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SESSION 2 – LET’S TALK ABOUT 1ST CORINTHIANS
Review
Written by the apostle Paul from
Ephesus to the church at Corinth
~54 CE
Roman colony
House churches
Addressin...
Review: Chapters 1-3
 begins with typical greeting
 addresses divisions – “I belong to Paul; I belong to
Apollos; I belo...
1 Corinthians 4:1-5
Paul indicates that the Corinthians have been passing judgment on their leaders – including
himself
Think of us in this way, as servants of Christ and stewards of God’s
mysteries. 2Moreover, it is required of stewards that...
 “think of us…as servants of Christ…and stewards of God’s mysteries…” (v.4)
Steward: a person whose job is to manage the...
 Paul: do not judge us (me) – I am a servant and steward of God – the Lord judges me.
What could be a danger in a church ...
1 Corinthians 4:6-7
I have applied all this to Apollos and myself for your benefit, brothers and
sisters, so that you may ...
 “puffed up” – theme in 1 Corinthians
 Why not puffed up?
 All, even life itself, is gift
 “If you received it, why do...
1 Corinthians 4:8-13
8 Already you have all you want! Already you have become rich! Quite apart
from us you have become ki...
 “we have become a spectacle to the world…”
 Roman victory parades were notoriously long and slow
Parade of
Emperor Titu...
1 Corinthians 4:14-21
14 I am not writing this to make you ashamed, but to admonish you as my
beloved children. 15For thou...
 Paul as their spiritual father: “…be imitators of me.”
Who has been your spiritual mentor?
What traits would you look fo...
1 Corinthians 5:1-8
Paul addresses immoral behavior of an individual church member.
Note to whom he addresses his concern....
It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and of a kind
that is not found even among pagans; for ...
6 Your boasting is not a good thing. Do you not know that a little yeast leavens
the whole batch of dough? 7Clean out the ...
Paul addresses immoral behavior of an individual church member.
Note to whom he addresses his concern.
Do you agree with h...
1 Corinthians 5:9-13
Note the list of vices Paul mentions..
How does Paul distinguish between greater or lesser vices?
I wrote to you in my letter not to associate with sexually immoral persons—
10not at all meaning the immoral of this world...
1 Corinthians 5:9-13
Note the list of vices Paul mentions..
How does Paul distinguish between greater or lesser vices?
sex...
1 Corinthians 6:1-11
Taking another believer to court
Context:
only wealthy/powerful individuals could initiate civil act...
When any of you has a grievance against another, do you dare to take it to court
before the unrighteous, instead of taking...
Does this admonition against suing other believers apply today do you think?
Does the context of Paul’s time make a differ...
1 Corinthians 6:9-11
Once again we have a list of vices from Paul…
9 Do you not know that wrongdoers will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not
be deceived! Fornicators, idolaters, adulter...
 Paul’s vice lists:
 common in Paul letters (Romans 1:29-32; Rom 13:13-14; 2 Cor 12:20-21; Galatians 5:19-21)
 contents...
Context:
 in Greco-Roman times, heterosexual married males might keep a boy for their pleasure –
sometimes the person wa...
Closing Blessing
May the peace of the Lord Christ go with you wherever he may send you;
May he guide you through the wilde...
1 Corinthians Session 2
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1 Corinthians Session 2

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1 Corinthians Session 2

  1. 1. SESSION 2 – LET’S TALK ABOUT 1ST CORINTHIANS
  2. 2. Review Written by the apostle Paul from Ephesus to the church at Corinth ~54 CE Roman colony House churches Addressing disputes
  3. 3. Review: Chapters 1-3  begins with typical greeting  addresses divisions – “I belong to Paul; I belong to Apollos; I belong to Cephas; I belong to Christ”  true wisdom and power – Christ crucified
  4. 4. 1 Corinthians 4:1-5 Paul indicates that the Corinthians have been passing judgment on their leaders – including himself
  5. 5. Think of us in this way, as servants of Christ and stewards of God’s mysteries. 2Moreover, it is required of stewards that they should be found trustworthy. 3But with me it is a very small thing that I should be judged by you or by any human court. I do not even judge myself. 4I am not aware of anything against myself, but I am not thereby acquitted. It is the Lord who judges me. 5Therefore do not pronounce judgement before the time, before the Lord comes, who will bring to light the things now hidden in darkness and will disclose the purposes of the heart. Then each one will receive commendation from God.
