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  1. 1. John J. Lawless, PhD, MPH SUNY Empire State College May 2010, FPP White Eagle
  2. 2. Elements of Successful Online Courses Importance of Building Community Consistency of Interaction with Active and Valued Course Design Instructor Course (Institutional (Teaching Presence) Discussions Support) Swan, 2000
  3. 3. Teaching Presence  Design and Organization id=EMPU-84BPBR  Facilitating Discourse  Direct Instruction Anderson et al, JALN 5(2) 2001
  4. 4. Design and Organization  Set the curriculum  Utilize medium effectively  Establish time parameters  Establish netiquette
  5. 5. Facilitating Discourse  Identify areas of agreement/disagreement  Seek to reach understanding  Encourage and acknowledge student contributions  Set climate for learning  Draw participants in; prompt discussion
  6. 6. Best Practices for Discussions o Presence of guidelines - defining expectations in terms of quality, quantity and possibly frequency of posts o Presence of feedback - Visible (preferably with the gradebook); Both narrative feedback and numerical evaluation o Instructor presence - What type – evaluative (avoid this) vs. inquisitive; How much?
  7. 7. Direct Instruction  Present content/questions  Focus discussion on specific issues  Summarize discussion  Confirm understanding through assessment and explanatory feedback  Add knowledge from diverse sources  Respond to technical concerns
  8. 8. Promoting Quality Discussions  Instructor role – Socrates  Promote student-centered discussion boards  Respond to a question with a question!  Utilize Bloom’s taxonomy in asking students questions – analysis, synthesis and evaluation
  9. 9. Bloom’s Anderson’s Taxonomy
  10. 10. How to Utilize a Taxonomy • Analyze • Compare Analysis • Contrast • Hypothesize • Design Synthesis • Develop • Critique • Justify Evaluation • Judge
  11. 11. Blended Models How will the web component enhance the course and student learning?  Static  Course Announcements, Syllabus, Online Resources  Lecture notes, powerpoints and handouts  Interactive  Learning Activities and Assignments
  12. 12. Learning Activities  Discussions  Quizzes/Self-tests  Team Projects  Peer Assessments  Mapblogs  Wikis  Blogs  Videos (eg. YouTube)  Podcasts
  13. 13. YouTube Resources  RSS in Plain English  Blogs in Plain English v=0klgLsSxGsU v=NN2I1pWXjXI  Twitter in Plain English  Social Bookmarking in Plain English (i.e. delicious) v=ddO9idmax0o v=x66lV7GOcNU  Social Networking in Plain  Wikis in Plain English English v=-dnL00TdmLY v=-dnL00TdmLY  Websearch Strategies in Plain  Podcasting in Plain English English v=y- v=y- MSL42NV3c&feature=channel MSL42NV3c&feature=channel
  14. 14. Institutional Support  Policies for course development  Curriculum Committees  Standard templates and information documents in all courses  Coordinators to manage courses with multiple sections  Timelines (development, revisions) and resources  Class size, enrollment caps  Policies for support and evaluation  Faculty training  Instructional Designers/Technologists  Technical support for faculty and students  Student surveys and analysis
  15. 15. Teaching at Empire State College  Adjunct instructor for the Center for Distance Learning (CDL)  – Employment- Faculty Vacancy-  Center for Distance Learning Adjunct Faculty, Part-time (Saratoga Springs)  Tutor for guided independent studies – contact  in Syracuse
  16. 16. References  Anderson, Terry, Liam Rourke, D. Randy Garrison and Walter Archer (2001) Assessing Teaching Presence in a Computer Conferencing Context. Journal of the Asynchonous Learning Network JALN 5(2).  Churches, Andrew (2008). Bloom's taxonomy: Blooms digitally. Retrieved May 18, 2010 from http://  Coppola, Nancy Walters, Starr Rozanne Hiltz and Naomi Rotter (2001) Becoming a Virtual Professor: Pedagogical Roles and ALN. Conference paper HICSS 34.  Swan, Karen, Peter Shea, Eric Fredericksen, Alexandra Pickett, William Pelz (2000) Course Design Factors influencing the success of online learning. Conference paper WebNet 2000. ERIC ED 448 760  Tallent-Runnels, Mary, Julie Thomas, William Lan, Sandi Cooper, Terence Ahern, Shana Shaw and Xizoming Liu (2006) Teaching Courses Online: A Review of the Research. Review of Educational Research 76(1): 93-135.