Table of Contents -Introduction -How exercise affects the body positively -How exercise affects the body negatively -Cells, their functions, and how to keep them healthy -Tissues, their functions, and how to keep them healthy -Digestive system, its functions, and how to keep it healthy. -Citations -About the authors
IntroductionIn this book we are going to address how exerciseaffects our body positively and negatively. We willshow how it affects the cells, tissues, and the digestivesystem. How it keeps the body healthy, but also onhow it may affect the body negatively. Hopefully in thisbook we can show you how important exercising is tothe human body while also warning of how to muchexercise can be harmful.
How exercise affects the body positivelyAlthough exercising does keep you in shape, and buildsmuscles that is not all it is good for. Exercising whetheryou believe it or not also boosts your brainproductivity. How you ask? Well when you exercise itincreases some of the chemicals in your brain, such asserotonin. Serotonin actually makes your brain moreproductive. Exercise can also help lower stress levels.Although after you exercise may leave you drainedphysically afterwards it actually overall gives you moreenergy. Exercising has so many functions other thanjust to keep in shape or athletic. It reduces the chancesfor serious illnesses. Such as heart disease or stroke.
Exercise can also help lower stress levels. Althoughafter you exercise may leave you drained physicallyafterwards it actually overall gives you more energy.Exercising has so many functions other than just tokeep in shape or athletic. It reduces the chances forserious illnesses. Such as heart disease or stroke.
How exercise affects the body negativelyWhen you exercise, your muscles are generating a lot ofheat, causing the temperature of your body to go up. Withthe increase in your body temperature, you will experiencesweating. Sweating to cool someone down is not possibleall the time. In humid conditions, the evaporation of sweatis prevented and if the temperature of the environment isthe same or higher than your bodys, then heat will not bereleased. As a result, you become more at risk of having aheat stroke, which may result in fainting, a loss ofconsciousness and even death.
Cells, their functions, andhow to keep them healthyExercise is a key part of your health. Many peopleknow it is good for them to exercise, but they do notknow how it affects them. Now does exercise affectyour cells and how? Well first off exercise makespractically every bodily function do a better job. In thecells it helps the cellular respiration. So your bodytakes the food you eat into what is called ATP. Whenyou exercise you use the ATP. So therefore your bodyhas to create more ATP which helps get rid of morefood that otherwise might have been turned into fat.
Another function that exercise gives the cells is a basic“house cleaning”. When you exercise everything thenworks harder and basically gives your organs and cellswhat they need to keep on ticking. Specifically it cleansout all the “garbage” in the cellular system. Thispushes the junk out to help the cells run cleaner andbetter. The last thing I found that exercise does for thecells is keeping them young. Scientists found thatpeople who exercise their body keep their cells“young”. It seems that cleaning the junk out, and theproduction of energy through the cells help keep thesecells young, and vital.
Types of tissue Muscle Tissue Function: Muscle tissue functions to produce force and cause motion, either locomotion or movement within internal organs. Muscle tissue is separated into three distinct categories: visceral or smooth muscle, which is found in the inner linings of organs; skeletal muscle, which is found attached to bone providing for gross movement; cardiac muscle which is found in the heart, allowing it to contract and pump blood throughout an organism. How to keep them healthy Working out Try to get 60 minutes of working out in everyday Eating a healthy diet Has a lot of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat milk and dairy products. Includes protein from lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, and nuts. Is low in saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, salt (sodium), and added sugars. Prevent injuries warm up and cool down wear proper protective gear Don’t try to play through the pain be careful when youre lifting heavy object
Neural Tissue - Function: Cells comprising the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system are classified as neural tissue. In the central nervous system, neural tissue forms the brain, cranial nerves and spinal cord and, in the peripheral nervous system, peripheral nerves inclusive of the motor neurons How to keep it healthy Do your best to make sure that you don’t cause any serious injury to any of the main parts of the nervous system. But other than that the only way that they won’t stay healthy is that eventually your body will break down or you have a serious accident. What can cause problems with the neural system Stroke tumors epilepsy polio Injury to either of the 2 main nerve systems stems
Epithelial tissue covers the whole surface of the body. It is made up of cells closely packed and ranged in one or more layers. This tissue is specialized to form the covering or lining of all internal and external body surfaces. You can keep your epithelial tissue healthy by consuming plenty of Vitamin A. Vitamin A strengthens the epithelial tissue which helps it stay healthy.
