Eme 2040 module 13 team 3 constructivism


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Eme 2040 module 13 team 3 constructivism

  1. 1. Team 3
  2. 2. What is Constructivism? Learning Theory Important Contributors to  Learning is active and Constructivism: constructive  Piaget  Learner builds on  Vygotsky previous knowledge  Dewey  People are actively  Vico making associations in order to be objective in  Rorty learning.  Bruner  New learning is compared to prior knowledgeInformation found at: http://www.learning-theories.com/constructivism.html
  3. 3. Jean Piaget  Born in Switzerland Believed children thought differently than adults and constructed knew knowledge while moving through different cognitive stages. http://www.findingdulcinea.com/docroot/dulcinea/fd_images/ Studied his children features/profiles/p/jean-piaget/features/0/image.jpg
  4. 4. Jean Piaget Jean Piaget defined himself as a  genetic epistemologist, interested in the process of the qualitative development of knowledge. he intended to explain knowledge development as a process of equilibration using two main concepts in his theory, assimilation and accommodation, as belonging not only to biological interactions but also to cognitive ones. http://www.sciencephoto.com/image/227740/530wm/H4160274-Jean_Piaget-SPL.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Piaget
  5. 5. Genie Kelleher  Sensorimotor- This stage consists of learning through motor and sensory activities through imitation for ages birth to 2 years old.  Preoperational- The next stage consists of learning through drawing, role playing, and communication for children two to seven years old. (Information found in book pg.377)
  6. 6. Cognitive Stages  Concrete Operational- As children continue to grow they begin problem solving, logical reasoning and start abstract thinking through classification for ages six to twelve. Formal Operational- At this stage children learn by abstract thinking, experimenting hypothesis with comparative reasoning for ages eleven to adulthood.
  7. 7. Lev Vygotsky  Russian educational psychologist  Developer of social cognition  Believed that social interactions play a key role in child development  Vocalizations lead to, Language, which leads to, Gestures, which leads to, Social Skills  Collaborative learning helps develop cognitive skills students need to find solutions to problems on their ownPicture from: http://gsi.berkeley.edu/teachingguide/theories/social.htmlInformation from: textbook page 379-381
  8. 8. John Dewey Major reformer of American Education, during the Progressive Education Movement of the 1900s Educational psychologist, philosopher, advoc ate for child-centered instruction Created the Laboratory School or “Dewey School” in 1896  Students working together playing an active role in their education He believed learning should be student directed and teachers should help students discover resources.  Allow students to construct, create, and actively inquire in order to prepare them to function in societyPicture: http://www.notablebiographies.com/De-Du/Dewey-John.htmlInformation from: textbook page 381-382
  9. 9. What Does Constructivism Mean for Students and Teachers? 
  10. 10. Teacher Instruction and Constructivism  Teacher is not the expert, but the facilitator or consultant to knowledge. Encourage and facilitate the autonomy and initiative of students Read in to responses and reactions of students when different materials are used. Asses and inquire about students prior knowledge base and experience on subjects being taught. Facilitate and encourage students ideas and views on topics Create a Democratic and interactive classroom. Use the computer and internet for interactive games, illustrations, and other raw materials
  11. 11. The Student and Constructivism  Give them opportunities to evaluate themselves Students are seated in small groups with 4-5 desks together Students are encourage to discuss topics within their group and question each other Students identify themselves and their experiences in the activities or learning material Students have access to computer labs for research and interactive lesson plans and may work in partners Students will feel their viewpoints are valid and encourage to communicate with the teacher and other students
  12. 12. Personal thought Based on the studies preformed by these men, this theory seems tobe the one that works the best. It helps the teacher understandwhere the student is at cognitively and directs the teacher on thebest actions for teaching the student.