Human development theoretical
Human development and family relationships.
This subject is related with counseling and family therapy.
There is theory and a supervised practicum component in this
Theory paper is MCFT-001 supervised practicum is MCFTL001.
For theory paper you will have continuous evaluation through
an assignment and a term end examination.
For MCFTL-001- you have to work under the supervision of the
academic counselor given in the supervised practicum manual.
• 1. human development
• 2.the family
• 3.family life cycle stages I
• 4. family life cycle stages II.
Human development theoretical
• This block consist of five units
• 1. introduction to human development
• 2.biological perspectives
• 3.psychoanalytic theories
• 4.cognitive learning and intelligence theories.
• 5.humanistic, ethological and contextual
Human development from various
views can be seen in it.
• A historical glimpse.
During middle age that is 500-1500 AD it was
assumed that from half to two- thirds of
children died before the age of 2 years.
• Children were expected to behave like adults
at the age of seven or eight.
• European people had no concept of childhood
as a separate stage of human life.
• Children are considered as miniature of
adults. This view is known as preformationsim.
The original sin era.
• During sixteenth century the concept of
original sin is developed. Children were
believed to be born evil. So the parenting was
authoritarian. Religious morals was strictly
taught by the parent.
Era of enlightenment.
• During the 17th century the philosophy of
tabula rasa was developed by John Locke.
• Here parents are rational tutors.
• He strictly opposed physical punishment
• According to Rousseau children were not
blank slate to write something by the adults
• Children were active and noble savage.
Indian view of human development.
• Child is considered as God. Children are the
product of previous karma.
Tagore on child.
• He believed to give a natural environment to
he child for growth.
• Gave importance on early childhood
education. Children should always be with
parents and expected to gain basic knowledge
• He criticized stuffing children's mind.
Scientific foundations of the field
• Charles Darwin.
• Development of human being and their
• Natural selection
• And survival of the fittest.
The baby dairies and biographies
• By observing closely the children of close
relatives friends etc.,
• Normative period
• Some kind of standardized tests to observe
the behavior of the child.
Development of first intelliegnce scale
• Alfred Binet developed it. with this he aimed
to find of finding the children with learning
problems and who needed special care and
An early developmental theorist
• James Mark Baldwin said neither environment
nor innate goodness controls the Childs character.
• Nature and nurture both play an equally
• Children’s understanding of their surroundings
develops in a set of stages.
• Develops with simple behavior pattern and later
develops into more complex and abstract
Development of the discipline of
human development in India.
• It has four phase.
• 1. pre –independence.
• 2. early post independence phase1947-1960
• 3.late post- independence phase 1960-1970
• 4. an indigenization phase. 1970------------
Who is Girindrashekhar Bose
• 1887-1953. he was self styled psychoanalyst.
• 1922-1998 Durganand Sinha- he focused on
multifarious issues in psychology.
Human development nature and
• In the development of human being what all
changes takes place
• 5,physicological etc.,
The scientific and applied field
• Human development is became a branch of
scientific study like philosophy, sociology etc.,
Goals of human development
• The major goals of human development are
• 1, description
• 2, explanation
• 3, prediction
• 4 modification of human behaviour
Nature of human development
• Development is a change in physical,
language, intellectual, social and behavior in a
• 1.Development is a life long process
• 2.Development follows a specific sequence
3.Development is irreversible
• 4.development proceeds from general to
• 5. child develops as whole.
• 6 development is cumulative in nature
• 7 development varies from one child to
• 8 biological and environmental context
strongly influence development.