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Weaving Mountain Province


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Status of the weaving industry in Mountain Province. Weaving is one of the most tradition industry of women in the province.

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Weaving Mountain Province

  1. 1. mountAin province... moving mountAins...
  2. 2. <ul><li>Mountain Province: </li></ul><ul><li>Northern Luzon, Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>13 hours drive by land to Manila </li></ul><ul><li>Igorots, a minority tribe in the Cordillera Mountain Ranges </li></ul><ul><li>Traditionally patriarchal </li></ul>Pop: 140,000 Area: 229 hectares
  3. 3. <ul><li>LIVELIHOOD </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture for home consumption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rice as the staple food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fruits and vegetables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Processed Food like wine and coffee and native delicacies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Handicrafts and trading for cash income </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Woven garments turned into fashion and home accessories and tapestries; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baskets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Souvenir Items </li></ul></ul>Eco-cultural tourism
  4. 4. COME AND SEE A new paradigm Come Experience This. Plant rice at the terraces Tend and harvest the potatoes Pick Oranges in October Learn crude and modern pottery Get lost in the woods and explore the forest Join the festival COME LIVE HERE Live In the village
  5. 5. MOUNTAIN PROVINCE Weavers' paradise
  6. 6. <ul><ul><li>an age old industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>started since women started weaving their skirts, belts and men’s g-string then to blankets and burial cloths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing unique identity for the province </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loom weaving was taught by foreigners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CICM Missionaries to Bauko and Sabangan Women. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Foster Family of the Lepanto Craft to Ms. Andrea Bondad of Sagada Weaving </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ilocos: First source of thread </li></ul></ul>Salient Features of the Industry
  7. 7. <ul><ul><li>Sagada Weaving: Pioneer Commercial Weaving established in 1968 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>St. Clement’s Convent, Bauko exported table linen in 70’s then transferred to Sabangan Parish. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sabangan Weavers Cooperative was organized after the CICM nuns left in the 80’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others made it big outside Mountain Province </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Narda’s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Easter Weaving </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>17 weaving firms in Mountain Province </li></ul></ul>the weavers
  8. 8. product utilization CLOTHING STATUS SYMBOL CULTURAL MATERIAL <ul><li>Kadangyan (rich) </li></ul><ul><li>Kudo (poor) </li></ul><ul><li>Rituals </li></ul><ul><li>Festivities </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul><ul><li>Heirloom </li></ul>CONTEMPORARY FASHION <ul><li>Clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Fashion Accessories </li></ul><ul><li>Home Furnishing </li></ul>
  9. 10. business locations 276 Total 118 43% 8 weaving firms Sagada 2 1 sole proprietor Tadian 22 1 weavers cooperative Sabangan 14 1 village industry assn. 1 weaving firm Paracelis 60 3 village industry Assn 1 sole proprietor Bontoc 60 21% 1 village industry individually operating informal business Bauko No. of Direct Workers No. of firms Municipality
  10. 11. industry potentials <ul><li>Lang-ay Festival </li></ul><ul><li>Project Uniform </li></ul><ul><li>Wide labor base </li></ul><ul><li>Pasalubong Center </li></ul><ul><li>IGO /BIBAK Net </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of natural materials like grasses and abaca as alternative raw materials </li></ul>
  11. 13. Guinzadan
