Political Parties & Movements

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Political Parties & Movements

  1. 1. Political Parties & Movements
  2. 2. Socialism <ul><li>Advocates public or direct worker ownership of the means of production </li></ul><ul><li>All resources owned by the state </li></ul><ul><li>Equal access to resources for all individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Believes capitalism unfairly concentrates power and wealth among a small segment of society </li></ul><ul><li>Tiered system of social classes </li></ul><ul><li>No private property </li></ul><ul><li>1984 – George Orwell </li></ul>
  3. 4. Socialism <ul><li>“A government that is capable of giving you all that you need is powerful enough to take everything you have.” </li></ul>
  4. 5. Communism <ul><li>A nation in which the government owns large industries/businesses, and land </li></ul><ul><li>The goal is to produce a classless society </li></ul><ul><li>Based on common ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Origin: 19 th Century, Western Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: China & Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Famous Names </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Joseph Stalin </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Communist Leaders <ul><li>MARX </li></ul><ul><li>LENIN </li></ul><ul><li>STALIN </li></ul><ul><li>CASTRO </li></ul><ul><li>PING </li></ul>
  6. 7. Fascism <ul><li>Believe that nations are in perpetual conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Only the strong can survive </li></ul><ul><li>“Single-Party State” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forbids and suppresses openness and opposition to the fascist movement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Authoritarian movement that ruled Italy from 1922-1943 </li></ul>
  7. 8. Most Notable… <ul><li>Benito Mussolini </li></ul><ul><li>Adolf Hitler </li></ul>
  8. 9. Nazi Party <ul><li>A totalitarian ideology </li></ul><ul><li>Is considered a form of fascism </li></ul><ul><li>Included left wing and right wing politics </li></ul><ul><li>January, 1919 – The party formed under the name of “German Workers’ Party” by Anton Drexler </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler joined in September of that year </li></ul><ul><li>Published Mein Kampf (My Struggle) </li></ul>
  9. 10. Nazi Party <ul><li>As Hitler came up through the ranks to become the leader </li></ul><ul><li>The party took on his own beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Three basic ideals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Darwinism (competition) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-Semitism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany needed to acquire land from Russia </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Green Movement <ul><li>Places high importance on environmental goals </li></ul><ul><li>Grassroots groups </li></ul><ul><li>Early 1980’s </li></ul>

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