3 Schools of Thought Presentation

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the presentation that I gave to the EARF community on the 30th of January 2012

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3 Schools of Thought Presentation

  1. 1. 3 SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT ON ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE James Lapalme PhD.
  2. 2. I’m a researcher and consultant  Roles  EA - 2006 (6yrs)  SA - 2003 (9yrs)  DEV - 1999 (13 yrs)  Sectors  Banking/Investment  Transportation  Utilities  Telecom  E-Learning  PhD, MSc and BSc In Comp. Sci. University of Montréal Software Engineering and Heterogonous Systems Design  MA In Human Systems Intervention Concordia University Organizational Effectiveness, Learning and Transformation Experience Education
  3. 3. I’m interested in Praxis "There is nothing so practical as a good theory.“ - Kurt Lewin "If you want truly to understand something, try to change it.“ - Kurt Lewin
  4. 4. Warning : Language assumption!  Enterprise = Organization  All organization have an enterprise; all enterprises are untaken by an organization.  IT = IS  In Canada, few distinguish between IT and IS.
  5. 5. Why : Explore, Explain and Provoke IT Challenges EA Challenges Source: Standish 2009 • Misalignment with business objectives • Low interdepartmental communication • Resources Constraints • High environmental change • Low engagement • Cultural gap between IT and business • Lack of knowledge • Motivation Source: Sung-Ong 2002 • Understanding of EA value • Politics and organisational silos • Cultural issues • Misunderstanding of business objectives and strategies • Engagement Source: Gartner 2010 • 1% are hostile • 13% ignore • 32% unaware • 39% accepted as « TI stuff » • 15% actively supported Source: Forrester 2010 High Failure Rate! No Support! People & Organisational Issues! People & Organisational Issues!
  6. 6. Belief Systems “Everybody has beliefs !” © 2012 James Lapalme
  7. 7. 3 Schools Of Thought on EA Non-IT Strategy EA IT Strategy Environment Enterprise Strategy Execution HR Strategy Operations Strategy Financial Strategy Other Strategies IT Strategies EA EA Enterprise IT Architecture IT-Business Strategy Aligment Enterprise Integration Enterprise Strategy Execution Enterprise Ecological Adaption Enterprise Learning and Sustainabil
  8. 8. EEA EIE EITA IT & Non-IT Strategy Alignment Strategy & Execution Alignment Strategy Formulation & Execution Alignment IT Enterprise Enterprise-in- environment
  9. 9. Alternative Views Mechanistic Systemic Closed System Open System EEAEI EITA EEA EI EITA Non-IT Strategy Alignment Non-IT Strategy Execution Alignment Non-IT Strategy Formulation IT Strategy Alignment IT Strategy Execution Alignment IT Strategy Formulation
  10. 10. Overview – Belief Systems
  11. 11. EITA Beliefs • Reductionism • Closed System • Determinism • Universalism
  12. 12. EI Beliefs • Holism • Closed System • Determinism • Universalism
  13. 13. EEA Beliefs • Holism • Open System • Indeterminism • Contextualism
  14. 14. Overview – Insights & Limitations
  15. 15. What was this about again ? This is not about Enterprise Architecture; this is about Enterprise Architects!
  16. 16. Future - KPIs School Objectif KPIs EITA IT Cost Reduction Reduction in IT Recurring Costs Model Creations Business Enablement Delivered Solutions (BC) Business Appreciation of IT foresight Quicker Delivery IT Portfolio Management Operation Execution Identification and Solutioning of ongoing IT problems EI Effective Strategy Implementation Holistic Solutions Implementation Oversight Organizational Coherency Identification and Assessment on Incoherencies Work Statisfaction Resolution of Incoherencies EEA Innovation New products and Services New ideas Organizational Coherency Identification and Assessment on Incoherencies Work Statisfaction Resolution of Incoherencies Coevolution Identification of Opportunities Intervention on Opportunities Continous Growth Sustainable Growth (triple bottom line)
  17. 17. Questions ?

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