  12. 14. <ul><li>GUINZADAN </li></ul><ul><li>Located in Northern Bauko </li></ul><ul><li>Named from the word “GUSADAN” meaning a place below </li></ul><ul><li>Consisting 3 barangays </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 4,229 (15% of town’s population) </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture: rice, highland vegetables like carrots </li></ul><ul><li>The only weaving village in Bauko </li></ul><ul><li>Women weave or trade during off farm season </li></ul><ul><li>They are known for weaving burial cloths </li></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>The WEAVERS </li></ul><ul><li>About 50 to 60 individual weavers; </li></ul><ul><li>All women except for 1 male weaver; </li></ul><ul><li>Age Range: 32-59; mostly mothers; 7 with toddlers; </li></ul><ul><li>Weaving skills were passed on from mothers to daughters who learn during school vacations and after school. </li></ul><ul><li>Young girls start weaving with dried and stripped banana stalks. </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>WHY WEAVE? </li></ul><ul><li>Weaving is to have something to do after farm and house works rather than doing nothing. </li></ul><ul><li>As an alternative source of income to provide for tuition fees of children; </li></ul><ul><li>Even if not sold, they weave to have something for special occasions, for tokens and social responsibility in the event of death. </li></ul>
  16. 18. WEAVING: invokes help from family members Pudon (Balling the yarn) Siko Gan-ay Abe (Weaving) Tending the children <ul><li>Children, husband </li></ul><ul><li>Children, husband </li></ul><ul><li>Help from children or a wooden mold </li></ul><ul><li>Older Children, </li></ul><ul><li>husband </li></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>YARN PREPARATION </li></ul><ul><li>Pudon (Balling the yarn) </li></ul><ul><li>Mensiko (Filling the shuttle) </li></ul>
  18. 20. SETTING for WEAVING
  19. 21. <ul><li>PRODUCTS </li></ul><ul><li>Tapis : wrap around skirts for women </li></ul><ul><li>Bakget / Wakes : ladies’belt </li></ul><ul><li>Lam-ma : Ladies’ topper </li></ul><ul><li>Wanes: G-String for men </li></ul><ul><li>Bedbed : Head gear for men </li></ul><ul><li>Pinagpagan : Blanket / Cape </li></ul><ul><li>Burial Cloth </li></ul>
  20. 22. Alabdang P5,000.00 Burial Cloth for kadangyan Baew P4,000.00 Tinuwang P1,000.00
  21. 23. Burial Cloth for kudo Balawang P1,000.00 Bayaong P 700.00
  22. 24. Burial Clothes Bedbed (Head Gear) P500.00 Inakgoling (belt for kadangyan P 300.00 Kain/tapis P500.00 Sinulaman (Wanes or G-String) P1,000.00 Tinengwey (G-String) P500.00 Baa (Wanes or G-String) P300.00
  23. 25. <ul><li>Raw Materials/Source: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial polyester /slasher thread; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bought from Baguio or from local retailer; </li></ul></ul>
  24. 26. <ul><li>Markets: </li></ul><ul><li>Local buyers from the province, Benguet and Ifugao </li></ul><ul><li>Traders who collect products from weavers; </li></ul><ul><li>Marbay, Baguio </li></ul><ul><li>Subcontracting for Ifugao weavers </li></ul><ul><li>They once weave for Narda’s, Baguio City </li></ul>
  25. 27. <ul><li>Style of business </li></ul><ul><li>produce and market individually; </li></ul><ul><li>No accounting of transactions except for 1 who made a list to show to husband </li></ul><ul><li>Mark up is computed based on direct material cost </li></ul>
  26. 28. ISSUES AND CONCERNS <ul><li>More buyers bigger market </li></ul><ul><li>New designs and improved sewing quality </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement among weavers to maintain good quality </li></ul><ul><li>Soft loans to finance purchase of raw materials. </li></ul><ul><li>On Marketing: </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in collecting credit sales; </li></ul><ul><li>Limited market </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal mark-up. Prices dictated by buyers </li></ul><ul><li>Limited capital to produce volume orders and to purchase more threads </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing raw material cost / non-availability </li></ul><ul><li>Limited designs </li></ul>MITIGATING FACTORS ISSUES AND CONCERNS
  27. 29. ISSUES AND CONCERNS 2. No intervention received from government <ul><li>Preparation initiated for DOLE registration as Women Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Compliance with agreements and following rules </li></ul>Organizational Aspect: 1. No legal entity yet. No organization MITIGATING FACTORS ISSUES AND CONCERNS
  28. 30. Assessment and Recommendations <ul><li>On Marketing: </li></ul><ul><li>Market positioning capitalizing on its relation to culture and tradition and ethnicity of designs; </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of skills through trainings and quality standardization; </li></ul><ul><li>Research and development of new product lines </li></ul><ul><li>Launching and exposure to markets </li></ul><ul><li>Baseline information on the products and group’s production capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilization and pooling capital for bulk buying of materials </li></ul><ul><li>Micro-financing basics and availment of funds from fund sources </li></ul>
  29. 31. Assessment and Recommendations Organizational Aspect: 1. The group should undergo the process of organizing into a producer’s association with common vision and objectives and with clear policies; 2. Registration as a women sector with DOLE;