Context clue powerpoint1

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This slide show overviews the typical types of context clues with direct context clues and inferential context clues.

Context clue powerpoint1

  1. 1. Clarifying While Reading What do I do when I don’t understand?
  2. 2. How do you figure out what a word means? Use Context Clues (Outside word strategies) or Deconstruction (Inside word strategies)
  3. 3. Types of Context Clues <ul><li>Very Big Cockroaches Eat Slime </li></ul><ul><li>V isualization, Mood, Tone, Setting </li></ul><ul><li>B ackground experience </li></ul><ul><li>C omparison/contrast </li></ul><ul><li>E xamples, explanations, definitions </li></ul><ul><li>S ynonym, appositive, </li></ul>
  4. 4. Using Visualization to Infer Meaning <ul><li>Imagine the sentence. From your picture decide on the word meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Imagine taking a walk in the woods. In front of you is a deciduous tree. The leave have turned red and are about to fall off. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Background Experience helps Infer Meaning <ul><li>Use information in your background knowledge to understand a word. </li></ul><ul><li>As you continue the walk in the woods, you look up in the trees and notice the dew glistening on the leaves. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Comparison/Contrast Antonym <ul><li>A word meaning the opposite of an unknown word provides a contrast which helps the reader figure out the meaning of the unknown word. </li></ul><ul><li>Signal Words: “contrasted” “while others” “in contrast” “in comparison” “but” </li></ul><ul><li>The jovial actor contrasted the depressed character very well. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Example/Explanation Definition <ul><li>The meaning of the word is explained or an example is given. </li></ul><ul><li>Signal word: “means” “is” - definition </li></ul><ul><li>“ are those who” “for example” “such as” “for instance” “might be” - examples </li></ul><ul><li>“ Deciduous trees are those whose leaves turn colors in the fall.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Synonym or Appositive <ul><li>A synonym gives a similar meaning to the word. Often a synonym is written in the form of an appositive with commas around the synonym. </li></ul><ul><li>Signals: commas; “or” </li></ul><ul><li>The interva l, or gap, between the rings was three seconds. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What context clues are shown? <ul><li>The intensity of the blue gem matched the color of the beautiful blonde’s eyes. When she smiled her alabaster , or white, teeth were striking in contrast to her dark eyes. </li></ul>
  10. 10. What context clue is shown? <ul><li>The land was devastated after the fire. The once beautiful trees were now hideous in comparison. Animals that did not escape the heat were charred . When something is charred, it is burned black like coal. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Notebook Entry <ul><li>Describe what you can remember about each context clue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>V </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Notebook Entry <ul><li>Tell which context clue you used to decide the meaning of the underlined word. Tell what the word means, as well. </li></ul><ul><li>The birds stopped singing. The squirrels ceased their constant chatter. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Notebook Entry <ul><li>Tell which context clue you used to decide the meaning of the underlined word. Tell what the word means, as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Boiling mudflows surged down the mountain. Within minutes, trees were flattened and wildlife disappeared. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Notebook Entry <ul><li>Tell which context clue you used to decide the meaning of the underlined word. Tell what the word means, as well. </li></ul><ul><li>He’d take the artificial blue of a pool and the sting of the chlorine any day. The river smelled of decaying fish. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Notebook Entry <ul><li>Tell which context clue you used to decide the meaning of the underlined word. Tell what the word means, as well. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Be careful with that tree, son,” Tony mimicked, “you might get hurt.” </li></ul>
  16. 16. Notebook Entry <ul><li>Tell which context clue you used to decide the meaning of the underlined word. Tell what the word means, as well. </li></ul><ul><li>He quenched the fires in the path but left the rest to burn. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Notebook Entry <ul><li>Tell which context clue you used to decide the meaning of the underlined word. Tell what the word means, as well. </li></ul><ul><li>I frowned at him and shook my head vigorously . </li></ul>
  18. 18. Notebook Entry <ul><li>Tell which context clue you used to decide the meaning of the underlined word. Tell what the word means, as well. </li></ul><ul><li>The flame symbolized Mother Dove’s origin as a magic bird. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Notebook Entry <ul><li>Tell which context clue you used to decide the meaning of the underlined word. Tell what the word means, as well. </li></ul><ul><li>This wind picked up a copper saucepan and thwacked her on the head with it. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Notebook Entry <ul><li>Tell which context clue you used to decide the meaning of the underlined word. Tell what the word means, as well. </li></ul><ul><li>The Home Tree was swaying like an upside-down pendulum and groaning while it swayed. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Notebook Entry <ul><li>Tell which context clue you used to decide the meaning of the underlined word. Tell what the word means, as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Her glow illuminated just a few inches, and she saw only rain, sheets of rain, almost no space between the drops. </li></ul>

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