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Prosthetics in sports


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Prosthetics in sports

  1. 1. Prosthetics in Sports<br />By Jonathan Powell<br />
  2. 2. Prosthetics in sports<br />Prosthesis is an artificial device that replaces a body part<br />Because of the improvements in technology, people with missing limbs can still participate in various sports <br />
  3. 3. Types of Prosthetics<br />
  4. 4. Sport Specific Prosthetics<br />Most pro level competing people who use a prosthetic have custom made prosthetics<br />These prosthetics are customized to fit a need for any specific sport<br />
  5. 5. Prosthetics in Baseball<br />For batting, a prosthetic must duplicate a wrist break to have a smooth unrestricted swing with a follow through<br />The Power Swing Ring allows this<br />
  6. 6. Prosthetics in Baseball Continued<br />Fielding requires catching skills. A specialized body powered device that is pulled open with a cable action and closes when the player relaxes<br />
  7. 7. Prosthetics in Swimming<br />Many swimmers without missing limbs choose to not use a prosthetic<br />Others use paddle like devices to conserve energy <br />
  8. 8. Prosthetics in Running<br />The most common type of prosthetic for running is a J shaped device used as a foot<br />These prosthetics are the most common in all sports<br />These prosthetics are known as Cheetahs<br />
  9. 9. Controversy<br />On January 14, South African sprinter Oscar Pistorius was banned from the 2008 Olympics by the IAAF(The International Association of Athletics Federations). Tests by Dr. Briggemann, a leading expert in biomechanics of running, showed that Pistorius’ prosthetics gave him an advantage over runners with human legs. His legs allow him to loose less energy with a larger energy return and less fatigue.<br />
  10. 10. Controversy Continued<br />When running, the human foot touches the ground and goes through a pause and then a push off phase. Energy is lost in this process. The tests by Briggeman showed that the Cheetahs lost 30 percent less energy than an average human would without a prosthetic would. Also, the Cheetahs would allow a sprinter to use 25 percent less oxygen than a sprinter without the prosthetics. <br />
  11. 11. Prosthetics, the future of Sports?<br />In Eric Adelson’s article “Let ‘Em Play”, in ESPN The Magizine, Adelson says ‘Shed a tear for the "disabled" today. Tomorrow they might pity you.’ <br />