Research Animation and Animators


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Based on in-class instruction for Introduction to Animation. Created by J. Rinalducci

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Research Animation and Animators

  1. 1. Animation Time Date Professor Title: Blinkity Blank Director: Norman McLaren Permission: National Film Board of Canada Anime From Sailor Moon Images from Wii Baseball Game Horse animated by rotoscoping from Eedweard Muybridge's 19 th c. photos
  2. 2. Library Resources <ul><li>Ask-a-Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Center </li></ul><ul><li>Special Collections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Films, animation cels, storyboards… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Visual Resources Center </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Image database based on classes & requests from professors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Library Catalog: books, e-books, videos </li></ul>Animated sequence of galloping race horse Photos by Eadweard Muybridge (1887)
  3. 3. More Library Resources <ul><li>Research Databases: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Art Fulltext </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wilson Omnifile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DAAI (Design and Applied Arts Index) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lexis Nexis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Film and Television Index </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication and Mass Media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JSTOR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project Muse </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Search: Norman McLaren <ul><li>Possible Search Terms: </li></ul><ul><li>McLaren, Norman </li></ul><ul><li>Animator </li></ul><ul><li>Animation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject Search -> ANIMATION (Cinematography) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Narrow further -> Animation AND History </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Animated films </li></ul><ul><li>National Film Board of Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Motion pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Motion picture producers & directors </li></ul><ul><li>Specific films/project (ex: Blinkity Blank ) </li></ul>Promotional still from Blinkity Blank from NFB of Canada -> Helpful Hint: Try combining some of these search terms
  5. 5. Find Books <ul><li>Begin with general KEYWORD SEARCHES : </li></ul>Animation Animated film Animation and history Animated film and history Animation and COUNTRY Animated film and COUNTRY Animation and technique Stop motion NAME of animator 3D Animators Animation and television Name of animation studio Animated television Animé Animated cartoons OR Cartoons Cartooning Cartoon characters CGI Computer animation Video games Gaming
  6. 6. Keyword vs. Subject Searches <ul><li>Start with a general keyword search to get a feel for what’s available. </li></ul><ul><li>Once you find a book or article that looks good, take note of the subjects used to describe it. </li></ul><ul><li>Most catalogs and databases let you click on these subjects as links. </li></ul><ul><li>You can also rework your search based on these subjects. </li></ul><ul><li>Changing your search terms, even slightly, can lead to new and useful results. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Refine Your Search: Subject Searches <ul><li>Animation OR Animation (Cinematography) </li></ul><ul><li>-> Narrow further —Animation (Cinematography) – History </li></ul><ul><li> Animation (Cinematography) – Technique </li></ul><ul><li> Animation (Cinematography) – Handbooks, manuals, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Animated films -> Narrow further —Clay animation films </li></ul><ul><li>Animators ( OR specific animator -> Last name, 1 st name) </li></ul><ul><li>Computer animation OR Computer graphics OR Three-dimensional display systems </li></ul><ul><li>Television broadcasting of animated films </li></ul><ul><li>Animated television programs </li></ul><ul><li>Caricatures and cartoons OR Cartoons and comics </li></ul><ul><li>Video games -> Narrow further – Fantasy games </li></ul>
  8. 8. Related Subject Searches <ul><li>Popular culture </li></ul><ul><li>Social aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Design </li></ul><ul><li>Comic books, strips, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic novels </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing </li></ul><ul><li>Film OR Motion pictures </li></ul>
  9. 9. Find Articles <ul><li>Start your search with the following databases: </li></ul><ul><li>Art Fulltext </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson Omnifile </li></ul><ul><li>Lexis Nexis </li></ul><ul><li>Design and Applied Arts Index (DAAI) </li></ul><ul><li>Film and Television Literature Index </li></ul>
  10. 10. Not finding anything? Try these databases… <ul><li>*Sometimes, it is just a matter of finding the right database for your topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Communication and Mass Media Complete </li></ul><ul><li>JSTOR </li></ul><ul><li>Project Muse </li></ul>
