A Prototype gives something to improvefaced with UNCERTAINTY we are willing to do hard work to gain information or understanding by exploring ( (Rubin)-Revisit and revise mental models using feedback (from people, results)Feedback is not “right or wrong” but“how close are you to where you want to What to do to get there, and are you sure you’re going in the right direction in the first place
Double Loop Learning (what iteration looks like when its at home)Inner loop – efficiency – are we doing things wellOuter loop (iteration) – efficacy – are we doing the right thingsKristianKiili looked at this notion in the context of designing a learning system:
Flow - diagram CsikszentmihalNote - M. C. - that flow pre-supposes a certain degree of skill as a starting point (which again aligns with what we know about when/how pbl is effective)
Simon Bostock had an interesting spin on this, related to learning design - premises – degree of play built in play involves the possibility of failure (people actually like this)People like the risk of failure, but they don’t like to look like foolsbut people also like to have some sense of what to do (too open ended is a problem for most of us past preschool - the whys behind that are a whole other topic) SO- have degree of play/freedom commensurate with evolving skills
Struggle Effortful processing = more stable learningStability Bias , Ease of processing When there is struggle (start up , game, learning)become embodied & will work to overcome We want to know how it will end so
Feedback - (what’s been your experience on feedback)(novice chess player - if you narrow the system it focuses the feedback, puts a novice at less of a disadvantage - allows them to learn with the right amount of struggle allows them to figure it out for themselves (ties into studies on PBL)
Car Shopping Remember that car you picked? Now in the case of our college grad, he had a couple of dream cars in mind. Then he started looking at numbers - and by the time he added up rent and taxes and student loans and living expenses he set a maximum budget of $15,000 for his car. This caused him to revisit his assumptions about what cars to consider… Did your car change? Are you starting to ask other questions here?
In real world, contextual problem-based learning, once you get a handle on things, you often get some new data…. like this…because it’s never as simple as the capital cost of the car is it? Did anyone change their choices? What other information/knowledge do you want or need? (like our california kid, here, it’s okay to phone a friend or ask Google.
And sometimes even unwanted input may have value - mom got wind of our hero’s revised short list and has some other factors to add to the mix.
Financials, tech specs, capital and operational costs… all of those enter in.Did you find a car? Which one? Did anyone pivot?Did anyone go back an reevaluate the original premise – what might change starting assumptions (e.g. right goal? Right constraints?)
Time Bound Iterative Learning - ASTD TK14
Design Like a Startup
Time Bound Iterative Learning
Before we get started
Pick a car
We’ll come back to that later…
54 hours of lectures on entrepreneurship and business
With lots of well designed course outcomes and
And people love it.
Complex, multifaceted problems
Specific goals, indeterminate outcomes
Time constraints drive balance between Creativity and
xAPI Design Project
A master class in feedback and scaffolding
Systemic structure was minimal, but...
Abundant, and multi-directional feedback
Keeping these in balance drove motivation and
The Kitchen Sink
Sometimes there is one right answer
Culture can be a blessing or a curse
Need to balance direction and autonomy
Have touch points with experts
If it weren’t for the last minute…
Time Bound Iterative
Remember the car you picked
It’s time to iterate.
First stop – the first (reality)
Your budget is $15,000
Now pick the car
An email from Dear Old Dad
Subject: things to keep in mind
Just wanted to remind you to check out the difference in interest
rates between new and used cars. Also, while you’re
budgeting, you’ll want to factor in potential repair costs; might want
to call Leon about common issues with some of the cars your
A text from Mom
Remember to check the
NHSTA & IIHS safety
The traffic out there is
nuts, so you’ll also want to
read up on performance
Geckos, other scary things
Insurance, mileage, operational costs…
Time-Bound Iterative Learning
The real power is:
They didn’t win.
But they succeeded.
Image credits Slide 2:
Veyron: testing / Shutterstock.com
Subaru: Luis Santos / Shutterstock.com http://www.shutterstock.com/gallery-331438p1.html?cr=00&pl=edit00
Isetta: Jorg Hackemann / Shutterstock.com http://www.shutterstock.com/gallery404404p1.html?cr=00&pl=edit-00
Slide 11 mark[sweep] http://blog.marksweep.com/post/12770665811/double-loop-learning-and-the-leanstartup
Slides 11, 23 Kristian Kiili http://dspace.cc.tut.fi/dpub/bitstream/handle/123456789/51/kiili.pdf
Slide 12 based on Mihalyi Csikszentmihalyi, Flow, the Pscyhology of Optimal Experience
Slides 13, 23 – Simon Bostock http://wearesimonbostock.net/the-play-channel/