NEW CHAPTER Single-Celled Organisms and Viruses CHAPTER Bacteria and protists have the characteristics of living things, w...
Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. kingdom binary fission microorganism SECTION  OUTLI...
Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. kingdom binary fission microorganism SECTION  OUTLI...
Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. kingdom binary fission microorganism SECTION  OUTLI...
Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. kingdom binary fission microorganism SECTION  OUTLI...
Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. kingdom binary fission microorganism SECTION  OUTLI...
Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. kingdom binary fission microorganism SECTION  OUTLI...
microorganism A very small organism that can be seen only with a microscope. Bacteria are examples of microorganisms. KEY ...
kingdom One of six large groupings of living things that have common characteristics. The kingdoms are Plantae, Animalia, ...
binary fission A form of asexual reproduction by which some single-celled organisms reproduce. The genetic material is cop...
virus A nonliving disease-causing particle that uses the materials inside cells to make copies of itself. A virus consists...
Bacteria are single-celled organisms without nuclei. SECTION OUTLINE bacteria archaea producer decomposer parasite •  Bact...
Bacteria are single-celled organisms without nuclei. SECTION OUTLINE bacteria archaea producer decomposer parasite •  Bact...
bacteria A large group of one-celled organisms that sometimes cause disease.  Bacteria  is a plural word; the singular is ...
archaea Single-celled organisms without nuclei that can survive in extreme environments.  Archaea  is a plural word; the s...
producer An organism that captures energy from sunlight and transforms it into chemical energy that is stored in energy-ri...
decomposer An organism that feeds on and breaks down dead plant or animal matter. KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY Bacteria are single-...
parasite An organism that absorbs nutrients from the body of another organism, often harming it in the process. KEY CONCEP...
Viruses are not alive but affect other living things. host cell SECTION OUTLINE A virus consists of genetic material enclo...
Viruses are not alive but affect other living things. host cell SECTION OUTLINE Viruses can not reproduce on their own, bu...
Viruses are not alive but affect other living things. host cell SECTION OUTLINE Viruses can not reproduce on their own, bu...
host cell A cell that a virus infects and uses to make copies of itself. KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY Viruses are not alive but aff...
Protists are a diverse group of organisms. algae SECTION OUTLINE plankton protozoa 1.4 CHAPTER RESOURCES Plantlike algae g...
Protists are a diverse group of organisms. algae SECTION OUTLINE plankton protozoa 1.4 CHAPTER RESOURCES Funguslike protis...
Protists are a diverse group of organisms. algae SECTION OUTLINE plankton protozoa 1.4 CHAPTER RESOURCES Protozoa,  animal...
algae Protists that live mostly in water and use sunlight as a source of energy.  Algae  is a plural word; the singular is...
plankton Mostly microscopic organisms that drift in great numbers through bodies of water. Protists are a diverse group of...
protozoa Animal-like protists that eat other organisms or decaying parts of other organisms.  Protozoa  is a plural word; ...
I.  Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. <ul><ul><li>A. Living things come in many shape...
Bacteria are single-celled organisms without nuclei. II.  Bacteria are single-celled organisms without nuclei. KEY CONCEPT...
Viruses are not alive but affect other living things. III.  Viruses are not alive but affect other living things. <ul><ul>...
Protists are a diverse group of organisms. IV.  Protists are a diverse group of organisms. <ul><ul><li>A. Most protists ar...
Image Gallery CHAPTER HOME Click on the icons to see a larger image or animation. VISUALIZATION Observe the process of bin...
Image Gallery CHAPTER HOME BACK TO IMAGE GALLERY Archaea Bacteria
Image Gallery CHAPTER HOME BACK TO IMAGE GALLERY Capsid Genetic Material
Image Gallery CHAPTER HOME BACK TO IMAGE GALLERY new virus parts empty virus copies of viral DNA bacterial DNA pieces
Image Gallery CHAPTER HOME BACK TO IMAGE GALLERY
Image Gallery CHAPTER HOME BACK TO IMAGE GALLERY
Image Gallery CHAPTER HOME BACK TO IMAGE GALLERY
Image Gallery CHAPTER HOME BACK TO IMAGE GALLERY
Chapter Resources BACK TO CHAPTER Click on the items below to access resources on Standardized Test Practice  Practice sta...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Diversity Chapter 1 - Single-Celled Organisms and Viruses

4,214 views

Published on

This presentation supports chapter 1 of our exploration of diversity of living things.

