul><li>Geospatial information from different sources should be easy to integrate, combine, or use in spatial analyses </li></ul><ul><li>Geospatial information from different sources should be easy to register, superimpose, and render for display. </li></ul><ul><li>Special displays and visualizations should be easy to generate, even when many sources and types of data are involved. </li></ul><ul><li>It should be easy to incorporate into enterprise information systems geoprocessing resources from many software and content providers. </li></ul>
    38. 38. Putting it all together
    39. 39. Organizational relationships
    40. 40. Functional relationships IETF / W3C IT Infrastructure FGDC Thematic data standards OGC Interface and Encoding De Facto De Jure Domain Infrastructure ISO/TC 211 Conceptual modeling Data spec methodologies
    41. 41. <ul><li>Name the standards organizations discussed today </li></ul><ul><li>Describe what each organization does </li></ul><ul><li>Describe organizational relationships among the standards bodies discussed today </li></ul><ul><li>Describe functional relationships among the standards bodies discussed today </li></ul><ul><li>What is the difference between de facto and de jure standards? </li></ul>Discussion
    42. 42. Future classes <ul><li>Standards processes and expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Standards reference models </li></ul><ul><li>Select geospatial standards </li></ul>
    43. 43. References <ul><li>FGDC, www.fgdc.gov </li></ul><ul><li>INCITS Technical Committee L1, Geographic information systems, l1.incits.org </li></ul><ul><li>INCITS, www.incits.org </li></ul><ul><li>ANSI, www.ansi.org </li></ul><ul><li>ISO, www.iso.org </li></ul><ul><li>ISO TC 211, www.isotc211.org </li></ul><ul><li>Open Geospatial Consortium, www.opengeospatial.org </li></ul>
    44. 44. (Ms.) Julie Binder Maitra Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Chair, FGDC Standards Working Group International Representative, INCITS Technical Committee L1, Geographic Information Systems Email: [email_address] Phone: (703) 648 4627 GMT -5 h Web: FGDC Standards: www.fgdc.gov /standards/ INCITS L1: l1.incits.org LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/juliebindermaitra &quot;We live in two worlds: the world that we can measure with line and rule, and the world that we feel with our hearts and imagination.&quot; - Leigh Hunt Thank you!