Science Final Study Guide – Part I
Electricity and Magnetism
Define the term magnet.
How do magnetic poles interact with each other?
What are magnetic field lines?
Compare and contract single magnetic fields and combined magnetic fields.
Define the term atom.
What three parts make up an atom?
What is the electron spin?
What is the importance of magnetic domains?
What is a ferromagnetic material?
What are some ways that you can create a magnet?
How can you destroy a magnet?
What type of static charges repeal or attract each other?
Define static electricity.
Explain charging by friction.
Explain charging by conduction.
Explain charging by induction.
Explain how static discharge works.
Define electric current.
How does an electric circuit work?
What are conductors and insulators?
Explain the factors that determine resistance of electrical flow.
What does Ohm’s Law state?
Compare and contrast series and parallel circuits.
What is a solenoid and how is it made?
What is an electromagnet?
What are the three parts to an electric motor? (page 88)
Science Final Study Guide – Part II
Sound and Light
Define wave, energy, and medium.
What is a mechanical wave?
What is a transverse wave?
What are the two parts that make up a transverse wave?
What is a longitudinal wave?
What are the two parts that make up a longitudinal wave?
Explain how to find the amplitude in transverse and longitudinal waves.
Define wavelength and frequency.
Contrast reflection and refraction.
What is diffraction?
Compare and contrast destructive and constructive interference.
Explain how resonance works.
What is a seismic wave?
Compare and contrast P and S waves.
What is a surface wave?
What type of tool is used to measure seismic waves?
Explain what sound is.
How does reflection and diffraction work in sound waves?
What are the three factors that determine the speed of sound?
What are the two factors that determine loudness?
What determines the pitch of a sound?
Explain the Doppler Effect.
What is acoustics?
What is an electromagnetic wave?
What makes up the electromagnetic spectrum?
Explain how light interacts with transparent, translucent, and opaque materials.
Explain how we see color.
Define primary and secondary colors.
Compare and contrast regular and diffuse reflection.
Define optical axis and focal point.
Science Final Study Guide – Part III
What is topography?
Define elevation, relief, and landforms.
What is a Mercator projection?
What is an equal-area projection?
What is a Conic projection?
What does a topographic map show?
What is a contour interval?
What is mechanical weathering?
Explain the process ice wedging.
What is chemical weathering?
What are some factors that aid to chemical weathering?
What materials make up soil?
What is a horizon?
What is humus?
How can soil lose its value?
What major factors caused the Dust Bowl?