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,214
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
9
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Please shorten the line for the capsid label so it points only to the outer-most yellow layer.
  • Please shorten the line for the capsid label so it points only to the outer-most yellow layer.
  • Please shorten the line for the capsid label so it points only to the outer-most yellow layer.
  • Diversity Chapter 1 - Single-Celled Organisms and Viruses

    1. 1. NEW CHAPTER Single-Celled Organisms and Viruses CHAPTER Bacteria and protists have the characteristics of living things, while viruses are not alive. Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. Bacteria are single-celled organisms without nuclei. Viruses are not alive but affect other living things. Protists are a diverse group of organisms. 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 the BIG idea CHAPTER OUTLINE CHAPTER RESOURCES
    2. 2. Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. kingdom binary fission microorganism SECTION OUTLINE virus Scientists divide organisms into six kingdoms. All living things, including microorganisms, are organized, grow, reproduce, and respond to the environment. 1.1 CHAPTER RESOURCES Plants
    3. 3. Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. kingdom binary fission microorganism SECTION OUTLINE virus Scientists divide organisms into six kingdoms. All living things, including microorganisms, are organized, grow, reproduce, and respond to the environment. 1.1 CHAPTER RESOURCES Animals
    4. 4. Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. kingdom binary fission microorganism SECTION OUTLINE virus Scientists divide organisms into six kingdoms. All living things, including microorganisms, are organized, grow, reproduce, and respond to the environment. 1.1 CHAPTER RESOURCES Protists
    5. 5. Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. kingdom binary fission microorganism SECTION OUTLINE virus Scientists divide organisms into six kingdoms. All living things, including microorganisms, are organized, grow, reproduce, and respond to the environment. 1.1 CHAPTER RESOURCES Fungi
    6. 6. Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. kingdom binary fission microorganism SECTION OUTLINE virus Scientists divide organisms into six kingdoms. All living things, including microorganisms, are organized, grow, reproduce, and respond to the environment. 1.1 CHAPTER RESOURCES Bacteria
    7. 7. Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. kingdom binary fission microorganism SECTION OUTLINE virus Scientists divide organisms into six kingdoms. All living things, including microorganisms, are organized, grow, reproduce, and respond to the environment. 1.1 CHAPTER RESOURCES Archaea
    8. 8. microorganism A very small organism that can be seen only with a microscope. Bacteria are examples of microorganisms. KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. kingdom binary fission microorganism virus 1.1 CHAPTER RESOURCES
    9. 9. kingdom One of six large groupings of living things that have common characteristics. The kingdoms are Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, Archaea, and Bacteria. KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. kingdom binary fission microorganism virus 1.1 CHAPTER RESOURCES
    10. 10. binary fission A form of asexual reproduction by which some single-celled organisms reproduce. The genetic material is copied, and one cell divides into two independent cells that are each a copy of the original cell. Prokaryotes such as bacteria reproduce by binary fission. KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. kingdom binary fission microorganism virus 1.1 CHAPTER RESOURCES
    11. 11. virus A nonliving disease-causing particle that uses the materials inside cells to make copies of itself. A virus consists of genetic material enclosed in a protein coat. KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. kingdom binary fission microorganism virus 1.1 CHAPTER RESOURCES
    12. 12. Bacteria are single-celled organisms without nuclei. SECTION OUTLINE bacteria archaea producer decomposer parasite • Bacteria and archaea are the smallest living things. • Archaea and bacteria are found in many environments. • Bacteria may help or harm other organisms. 1.2 CHAPTER RESOURCES Archaea Bacteria
    13. 13. Bacteria are single-celled organisms without nuclei. SECTION OUTLINE bacteria archaea producer decomposer parasite • Bacteria and archaea are the smallest living things. • Archaea and bacteria are found in many environments. • Bacteria may help or harm other organisms. 1.2 CHAPTER RESOURCES VISUALIZATION Observe the process of binary fission.
    14. 14. bacteria A large group of one-celled organisms that sometimes cause disease. Bacteria is a plural word; the singular is bacterium . KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY Bacteria are single-celled organisms without nuclei. bacteria archaea producer decomposer parasite 1.2 CHAPTER RESOURCES
    15. 15. archaea Single-celled organisms without nuclei that can survive in extreme environments. Archaea is a plural word; the singular is archaeon . KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY Bacteria are single-celled organisms without nuclei. bacteria archaea producer decomposer parasite 1.2 CHAPTER RESOURCES
    16. 16. producer An organism that captures energy from sunlight and transforms it into chemical energy that is stored in energy-rich carbon compounds. Producers are a source of food for other organisms. KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY Bacteria are single-celled organisms without nuclei. bacteria archaea producer decomposer parasite 1.2 CHAPTER RESOURCES
    17. 17. decomposer An organism that feeds on and breaks down dead plant or animal matter. KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY Bacteria are single-celled organisms without nuclei. bacteria archaea producer decomposer parasite 1.2 CHAPTER RESOURCES
    18. 18. parasite An organism that absorbs nutrients from the body of another organism, often harming it in the process. KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY Bacteria are single-celled organisms without nuclei. bacteria archaea producer decomposer parasite 1.2 CHAPTER RESOURCES
