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PREVALENCE OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE
IN HIV INFECTED PATIENTS 2014
DR JOSE LUIS RODRIGUEZ
M.D .NEPHROLOGIST
HIV-associated CKD (HIV-CKD)
Studies from Africa have shown a variable prevalence of renal
disease in HIV, ranging from 6%...
Screening for CKD in HIV
• Statistics in the USA estimate the incidence of
HIVAN as 3.5 - 12%. If this were to be
extrapol...
ESKD due to HIV-CKD
Life expectancy in HIV-infected patients has
increased by 10 - 20 years in developed
countries with th...
Kidney International (2004) 67, 2089–2100
Conclusión
1.-The country needs of a National Prevention
Program of CKD .
• Prevent*
• Detect
• Treat
*Despite a lot of ad...
2.-The Ministry of Health is concern about the
Namibian people affected with Chronic Renal
Failure, this is a challenger b...
THANKS
Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease in HIV Infected Patients 2014
Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease in HIV Infected Patients 2014
Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease in HIV Infected Patients 2014
Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease in HIV Infected Patients 2014
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Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease in HIV Infected Patients 2014

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Life expectancy in HIV-infected patients has increased by 10 - 20 years in developed countries with the use of ART; many of these patients are now dying from the
complications of ESKD and other chronic diseases, rather than HIV infection.

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Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease in HIV Infected Patients 2014

  1. 1. PREVALENCE OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE IN HIV INFECTED PATIENTS 2014 DR JOSE LUIS RODRIGUEZ M.D .NEPHROLOGIST
  2. 2. HIV-associated CKD (HIV-CKD) Studies from Africa have shown a variable prevalence of renal disease in HIV, ranging from 6% to 45% : (6% in SA, 38% in Nigeria, 26% in Cote d’Ivoire, 28% in Tanzania, 25% in Kenya, 20 - 48.5% in Uganda, and 33.5% in Zambia), depending on the populations studied and the criteria for diagnosis of kidney disease. Part of this wide variation may be ascribed to differences in study design, populations studied and definitions used for CKD. Recent literature recommends the CKD-EPI formula as the most reliable in calculating eGFR in this patient population. S Afr Med J 2015;105(4):320. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.
  3. 3. Screening for CKD in HIV • Statistics in the USA estimate the incidence of HIVAN as 3.5 - 12%. If this were to be extrapolated to SSA, where an estimated 22 million are infected with HIV, between 770 000 and 2.64 million people would be predicted to have HIVAN. With the advent of wider access to ART, the epidemiological pattern of HIVAN that evolved in the USA over the last 14 years may predict what will happen in SSA. Ross MJ, Klotman PE. Recent progress in HIV-associated nephropathy. J Am Soc Nephrol 2002;13(12):2997-3004
  4. 4. ESKD due to HIV-CKD Life expectancy in HIV-infected patients has increased by 10 - 20 years in developed countries with the use of ART; many of these patients are now dying from the complications of ESKD and other chronic diseases, rather than HIV infection. Currently, HIV-infected patients requiring either hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis, who are stable on ART, are achieving survival rates comparable with those of dialysis patients without HIV infection. The choice of dialysis modality does not impact on survival.
  5. 5. Kidney International (2004) 67, 2089–2100
  6. 6. Conclusión 1.-The country needs of a National Prevention Program of CKD . • Prevent* • Detect • Treat *Despite a lot of advancement in the fields of Medicine , still there is not permanent cure for Kidney Failure.
  7. 7. 2.-The Ministry of Health is concern about the Namibian people affected with Chronic Renal Failure, this is a challenger because is necessary to developed a Dialysis National Program and a Kidney Transplantation Program.
  8. 8. THANKS

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