Connective Tissue – In vertebrates, the most common type of connective tissue is loose connective tissue. It holds organs in place and attaches epithelial tissue to other underlying tissues. Vitamin C is one of its prime functions in the body and is helping with the production of collagen. Collagen is the major structural component of the connective tissue in joints as it makes up to 80% of their structure.
Digestive system, its functions, and how to keep it healthyExercise stimulates normal contractions in yourintestines, with reduces the symptoms of irritablebowel syndrome and other conditions. Thesecontractions may also promote regular bowelmovements, avoiding constipation and aiding in properdigestion. Exercise can also promote the absorption ofnutrients from the food you ingest as well as eliminatetoxins through sweat glands.
While it is true that exercise can have positive effects on thedigestive tract, strenuous exercise can potentially have negativeeffects. Any exercise that causes discomfort can cause stomachcramping. Also, physical activity may stimulate the colon morethan usual, and it may cause you to feel the need or actually havethe need to have a bowel movement after a workout. Studieshave shown that while participating in high intensity exercise,blood flow is temporarily redirected to muscles. This limits theamount of blood flow in the stomach and intestines during theexercise. The stomach then becomes inactive and produces lessgastric juices and delays emptying of its contents. Low intensityexercise, has been shown to cause no change in stomach andintestinal function. On a positive note, the stomach is inactiveduring exercise, but it has been shown to function even better inthe 2nd hour after exercise.This causes the acid in my stomach totravel up into the esophagus.
Digestion begins in your mouth as chewing and digestive enzymes in your saliva start to break down food into smaller particles. As food moves through the digestive tract, different enzymes and acids continue to dissect protein, carbohydrate and fat molecules into their component parts for easier absorption in the small intestine.
Dietary notesEating too much or heavily too soon before physicalactivity can produce adverse effects. After a meal, thebody sends a large amount of blood to thegastrointestinal tract to assist with digestion andabsorb nutrients. During exercise, blood flow to thedigestive system is decreased, and the blood is sent toworking muscles. This can drastically slow downdigestion and cause nausea, cramps and overalldiscomfort, according to University of Iowa HealthCare. This led to the digestive conditions of nausea,vomiting, abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea.
Citations (Morris, 2011) (Expert, 2010) (Jamerson, 2011) (Connective Tissue) (Vitamins) (Mehta, 2011) (Epithelial Tissue) (Corporation, 2012) (Corporation, 2012) (diseases, 2010) (Quinene, 2011) (Reynolds, 2010) (Reynolds, Exercise as Housecleaning for the Body , 2012) (diseases, 2010)
About the AuthorsDavis Oliver, a country boy, born and raised in thesouth, living in the city of Coppell, Texas. A scientistwho has very good chemistry with his girlfriend/co-author Taylor McCollum. Baseball is his life, helives, breathes and dreams it. He has a sister who is afreshman at NTH@C. He loves anything that is camo.
Taylor McCollum 18 year old, born and raised inCoppell, Texas. Loves music and learning about newthings in school. Has one older brother and 3 dogs. Shespends a lot of time playing the guitar. She isinterested in the psychology of patients and nursingthem back to health. Her favorite color is blue.
James Grove, born in raised in Coppell Texas. I love allsports with baseball being my favorite. I love scienceand learning all about the anatomy of the humanbodies.
Jacob Vance was raised in Coppell, Texas. He lovesphysical activity like wrestling and rugby. Spends all ofhis time with music. He enjoys movies and loves cars.He has an older sister, named Somora. He lovesnothing more than his faithful dog T.D. and his oldChevy truck.