GuptaThe rulers of the Gupta Empire were efficient administrators who knew how to govern with a firm hand
Gupta Empire• Chandragupta (319 - 335 A.D): Chandragupta was a very powerful Gupta ruler who waged many battles to attain his title. He married Kumaradevi after which the Gupta dynasty came into eminence. He assumed the title of Maharajadiraja, which means king of kings.• Samudragupta (335 - 375 A.D): Samudragupta was the son and successor of Chandragupta. Samudragupta was popularly known as the "Indian Napoleon" as he conquered many territories without making much of an effort. It is said that after Emperor Ashoka, the empire of Samudragupta was the supreme. The coins found in excavation reveal much information about his empire. He performed the Asvamedha Yagna and gained much fame and power. During his reign, many great discoveries and advancements were made in different fields like astronomy, mathematics, medicine, etc.• Chandragupta II (375 - 414 A.D): Also known by the name of Vikramaditya, Chandragupta II was chosen by his father as the successor and the future ruler. Chandragupta II was an able ruler and a great conqueror. His conquest of the peninsula of Saurashtra via the Arabian Sea is considered to be one of his greatest military successes. With the annexation of Saurashtra and Malwa, he opened up sea ports to facilitate trade and commerce. His capital city was Pataliputra.• Kumaragupta I (415 - 455 AD): Kumaragupta ruled for forty years and he was considered to be one of the most powerful rulers of the Gupta Period. He was known by different names such as, Shri Mahendra, Ajita Mahendra, Simha Mahendra,
Akkadian EmpireThe Akkadian Empire (2334 BC to 2083 BC) was an empire centered in the city of Akkad and its surrounding region (in Ancient Iraq). The Akkadian state was the predecessor of the ethnic Akkadian states of Babylonia and Assyria; formed following centuries of Akkadian cultural synergy with others, it reached the height of its power between the 24th and 22nd centuries BC following the conquests of king Sargon of Akkad, and is sometimes regarded as the first manifestation of an empire in history. • It was the first empire to manifest on the earth. • It reached record breaking size of its time and is considered the largest empire of dark ancient era – 0.8 million km2 (2250 BC)
Achaemenid EmpireThe Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BC), also known as the Persian Empire, was the successor state of the Median Empire, ruling over significant portions of what would become Greater Iran. The Persian and the Median Empire taken together are also known as the Medo- Persian Empire, which encompassed the combined territories of several earlier empires. The empire was forged by Cyrus the Great, and spanned three continents: Asia, Africa and Empire Achaemenid Europe. At its greatest extent, the empire included the territories of Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan, parts of Central Asia, Asia Minor, Thrace and Macedonia, much of the Black Sea coastal regions, Iraq, northern Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, and all significant population centers of ancient Egypt as far west as Libya. It is noted in western history as the foe of the Greek city states during the Greco- Persian Wars, for emancipation of slaves including the Jews from their Babylonian captivity, and for instituting the usage of official languages throughout its territories. The Achaemenid Persian empire was invaded by Alexander III of Macedon, after which it collapsed and disintegrated in 330 BC into what later became the Ptolemaic Kingdom and Seleucid Empire, in addition to other minor territories which gained independence after its collapse.• It was the largest empire in ancient history. At the height of its power, the empire encompassed approximately 8 million km2• In universal history the role of the Persian empire founded by Cyrus the Great lies in their very successful model for centralized administration and a government working to the advantage and profit of all.
Roman &Persian Empire The Persian Empire started in modern day Iran ( Land of the Aryans). Three of the major horse-riding , Indo-European speaking peoples who arrived from completed their The Persians would thus appear not to have Central Asia into the Iraniannot settlethe Assyrian period,monarchy much plateau in and it is migrations till near the close of probable that they did into an organizedThe Roman Empire was the post- thephase of the ancientRepublican second millennium infall of Nineveh. where Elamites ( who spokeIran at this before the time was B.C. Iran, The mostthe area in a non- Indo- western were advanced European language ) founded Susa around 4000 developed aRomanMedes , characterized by ancuneiform based script and had zigguartthe simB.C. and hadilar civilization, the Persians ( Parsa ) and temples to those Mesopotamiaautocratic form of government andlarge territorial holdings.in Europe and Scythians The original homeland of thearoundPersians is regarded to be in the Fars the Mediterranean. The RomanRepublic, which preceded it, had beenweakened and subverted through Iran. The Old Persian area of southernseveralword for the area was Parsa, from which civil wars. Several events arecommonly proposed to mark thetransition from Republic to Empire, derived.The earliest the word Persia is appearance of the Persians in history is inincluding Julius Caesar’s appointmentas perpetual dictator (44 BC), theBattle of Actium (2 September 31 BC), the Assyrian kings, the inscriptions of
Why Where There Empires?According to literature, Rome was founded in 753 BC by the twins named Romulus and Remus. They built their settlements on the Palatine and Aventine hills respectively. (Rome sits on seven hills.) Remus grew jealous of Romulus and mocked the size of the walls he had built, so Romulus killed him. He then named the city after himself and was crowned king. Whether or not this