Definition orBehaviors explanation Examples Predator: eat animals Prey: eaten In order to stay alive; Camouflage: blend in with1. Survival Find food, water, avoid background being eaten; use little energy Coloration: bright, etc to warn Doesn’t depend upon2. Innate learning or experience; Communication Influenced by genetics Modified by watching or3. Learned experiencing Language
Definition orBehaviors explanation Examples Hibernation: period of inactivity; lower body Things done in response to temperature; winter4. Seasonal the season Estivation: slow period; hottest part of summer; reduced activity Biological clocks: natural cycles; clues from nature; seasonal, hibernation,5. Rhythms Internal clocks or calendars migration, etc. Circadian: around the day; daily cycles; sleep, eat, etc.
Definition or Behaviors explanation Examples How animals find their way Landmarks; mental maps;6. Navigation from place to place smells, etc Communication; territory; Interactions with others of pheromones; noise, body 7. Social the same species language, touch; live in groups
Asymmetry: no symmetry; irregular Radial: like a wheel; Radiate from center Bilateral: split down the middle; 2 identical sides
What characteristics makesomething an animal?What are some animal behaviors?Describe 1 type of symmetry.
NATURE VS NURTURE…Innate: controlled by geneticsLearned: innate behavior thatis modified
Critical Thinking & Reading• Read “Masters of Navigation” on the activity sheet Mrs. Lock gave you.• Answer the questions regarding innate and learned behavior.
Finding Food…To find the most foodusing the least energy
Camouflage…Blend inSome change color or appearance
Defense…Protection from predators Chemicals Herds
Migration…Travel from one place toanotherObtain food, water,nesting
Hibernation…Period of inactivity Decreased body temp In winter Food is scarce
Nonfiction Reading• Read the article on bat hibernation on page 24 of your textbook.• Answer the questions on the activity page Mrs. Lock gave you.
Estivation…Period of reducedactivity In summer
Biological Clock…Internal control ofnatural cyclesUse clues fromsurroundings to set“clock”When to fly south
Internal Clock Activity• Find the Internal Clock activity• Using a stopwatch, have 1 partner estimate the time of 60 seconds. Repeat the trial 2x.• Estimate 60 seconds while taking pulse.• Estimate 60 seconds while breathing.• Switch partners.• Answer the questions.
Circadian Rhythms…Daily cyclesWhen to go to bed
Yawning Cycles• For 1 day, keep track of the number of times you yawn. Take note of what times and what conditions are present when you yawn.• Graph your data on the activity sheet Mrs. Lock gave you.
Living in Groups…Pros Help spotting predators Help finding/killing foodCons Attract predators Compete for food Transmit disease
Animal Behavior Assignment• Make a chart – Behavior / Definition/ Example / Innate or Learned• List 5 of the 10 behaviors discussed today.• Write a definition for each behavior.• Then, give an example for each behavior.• Finally, identify whether your example is innate or learned.
Behavior Definition Example Innate or Learned?