  11. 11. Suggested Journals & Magazines Animation Journal* Sight & Sound Journal of Visual Culture Animation Magazine* Art in America Journal of Popular Culture Funnyworld (1974-1979) Leonardo American Cinematographer American Artist Film Quarterly Film History Print Broadcasting and Cable Diacritics Variety Entertainment Weekly New York Times Magazine Animatrix Journal of Popular Film & Television Post Computer Graphics World 3D World Computer Arts
  12. 12. Evaluate Websites <ul><li>Apply the CRAAP Test as a checklist: </li></ul><ul><li>Currency </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance </li></ul><ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul>“ Focus on Animation: Norman McLaren” from the National Film Board of Canada
  13. 13. Websites <ul><li>Origins of American Animation (Library of Congress) </li></ul><ul><li>21 animated films & 2 fragments (1900-1921). Clay, puppet & cut out animation, </li></ul><ul><li>pen drawings. Connects newspaper comic strips to early films. Development </li></ul><ul><li>of animation & social attitudes of the time. </li></ul><ul><li>American Film Institute: Top 10 Animation </li></ul><ul><li>History of Animation Webpages (Texas A & M University ) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Based on student papers </li></ul><ul><li>Animation Factory Royalty free animations, 3D clip art, and templates </li></ul><ul><li>3D Café Information on 3D modeling & animation </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Digital Game Based Learning </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Includes links to video game examples </li></ul><ul><li>Animation Lab (Georgia Tech) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Graphics, Visualization & Usability Center </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Animation (National Film Board of Canada) Includes Animando, 12-minute film demonstrating 10 animation techniques (& how to use them) </li></ul><ul><li>Animation Research Centre (University College for the Creative Arts) </li></ul><ul><li>The Animation Museum (Korea) (English version) </li></ul>More Websites
  15. 15. & More Websites <ul><li>Jerry Beck's Cartoon Research </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed filmographies, animator biographies, cartoon synopsis, animation history </li></ul><ul><li>Related sites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jen Library Special Collections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cartoon Research Library (Ohio State Univ.) Largest academic research facility documenting US cartoon art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ImageTexT (University of Florida) Online scholarly journal covering comic art and related subjects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other sources of information: </li></ul><ul><li>Websites of animation studio websites or animators, YouTube, Google, </li></ul><ul><li>& Wikimedia Commons </li></ul>
  16. 16. Current Animator? <ul><li>Ex: Bruno Bozzetto -> Check out his website </li></ul><ul><li>Find images, videos, awards, exhibitions… </li></ul>
  17. 17. Reference Books: A great Place to Start <ul><li>The animated film encyclopedia: a complete guide to American shorts, features & sequences 1900-1979 REF NC 1765 .W42 2000     </li></ul><ul><li>Animated films REF PN1997.5 .C55 2004   </li></ul><ul><li>Animation art: from pencil to pixel, the history of cartoon, animé & CGI REF NC1765 .A535 2004      </li></ul><ul><li>The animation business handbook REF PN1993.5.U6 R365 2004     </li></ul><ul><li>Animated TV specials: the complete directory to the first twenty-five years, 1962-1987 REF PN 1992.8 .S64 W66 1989  </li></ul><ul><li>American animated films: the silent era, 1897-1929 REF NC 1766 .U5 G54 1990  </li></ul><ul><li>The animated film collector's guide: worldwide sources for cartoons on video & laserdisc REF NC 1765 .K52 1997   </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Animation art: the early years, 1911-1953 REF NC 1765 .L74 1995  </li></ul><ul><li>Animation art: the later years, 1954-1993 REF NC 1765 .L744 1996  </li></ul><ul><li>Animation, caricature, and gag and political cartoons in the U.S. and Canada REF Z 5956 .C3 L45 1994  </li></ul><ul><li>Animation 101 REF TR 897.5 .P56 1998      </li></ul><ul><li>Animation unlimited: innovative short films since 1940 REF NC 1765 .F23 2003     </li></ul><ul><li>The anime encyclopedia: a guide to Japanese animation since 1917 REF NC1766.J3 C53 2006  </li></ul><ul><li>The anime movie guide: [movie-by-movie guide to Japanese animation] REF NC 1766 .J3 M33 1997     </li></ul>More Reference Books
  19. 19. Still More Reference Books <ul><li>The encyclopedia of animated cartoons REF NC 1766 .U5 L46 1999    </li></ul><ul><li>Television cartoon shows: an illustrated encyclopedia, 1949-2003 REF PN1992.8.A59 E74 2005  </li></ul><ul><li>The Great cartoon stars: a who's who REF NC1766.U5 G7 1988     </li></ul><ul><li>European illustration REF NC 998.6 .E87 E9 </li></ul><ul><li>Search: the graphics Web guide: interface, typography, illustration, photography, animation, film & video REF NC 1001.6 .C68 2002  </li></ul><ul><li>The world encyclopedia of cartoons REF NC 1325 .W67 1999  </li></ul>
  20. 20. Questions? <ul><li>Ask-a-Librarian (email) </li></ul><ul><li>Reference Desk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Call </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reference Office </li></ul>Based on NASA Images