Writing Symbols <ul><li>MG or Mg or mg </li></ul><ul><li>All symbols are written with a capital letter first. </li></ul><u...
Counting Atoms <ul><li>The number of atoms is written as a subscript </li></ul><ul><li>AlCl 3   = 1 aluminum, and 3 chlori...
Counting Atoms <ul><li>3Li 2 O  =  6 Lithium and 3 Oxygen. </li></ul><ul><li>A number in front must be distributed through...
Counting Atoms <ul><li>Pb(OH) 2 =  1 Lead, 2 Oxygen, 2 Hydrogen </li></ul><ul><li>In parenthesis the subscript indicates t...
Counting Atoms <ul><li>NH 4 NO 3 = 2 Nitrogen, 4 Hydrogen, 3 Oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>If an element appears in two differe...
Practice <ul><li>1.      KOH 2.      Hg(OH)  </li></ul><ul><li>3.      FeCl 3 4.      NH 4 OH </li></ul><ul><li>5.      CC...
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Counting Atoms 2a

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Counting Atoms 2a

  1. 1. Writing Symbols <ul><li>MG or Mg or mg </li></ul><ul><li>All symbols are written with a capital letter first. </li></ul><ul><li>If it is a one letter symbol it is capital </li></ul><ul><li>If it is a two letter symbol first is capital, second letter is lowercase </li></ul><ul><li>Mg O Ni Co N Cs K Be </li></ul>
  2. 2. Counting Atoms <ul><li>The number of atoms is written as a subscript </li></ul><ul><li>AlCl 3 = 1 aluminum, and 3 chlorine </li></ul><ul><li>Na 2 O = 2 sodium, and 1 oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>1 is never written and is always understood </li></ul>
  3. 3. Counting Atoms <ul><li>3Li 2 O = 6 Lithium and 3 Oxygen. </li></ul><ul><li>A number in front must be distributed through the entire compound. </li></ul><ul><li>6C 6 H 12 O 6 = 36 Carbons, 72 Hydrogens, 36 Oxygens </li></ul>
  4. 4. Counting Atoms <ul><li>Pb(OH) 2 = 1 Lead, 2 Oxygen, 2 Hydrogen </li></ul><ul><li>In parenthesis the subscript indicates the number of everything in the parenthesis and therefore must be distributed through. </li></ul><ul><li>Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 = 2 Aluminum, 3 Sulfur, 12 Oxygen </li></ul>
  5. 5. Counting Atoms <ul><li>NH 4 NO 3 = 2 Nitrogen, 4 Hydrogen, 3 Oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>If an element appears in two different places it must be added together and totaled. </li></ul><ul><li>2H 3 C 6 H 5 O 7 = 12 Carbon, 14 Oxygen, 16 Hydrogen </li></ul>
  6. 6. Practice <ul><li>1.     KOH 2.     Hg(OH) </li></ul><ul><li>3.     FeCl 3 4.     NH 4 OH </li></ul><ul><li>5.     CCl 4 6.     Pb(OH) 2 </li></ul><ul><li>7.     NH 4 NO 3 8.     Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 </li></ul><ul><li>9.     Li 2 O 10.   Na 2 SO 3 </li></ul><ul><li>2H 2 12. 2NaCl </li></ul><ul><li>13. 6H 2 O 14.    3C 2 H 6 </li></ul><ul><li>15.    2Al 2 O 3 16.    4AgNO 3 </li></ul><ul><li>17.    5C 2 H 6 O 18.    H 3 C 6 H 5 O 7 </li></ul><ul><li>19.    2Ga(OH) 3 20. 3Pb(NO 3 ) 2 </li></ul>

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