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Power Point142


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Power Point142

  1. 1. Peter the Great and His Contributions to the Russian Military and Government <ul><li>By Jessica Leon </li></ul><ul><li>10/27/09 </li></ul><ul><li>History 142 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Peter the Great had great ambitions to change Russia. He saw Russia as old-fashioned and not up to par with the rest of Europe. Through his Great Embassy, Peter was able to see what changes were needed in Russia, especially in the military and government. In order to bring Russia up-to-date, he made changes that were modeled after or influenced by Western Europe. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Grand Embassy <ul><li>Peter travels on a European tour as a diplomat to find military and financial aid </li></ul><ul><li>Peter pays attention to social, technological, and military structures/cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Peter’s observations on his Grand Embassy inspire him to build a Navy in Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Also inspired by his Grand Embassy are the development of a new system of rankings, colleges (modeled after the ministries in Europe), and a Senate. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Table of Ranks (1722) <ul><li>This system creates a rank for every person serving the army, navy, and civil service. </li></ul><ul><li>Peter’s intention was to avoid noble inheritance of the ranks and to give commoners an opportunity to obtain them. </li></ul><ul><li>The ranks were awarded through service to the state which contributed to Peter’s goal to have the higher military ranks occupied by men with militaristic talent and not because they simply bought or inherited their rank. </li></ul><ul><li>By dissolving the mestnichestvo, there was an opportunity to build a stronger military. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Senate <ul><li>Developed to replace the Boyar Duma </li></ul><ul><li>The Tsar was ranked above the Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Members of the Senate were appointed by the Tsar. </li></ul><ul><li>The Senate was originally developed to oversee the state in the absence of the tsar but eventually became a permanent institution </li></ul>
  6. 6. Colleges (Killegia) <ul><li>When the Colleges were developed, they started with ten, but built up to twelve. </li></ul><ul><li>Ranked below the Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Each college has a president, vice-president, and eight to nine counselors </li></ul><ul><li>The existence of the colleges created more of a middle class. </li></ul><ul><li>The colleges were developed to oversee various affairs of the state. </li></ul><ul><li>College of War, the College of Tax Collection, College of the Navy, College of Civics, etc. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Navy <ul><li>Developed by Peter the Great due to his fascination with water </li></ul><ul><li>Modeled after the British Navy </li></ul><ul><li>Builds an industry with production of weapons and ship vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Weapons and warships were built by spare peasants </li></ul>
  8. 8. Conclusion <ul><li>The influences of Peter the Great on the military and government were great and lasting to an extent. His Great Embassy proved beneficial in modifying his military and government. The Table of Ranks was a great system with good intentions, but regressed back to being taken by the rich and inherited by the time Catherine the Great came to power. The Colleges and Senate proved to be valuable in running Russia’s affairs. The Navy, however, was Peter’s greatest project. Although it seemed at the time to simply be a novelty, the Navy has proved to be an asset to Russia’s military and the driving force behind the development and establishment of St. Petersburg. </li></ul>