PEARLS OF WISDOM OF THE 7 SAGES OF ANCIENT GREECEFull E-Book: ‘Pearls of Wisdom of the 7 Sages of AncientGreece’ASIN: B007YNPR8QDirect Link: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B007YNPR8Q by John Kyriazoglou First Edition: April 2012
SYNOPSISThis book contains a set of wisdom pieces of ancient Greece, interms of the maxims of the oracle of Delphi, the quotations of theseven sages of ancient Greece, and the quotations of other well-known ancient Greek thinkers, such as: Aristotle, Plato, Socrates,etc. These maxims and quotations are presented in English. Theywere translated from ancient Greek into English by the author.The contents of this book are:1. Introduction to the ancient Greek Maxims2. The Maxims of the Oracle of Delphi3. The Quotations of the Seven Sages of ancient GreeceThe purpose of this book is to make all readers (general public,educated and not, young, old, men, women, high school, collegeand university students, managers, workers, professionals, etc.)aware of a set of classical quotations that could be used to helpthem in all walks and stages in their personal and professional life,and hopefully enable them to understand, reflect upon, andimprove their relationships, in the long term.I am responsible for any errors and omissions in the translation,hoping that the reader will excuse me in this very difficult anddemanding task. John Kyriazoglou
Chapter 2: The Maxims of the Oracle of DelphiThe maxims of the Oracle at Delphi were made up of very briefquotations (two to five words) full of wisdom and moral values.The subject matter they deal with varies from religious faith, toobedience to law, how to treat friends, how to behave in a justmanner, education, country, way of life, happiness, etc.These maxims, 147 in total, were inscribed in the frontal columnsat the temple of the god Apollo, at the Oracle of Delphi. They werecopied on single marble tablets and were transported to all parts ofthe Ancient Greek World, as the writing on paper or on parchmentwas not known at the time.It should be noted that these 147 maxims of Delphi embodied thecomplete universe of values for the ancient Greeks. The number147 equals 3 times 7 times 7 (or 3x7x7). The meanings of numbersin the ancient Greek world were quite important. Number 3represents divine perfection, and in Pythagorean terms completion.Number 4 represents the whole creation, as there are 4 seasons in ayear, 4 winds, 4 directions, 4 elements (fire, water, air and , earth),etc.Number 7 is the combination of 3 and 4, and represents theuniverse. Also Apollo’s lyre (musical instrument) had 7 strings,there were 7 sages, etc. In Pythagorean terms 7 is a cosmic numberwith 3 of heaven and 4 of the world. Number 147, being 3x7x7,represented all divine values for all universes (a universe of auniverse).Most of these maxims have been attributed to the seven sages ofAncient Greece: Thales, Pittacos, Bias, Solon, Cleovoulos,Periandros, and Chilon.They cover all areas of living, such as: Religiosity (faith, worship,religious behavior, God, praying, etc.), Governance (protect homecountry, society, laws, ruling), Managing Property (wealth,protection of self and property, profit, finance, etc.), Principles,Virtues and Values for Association with Others (friendship andlove, peace and hate, anger, justice, honor, goodness, murder and
vice, wisdom, mercy and forgiveness, and happiness), PersonalSkills (self-control, efficiency, effectiveness, hope, fortune, etc.),Knowledge, Education and Training, and Family and LifeEvents (marriage, family, wife, children and parents, conduct andvirtues during life, and death).As ample of these maxims are the following:1. Follow God.2. Obey the law.3. Worship God.4. Respect your parents.5. Be overcome by justice.6. Base your knowledge on learning.7. Understand after you have heard what has occurred.8. Know yourself.9. Intend to get married.10. Take care to know the right opportunity.11. Think as a mortal.12. Act as if you are a stranger.13. Honor your family.14. Control yourself.15. Help your friends.16. Control your anger.17. Exercise prudence.18. Honor divine providence.19. Do not use an oath.20. Love friendship.21. Concentrate on education.
Chapter 3: The Quotations of the Seven SagesThis chapter describes the quotations of the seven sages of ancientGreece: Thales, Pittacos, Cleovoulos, Solon, Periandros, Bias, andChilon.Quotations of ChilonChilon was the son of Damagitos. He was born in Sparta. He livedin Sparta in the sixth century B.C. (born ca. 560 B.C.), and he wasa law-maker, political leader and a poet. He was considered as oneof the seven sages (wise men) of Ancient Greece.The quotations, according to various sources, attributed to him,were the following:1. Know yourself.2. When you drink alcohol, do not talk too much, you will makemistakes.3. Do not offend free men, because it is not right.4. Do not slander your neighbors, for you are likely to hear thingswhich make you unhappy.5. Take your time during the dinners of your friends, while bequick during their unfortunate events.6. Your wedding should be simple.7. Bless the dead person.8. Respect your elders.9. Hate the person who involved in the affairs of others.10. Prefer loss to shameful profit. The first will make you sad onlyonce, while the other will worry you forever.11. Do not laugh at the person who is unfortunate.
12. Remain calm against rugged people, so that they are ashamedrather than feared of you.13. Govern and protect your family.14. Do not allow your tongue to run ahead of your intellect.15. Control your anger.16. Do not desire things that cannot be acquired.17. Do not try to overpass people on the road nor make all kindsof hand gestures, this is done by the crazy people.18. Obey the law.19. When they are unjust to you, be willing to reconcile, when theyinsult you, do not seek revenge.Quotations of Thales1. Do not give guarantees (on loans) as the misfortune is nearby.2. Remember your friends, both, when they are near you, as well aswhen they are far away.3. Do not beautify your external appearance, but you should lookto become good in your behavior.4. Do not get rich in a bad way.5. Do not allow false accusations to influence you against personsthat have earned your trust.6. Do not get tired in flattering and speaking well to your parents.7. Do not accept bad things.8. Whatever care you provide for your parents, the same youshould expect to receive when you reach old age, by your children.9. The correct judgment (or opinion) is a difficult thing.10. The achievement of something desirable is a very pleasurablething.11. Laziness is an ill-pleased thing.12. No being able to control yourself is a hurtful thing.13. Ignorance is a painful thing.14. Teach and learn the best.15. Do not be lazy, even if you are rich.16. Hide bad things in your home.17. It is better if they hate you than if they feel sorrow for you.18. Regulate your life according to a standard.19. Do not trust all people.20. When you rule as a chief, you should adorn yourself.