What is Constructivism? Learning Theory Important Contributors to Learning is active and Constructivism: constructive Piaget Learner builds on Vygotsky previous knowledge Dewey People are actively Vico making associations in order to be objective in Rorty learning. Bruner New learning is compared to prior knowledgeInformation found at: http://www.learning-theories.com/constructivism.html
Jean Piaget Born in Switzerland Believed children thought differently than adults and constructed knew knowledge while moving through different cognitive stages. http://www.findingdulcinea.com/docroot/dulcinea/fd_images/ Studied his children features/profiles/p/jean-piaget/features/0/image.jpg
Jean Piaget Jean Piaget defined himself as a genetic epistemologist, interested in the process of the qualitative development of knowledge. he intended to explain knowledge development as a process of equilibration using two main concepts in his theory, assimilation and accommodation, as belonging not only to biological interactions but also to cognitive ones. http://www.sciencephoto.com/image/227740/530wm/H4160274-Jean_Piaget-SPL.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Piaget
Genie Kelleher Sensorimotor- This stage consists of learning through motor and sensory activities through imitation for ages birth to 2 years old. Preoperational- The next stage consists of learning through drawing, role playing, and communication for children two to seven years old. (Information found in book pg.377)
Cognitive Stages Concrete Operational- As children continue to grow they begin problem solving, logical reasoning and start abstract thinking through classification for ages six to twelve. Formal Operational- At this stage children learn by abstract thinking, experimenting hypothesis with comparative reasoning for ages eleven to adulthood.
Lev Vygotsky Russian educational psychologist Developer of social cognition Believed that social interactions play a key role in child development Vocalizations lead to, Language, which leads to, Gestures, which leads to, Social Skills Collaborative learning helps develop cognitive skills students need to find solutions to problems on their ownPicture from: http://gsi.berkeley.edu/teachingguide/theories/social.htmlInformation from: textbook page 379-381
John Dewey Major reformer of American Education, during the Progressive Education Movement of the 1900s Educational psychologist, philosopher, advoc ate for child-centered instruction Created the Laboratory School or “Dewey School” in 1896 Students working together playing an active role in their education He believed learning should be student directed and teachers should help students discover resources. Allow students to construct, create, and actively inquire in order to prepare them to function in societyPicture: http://www.notablebiographies.com/De-Du/Dewey-John.htmlInformation from: textbook page 381-382
What Does Constructivism Mean for Students and Teachers?
Teacher Instruction and Constructivism Teacher is not the expert, but the facilitator or consultant to knowledge. Encourage and facilitate the autonomy and initiative of students Read in to responses and reactions of students when different materials are used. Asses and inquire about students prior knowledge base and experience on subjects being taught. Facilitate and encourage students ideas and views on topics Create a Democratic and interactive classroom. Use the computer and internet for interactive games, illustrations, and other raw materials
The Student and Constructivism Give them opportunities to evaluate themselves Students are seated in small groups with 4-5 desks together Students are encourage to discuss topics within their group and question each other Students identify themselves and their experiences in the activities or learning material Students have access to computer labs for research and interactive lesson plans and may work in partners Students will feel their viewpoints are valid and encourage to communicate with the teacher and other students
Personal thought Based on the studies preformed by these men, this theory seems tobe the one that works the best. It helps the teacher understandwhere the student is at cognitively and directs the teacher on thebest actions for teaching the student.