  6. 6.  “think of us…as servants of Christ…and stewards of God’s mysteries…” (v.4) Steward: a person whose job is to manage the land and property of another person
  7. 7.  Paul: do not judge us (me) – I am a servant and steward of God – the Lord judges me. What could be a danger in a church leader declaring that they are above human judgment?
  8. 8. 1 Corinthians 4:6-7 I have applied all this to Apollos and myself for your benefit, brothers and sisters, so that you may learn through us the meaning of the saying, ‘Nothing beyond what is written’, so that none of you will be puffed up in favor of one against another. 7For who sees anything different in you? What do you have that you did not receive? And if you received it, why do you boast as if it were not a gift?
  9. 9.  “puffed up” – theme in 1 Corinthians  Why not puffed up?  All, even life itself, is gift  “If you received it, why do you boast as if it were not a gift?” (v. 7)
  10. 10. 1 Corinthians 4:8-13 8 Already you have all you want! Already you have become rich! Quite apart from us you have become kings! Indeed, I wish that you had become kings, so that we might be kings with you! 9For I think that God has exhibited us apostles as last of all, as though sentenced to death, because we have become a spectacle to the world, to angels and to mortals. 10We are fools for the sake of Christ, but you are wise in Christ. We are weak, but you are strong. You are held in honor, but we in disrepute. 11To the present hour we are hungry and thirsty, we are poorly clothed and beaten and homeless, 12and we grow weary from the work of our own hands. When reviled, we bless; when persecuted, we endure;13when slandered, we speak kindly. We have become like the rubbish of the world, the dregs of all things, to this very day.
  11. 11.  “we have become a spectacle to the world…”  Roman victory parades were notoriously long and slow Parade of Emperor Titus in 71 CE
  12. 12. 1 Corinthians 4:14-21 14 I am not writing this to make you ashamed, but to admonish you as my beloved children. 15For though you might have ten thousand guardians in Christ, you do not have many fathers. Indeed, in Christ Jesus I became your father through the gospel. 16I appeal to you, then, be imitators of me. 17For this reason I sent you Timothy, who is my beloved and faithful child in the Lord, to remind you of my ways in Christ Jesus, as I teach them everywhere in every church. 18But some of you, thinking that I am not coming to you, have become arrogant. 19But I will come to you soon, if the Lord wills, and I will find out not the talk of these arrogant people but their power. 20For the kingdom of God depends not on talk but on power. 21What would you prefer? Am I to come to you with a stick, or with love in a spirit of gentleness?
  13. 13.  Paul as their spiritual father: “…be imitators of me.” Who has been your spiritual mentor? What traits would you look for in a spiritual mentor? Johann von Staupitz Benjamin Mays
  14. 14. 1 Corinthians 5:1-8 Paul addresses immoral behavior of an individual church member. Note to whom he addresses his concern. Do you agree with his advice about how to handle it?
  15. 15. It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and of a kind that is not found even among pagans; for a man is living with his father’s wife. 2And you are arrogant! Should you not rather have mourned, so that he who has done this would have been removed from among you? 3 For though absent in body, I am present in spirit; and as if present I have already pronounced judgement 4in the name of the Lord Jesus on the man who has done such a thing. When you are assembled, and my spirit is present with the power of our Lord Jesus, 5you are to hand this man over to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, so that his spirit may be saved on the day of the Lord.
