Fractures Chapter 4

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A description of four fractures

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Fractures Chapter 4

  1. 1. FRACTURES <br />By: Jessica Kontopoulos<br />Biology 120 Chapter 4<br />Professor: R Abdullah<br />
  2. 2. Fracture- Definition <br />A fracture is a complete or incomplete break in a bone resulting from the application of excessive force.<br />Closed (Simple)- a fracture with no open skin wound<br />Open (Compound)- a fracture in which the skin has been broken through to the fracture.<br />I will discuss the following fractures Colles’ ,Greenstick, Pathological, and Comminuted<br />
  3. 3. Fracture Overview<br />Fractures cause pain and swelling.<br />Complications may involve damage to nerves, blood vessels, muscles, and internal organs and can be serious.<br />Most are diagnosed by x-rays, CT or MRI<br />Treatments range from mild restrictions on activity to casts or surgery.<br />Rehabilitation is helpful to build strength and range<br />Vary greatly in size and severity<br />
  4. 4. Colles’ Fracture <br />A distal fracture of the radius in the forearm with dorsal (posterior) displacement of the wrist.<br />Commonly referred to as “dinner fork deformity” due to it’s shape<br />Occurs in all ages but elderly patients are more prone.<br />Usually caused by a fall or over use<br />Treated with cast or immobilization of the area<br />
  5. 5. Greenstick Fracture <br />A fracture which there is an incomplete break; one side is broken while the other side is bent<br />Most common in children due to softer and flexible bones<br />Can be difficult to diagnose <br />Treatment is usually immobilization of the bone<br />
  6. 6. Pathological Fracture <br />A fracture that is caused by a disease or weakness to the bone<br />Most common caused by tumors, cysts, infections, and inherited done disorders<br />Most fractures occur when patient is doing normal day to day activity<br />Treatment can be more difficult because you must treat the underlying disease as well as the fracture<br />
  7. 7. Comminuted Fracture <br />A fracture in which the bone is shattered, splintered, or crushed into many small pieces or fragments<br />Can occur anywhere along the length of the bone<br />Most common in elderly people or in people with conditions which weaken the bones, <br />Most often as a result of car accident or severe fall<br />Can easily become infected<br />Treatment may include the use of several pins to fuse bones together<br />
  8. 8. Conclusion <br /> There are many different types of fractures and many times treatment methods can differ depending on a many variables such as size of fracture, location, age of patient, patients current health status.<br />
  9. 9. References<br />Fremgen, B. F. (2009). Medical Terminology A living language fourth edition. New Jersey: Pearson Education.<br />http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/oblique+fracture<br /> <br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colles%27_fracture<br /> <br />http://orthopedics.about.com/cs/brokenbones/g/pathologic.htm<br />http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec24/ch299666/ch299666a.html<br />

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