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Female reproductive system


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Female reproductive system

  1. 1. Female Reproductive System<br />Jessica Kontopoulos<br />BIO 120<br />Professor: R Abdullah<br />
  2. 2. Gynecology<br />The study of the female reproductive system in the medical specialty of Gynecology<br />
  3. 3. Gynecology<br />Gynecology is the study of the female reproductive system such as the uterus, vagina and ovaries.<br />Almost all modern gynecologists are also obstetricians <br />Most Common Conditions that a Gynecologist deals with are:<br />Cancer and pre-cancerous diseases of the reproductive organs<br />Incontinence of urine.<br />Amenorrhea or absence of menstrual periods<br />Dysmenorrhea or painful menstrual periods<br />Infertility<br />Menorrhagia or heavy menstrual periods<br />Prolapse of pelvic organs<br />Infections such as fungal, bacterial, viral or protozoal<br />
  4. 4. Endometruim<br />The inner lining of the uterus is called theEndometrium<br />
  5. 5. Endometruim<br />The inner lining of the uterus<br />It contains a rich blood supply and reacts to hormonal changes every month that prepare it to receive a fertilized ovum. <br />In a normal pregnancy the fertilized ovum implants in the endometrium which provides nourishment and protection to the fetus.<br />If pregnancy is not established, the endometrium is sloughed off resulting in menstruation<br />
  6. 6. Uterus<br />The organ in which the developing fetus resides is called the Uterus<br />
  7. 7. Uterus<br />An internal organ of the female reproductive system<br />Also known as the womb<br />Is hollow and pear-shaped<br />Located in the lower pelvic cavity between the urinary bladder and rectum<br />Provides protections and nourishment to growing fetus<br />Divided into three regions; fundus, corpus and cervix <br />
  8. 8. OVUM<br />The female sex cell is a(n) Ovum.<br />
  9. 9. Ovum<br />An ovum in Latin means “egg”<br />The ovum is the largest cell in the human body<br />It is the haploid female reproductive cell, or gamete<br />Ova are made and released by a female's ovaries <br />At birth, a female has all of her eggs, and from puberty releases an egg once a month until none are left. This is called oogenesis.<br />When the ovum is fertilized by sperm, it becomes a zygote, which develops a new organism<br /> The ovum is fertilized inside the female body, and the embryo then develops inside the uterus being nourished by the mothers placenta.<br />
  10. 10. References<br />Fremgen, B. F. (2009). Medical Terminology A living language fourth edition. New Jersey: Pearson Education.<br /><br /><br /><br />