  16. 16. 6 Your boasting is not a good thing. Do you not know that a little yeast leavens the whole batch of dough? 7Clean out the old yeast so that you may be a new batch, as you really are unleavened. For our paschal lamb, Christ, has been sacrificed. 8Therefore, let us celebrate the festival, not with the old yeast, the yeast of malice and evil, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
  17. 17. Paul addresses immoral behavior of an individual church member. Note to whom he addresses his concern. Do you agree with his advice about how to handle it?
  18. 18. 1 Corinthians 5:9-13 Note the list of vices Paul mentions.. How does Paul distinguish between greater or lesser vices?
  19. 19. I wrote to you in my letter not to associate with sexually immoral persons— 10not at all meaning the immoral of this world, or the greedy and robbers, or idolaters, since you would then need to go out of the world. 11But now I am writing to you not to associate with anyone who bears the name of brother or sister who is sexually immoral or greedy, or is an idolater, reviler, drunkard, or robber. Do not even eat with such a one. 12For what have I to do with judging those outside? Is it not those who are inside that you are to judge? 13God will judge those outside. ‘Drive out the wicked person from among you.’
  20. 20. 1 Corinthians 5:9-13 Note the list of vices Paul mentions.. How does Paul distinguish between greater or lesser vices? sexually immoral greedy idolator reviler drunkard robber
  21. 21. 1 Corinthians 6:1-11 Taking another believer to court Context: only wealthy/powerful individuals could initiate civil action Paul’s churches were small house churches – meeting in homes where people knew each other
  22. 22. When any of you has a grievance against another, do you dare to take it to court before the unrighteous, instead of taking it before the saints? 2Do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world is to be judged by you, are you incompetent to try trivial cases?3Do you not know that we are to judge angels—to say nothing of ordinary matters? 4If you have ordinary cases, then, do you appoint as judges those who have no standing in the church? 5I say this to your shame. Can it be that there is no one among you wise enough to decide between one believer and another, 6but a believer goes to court against a believer—and before unbelievers at that? 7 In fact, to have lawsuits at all with one another is already a defeat for you. Why not rather be wronged? Why not rather be defrauded? But you yourselves wrong and defraud—and believers at that.
  23. 23. Does this admonition against suing other believers apply today do you think? Does the context of Paul’s time make a difference?
  24. 24. 1 Corinthians 6:9-11 Once again we have a list of vices from Paul…
  25. 25. 9 Do you not know that wrongdoers will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived! Fornicators, idolaters, adulterers, male prostitutes, sodomites, 10thieves, the greedy, drunkards, revilers, robbers—none of these will inherit the kingdom of God. 11And this is what some of you used to be. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God.
  26. 26.  Paul’s vice lists:  common in Paul letters (Romans 1:29-32; Rom 13:13-14; 2 Cor 12:20-21; Galatians 5:19-21)  contents of lists vary somewhat and seem to be tailored to the recipients of the letter  “defraud” – one of the commandments according to Jesus in conversation with the rich man (Mark 10:9)  “male prostitutes”: malakoi (Gr.)  means “soft” when describing cloth – in general use, to describe a man who was not ‘manly’  adolescent boys who sold sexual favors to older men  “sodomites”: arsenokoital (Gr.)  men engaged in pederasty; more active partner in male homosexual relationship
  27. 27. Context:  in Greco-Roman times, heterosexual married males might keep a boy for their pleasure – sometimes the person was a slave and sometimes the boy solicited sex with elders for money  around Paul’s time, people started to take note of the sexual exploitation and to object:  Seneca’s “On Master and Slave”; Plutarch’s “Dialogue on Love”, Dio Chrysostom’s “Envy” and “The Hunter”  none of the texts concerned relationships which were without exploitation  Corinthian vices: defrauders, fornicators, idolaters, adulterers, male prostitutes, sodomites, thieves, greedy, drunkards, revilers, robbers – acting like nonbelievers
  28. 28. Closing Blessing May the peace of the Lord Christ go with you wherever he may send you; May he guide you through the wilderness, protect you through the storm; May he bring you home rejoicing at the wonders he has shown you; May he bring you home rejoicing once again into our doors. Amen.

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