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Issues in disasters for health professionals

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Guest speaker for the Princess Alexandra Hospital, Disaster Response Services, Brisbane, Queensland, 10th August.

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology
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Issues in disasters for health professionals

  1. 1. ISSUES IN DISASTERS FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONALS Jamie Ranse Assistant Professor University of Canberra www.jamieranse.com twitter.com/jamieranse youtube.com/jamieranse linkedin.com/in/jamieranse Img: http://www.city.natori.miyagi.jp/en/image/DSC_5241.jpg
  2. 2. overview <ul><li>Define disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness </li></ul><ul><li>Ability </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Role </li></ul><ul><li>Other ‘things ’ </li></ul>Img: http://www.prcs.org.pk/disaster.asp
  3. 3. disaster definition
  4. 4. disaster definition <ul><li>Cyclone Tracy, 1974 </li></ul><ul><li>Granville train crash and bridge collapse, 1977 </li></ul><ul><li>Ash Wednesday, 1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Newcastle earthquake, 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Canberra bushfires, 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Black Saturday and Victorian bushfires, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Pandemic (H1N1), 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Queensland and Victorian extreme weather events, 2011 </li></ul>
  5. 5. disaster definition <ul><li>SARS outbreak, 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Ocean tsunami, 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Bali bombings, 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Java earthquake, 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Yogyakarta air crash, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>SIEV explosion Ashmore Reef, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Pacific tsunami, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan floods, 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>SIEV sinking Christmas Island, 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Christchurch Earthquake, 2011 </li></ul>
  6. 6. willingness
  7. 7. ability
  8. 8. education <ul><li>Undergraduate </li></ul><ul><li>In-service </li></ul><ul><li>Post-graduate </li></ul>
  9. 9. aim Describe the disaster content in post-graduate emergency nursing programs in Australia Img http://tenancyplus.blogspot.com/2011/06/natural-disasters-and-their-effect-on.html
  10. 10. method <ul><li>Descriptive and exploratory </li></ul><ul><li>Tertiary emergency nursing programs in 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Course convenors </li></ul><ul><li>Structured telephone interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Convenor </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster content </li></ul><ul><li>Changes </li></ul>
  11. 11. results: course content overview <ul><li>Graduates </li></ul><ul><li>32 per year, per course (9 – 80) </li></ul><ul><li>Course delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Face-to-face, online, blended and self-directed </li></ul><ul><li>Content related to disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Yes: 7 (70%) </li></ul><ul><li>No: 3 (30%) </li></ul>
  12. 12. results: disaster content overview <ul><li>Elements of disaster content in courses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community and public health response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-hospital response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hospital response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disaster triage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disaster exercises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incident systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nursing role in disaster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications Techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management of the dead and dying </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disaster plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Role of other organisations in disaster response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mental health in relation to disasters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Populations with specific needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of disasters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples of disasters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health effects of disasters </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. discussion <ul><li>Convenors experience varies </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster not discussed in all programs </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster content varied in all programs </li></ul>
  14. 14. education <ul><li>Undergraduate </li></ul><ul><li>In-service </li></ul><ul><li>Post-graduate </li></ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul><ul><li>Competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Educational preparedness </li></ul>
  15. 15. resources <ul><li>Disasters happen out of hours </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Pack the car full’ </li></ul><ul><li>Defence </li></ul>
  16. 16. role
  17. 17. project 1: results mock disaster type
  18. 18. project 1: results roles
  19. 19. project 2: results role
  20. 20. role
  21. 21. other ‘things’ <ul><li>Volunteering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disaster tourists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government / registered NGO? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your employer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A list? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Response versus recovery </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. ISSUES IN DISASTERS FOR HEALTH PROFESSIONALS Jamie Ranse Assistant Professor University of Canberra www.jamieranse.com twitter.com/jamieranse youtube.com/jamieranse linkedin.com/in/jamieranse Img: http://www.city.natori.miyagi.jp/en/image/DSC_5241.jpg

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