    19. 19. Viruses are not alive but affect other living things. host cell SECTION OUTLINE A virus consists of genetic material enclosed in a protein coat. 1.3 CHAPTER RESOURCES Capsid Genetic Material
    20. 20. Viruses are not alive but affect other living things. host cell SECTION OUTLINE Viruses can not reproduce on their own, but they use materials within living cells to make copies of themselves. A virus consists of genetic material enclosed in a protein coat. 1.3 CHAPTER RESOURCES new virus parts empty virus copies of viral DNA bacterial DNA pieces
    21. 21. Viruses are not alive but affect other living things. host cell SECTION OUTLINE Viruses can not reproduce on their own, but they use materials within living cells to make copies of themselves. A virus consists of genetic material enclosed in a protein coat. 1.3 CHAPTER RESOURCES VISUALIZATION See how viruses infect and multiply within bacteria. CLASSZONE.COM
    22. 22. host cell A cell that a virus infects and uses to make copies of itself. KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY Viruses are not alive but affect other living things. host cell 1.3 CHAPTER RESOURCES
    23. 23. Protists are a diverse group of organisms. algae SECTION OUTLINE plankton protozoa 1.4 CHAPTER RESOURCES Plantlike algae get energy from sunlight.
    24. 24. Protists are a diverse group of organisms. algae SECTION OUTLINE plankton protozoa 1.4 CHAPTER RESOURCES Funguslike protists are decomposers.
    25. 25. Protists are a diverse group of organisms. algae SECTION OUTLINE plankton protozoa 1.4 CHAPTER RESOURCES Protozoa, animal-like protists, eat other organisms.
    26. 26. algae Protists that live mostly in water and use sunlight as a source of energy. Algae is a plural word; the singular is alga . Protists are a diverse group of organisms. KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY algae plankton protozoa 1.4 CHAPTER RESOURCES
    27. 27. plankton Mostly microscopic organisms that drift in great numbers through bodies of water. Protists are a diverse group of organisms. KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY algae plankton protozoa 1.4 CHAPTER RESOURCES
    28. 28. protozoa Animal-like protists that eat other organisms or decaying parts of other organisms. Protozoa is a plural word; the singular is protozoan . Protists are a diverse group of organisms. KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY algae plankton protozoa 1.4 CHAPTER RESOURCES
    29. 29. I. Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. <ul><ul><li>A. Living things come in many shapes and sizes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Living things need energy, materials, and living space. </li></ul></ul>KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY <ul><ul><ul><li>1. Organization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Growth </li></ul></ul></ul>Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. <ul><ul><ul><li>3. Reproduction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4. Response </li></ul></ul></ul>kingdom binary fission microorganism virus <ul><ul><li>B. Living things share common characteristics. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D. Viruses are not alive. </li></ul></ul>1.1 CHAPTER RESOURCES
    30. 30. Bacteria are single-celled organisms without nuclei. II. Bacteria are single-celled organisms without nuclei. KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY <ul><ul><li>A. Bacteria and archaea are the smallest living things. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Helpful Bacteria </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Harmful Bacteria </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Archaea and bacteria are found in many environments. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C. Bacteria may help or harm other organisms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Archaea </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Bacteria </li></ul></ul></ul>bacteria archaea producer decomposer parasite 1.2 CHAPTER RESOURCES
    31. 31. Viruses are not alive but affect other living things. III. Viruses are not alive but affect other living things. <ul><ul><li>A. Viruses share some characteristics with living things. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Viruses multiply inside living cells. </li></ul></ul>KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY host cell <ul><ul><li>C. Viruses may harm host cells. </li></ul></ul>1.3 CHAPTER RESOURCES
    32. 32. Protists are a diverse group of organisms. IV. Protists are a diverse group of organisms. <ul><ul><li>A. Most protists are single-celled. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Protists obtain their energy in three ways. </li></ul></ul>KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY algae plankton protozoa <ul><ul><li>1. Algae </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Protozoa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Other Protists </li></ul></ul>1.4 CHAPTER RESOURCES
    33. 33. Image Gallery CHAPTER HOME Click on the icons to see a larger image or animation. VISUALIZATION Observe the process of binary fission. VISUALIZATION See how viruses infect and multiply within bacteria. CLASSZONE.COM
    34. 34. Image Gallery CHAPTER HOME BACK TO IMAGE GALLERY Archaea Bacteria
    35. 35. Image Gallery CHAPTER HOME BACK TO IMAGE GALLERY Capsid Genetic Material
    36. 36. Image Gallery CHAPTER HOME BACK TO IMAGE GALLERY new virus parts empty virus copies of viral DNA bacterial DNA pieces
    37. 37. Image Gallery CHAPTER HOME BACK TO IMAGE GALLERY
    38. 38. Image Gallery CHAPTER HOME BACK TO IMAGE GALLERY
    39. 39. Image Gallery CHAPTER HOME BACK TO IMAGE GALLERY
    40. 40. Image Gallery CHAPTER HOME BACK TO IMAGE GALLERY
    41. 41. Chapter Resources BACK TO CHAPTER Click on the items below to access resources on Standardized Test Practice Practice state standardized tests Math Tutorial Review math concepts Resource Centers Get more information on select science topics Content Review Review key concepts and vocabulary Audio Readings Hear chapter audio readings CHAPTER HOME Animations Link to all the McDougal Littell Science animations Review Game Play a fun interactive review game Image Gallery Click here to review chapter images and animations CLASSZONE.COM

    ×