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Writing for success


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Writing Process

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Writing for success

  1. 1. Writing for Success The Writing Process, Genres, and Scoring/Rubric Use
  2. 2. The Importance of Writing <ul><li>Writing amongst school-aged children attending Edison schools should consist of 20-25 minutes each day. </li></ul><ul><li>The focal point of the writing component is to ensure each student is writing effectively at their specific grade level. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Writing Process <ul><li>Prewriting </li></ul><ul><li>Drafting </li></ul><ul><li>Editing </li></ul><ul><li>Revising </li></ul><ul><li>Publishing </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Writing Schedule <ul><li>Monday: Brainstorming/Prewriting </li></ul><ul><li>Tuesday: Drafting </li></ul><ul><li>Wednesday: Editing/Peer Editing </li></ul><ul><li>Thursday: Revising </li></ul><ul><li>Friday: Publishing (Finish Product) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Prewriting/Brainstorming <ul><li>Prewriting consists of brainstorming ideas to organize writing information in an orderly fashion. </li></ul><ul><li>During this process the students use different types of graphic organizers as a guide to enhance the organization of their written work. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Drafting <ul><li>The draft is the entire text wrapped version of the essay. </li></ul><ul><li>The main purpose of drafting is to organize the information you are planning to use on paper. </li></ul><ul><li>When drafting encourage students to avoid worrying about the order in which the information appears, but be sure to change it later during the revising process. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Editing <ul><li>During the editing phase, the students make minor corrections that will “polish up” their writing. </li></ul><ul><li>When students peer-edit, they assist with minor adjustments using another’s written work. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Revising <ul><li>A successful final draft relies heavily on the revising process. </li></ul><ul><li>When revising, the student are to make sure the changes made will improve the power of the paper. </li></ul><ul><li>*Remember, encourage the students to only make changes with good reasons. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Publishing <ul><li>The publishing phase of the writing process if the final draft. </li></ul><ul><li>This phase displays the written work with all the corrections made from the original version. </li></ul><ul><li>Allow students to compare the original version to the final copy to see how the writing improve while use this process. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Forms of Writing <ul><li>Personal Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Expository Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Narrative Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Persuasive Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Poetry </li></ul>
  11. 11. Personal Writing <ul><li>Journals: personal record of writing thoughts, feelings, observations, and ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Notes and Cards: Thank You Notes, Birthday cards, and Get-Well Cards </li></ul><ul><li>Friendly Letters: Informal letter written to someone you know or admire </li></ul><ul><li>Business Letters: Formal letters written to a professional person or company </li></ul><ul><li>Writing a Memo: written reminders </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Minutes: official notes from a meeting </li></ul>
  12. 12. Expository Writing <ul><li>Summary: A shortened version from another piece of writing </li></ul><ul><li>Analyzing Fiction: Deepening understanding of text in different ways </li></ul><ul><li>Analyzing Nonfiction: Explain the main and important supporting points in nonfiction text </li></ul><ul><li>Writing a Book Review: Explain a book’s plot and characters, the message the author is sending </li></ul><ul><li>Explaining a Process and giving Directions: Giving directions to pass along to another reader </li></ul><ul><li>Writing a News Story: Writing about real events that takes place in society. </li></ul><ul><li>Expository Essay: Presents information about a specific subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Writing a Research Report: Sharing information gained through research </li></ul>
  13. 13. Narrative Writing <ul><li>Personal Narrative: A story about what happen to you. </li></ul><ul><li>Autobiography: A story about one person’s life, written by that person. </li></ul><ul><li>Biography: A story about someone else’s life written by another person. </li></ul><ul><li>Realistic Story: Stories that have characters and settings that seem real. </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Fiction: Stories that are part history and part fiction. </li></ul><ul><li>Science Fiction and Fantasy: Stories that focus on science and technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Myth: A story that explains how things came to be as they are in different cultures. </li></ul><ul><li>Play: A narrative plan for a theatrical performance. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Descriptive Writing <ul><li>Writing a Description: Writing that describes something such as memorable events, people, such as characters in a story. </li></ul><ul><li>Writing an Observation Report: Reports based on what you can observe with your own senses. Examples: restaurants, school cafeteria, your room, or simply outdoors. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Persuasive Writing <ul><li>Persuasive Writing: An article or essay that persuades or influences others to think, feel, or act in a certain way. </li></ul><ul><li>Persuasive in Advertising: Producing advertisements on television, radio, billboards, and the Internet to sell a product. </li></ul><ul><li>Writing a Letter to the Editor: Sharing you opinions with others in a magazine through a letter to an editor. </li></ul><ul><li>Editorials and Editorial Cartoons: Editorials states an opinion about a current topic or interest. </li></ul><ul><li>Writing a Persuasive Report: Reports that tries to convince others to act, think, and fell a certain way. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Poetry <ul><li>Rhyming Poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Non-rhyming Poetry </li></ul>
  17. 17. Rhyming Poetry <ul><li>Sound and Pattern: Poems using patterns such as alliteration </li></ul><ul><li>Imagery: Using figurative language to create pictures and images in the reader’s mind. </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Forms: couplet, triplet, quatrain, ballad, lyric, and internal rhyme </li></ul>
  18. 18. Non-rhyming Poetry <ul><li>Cinquain: A poem made using five lines. </li></ul><ul><li>Diamante’: A poem that uses several versions by following a certain number of words in each line, but is shape like a diamond. </li></ul><ul><li>Haiku: is an unrhymed poem with three lines, and seventeen syllables. </li></ul><ul><li>Free Verse: A poem that uses free rhythm of natural speech (It has no specific rules). </li></ul>
  19. 19. Rubrics <ul><li>Rubrics are a set of criteria and standards linked to learning objectives that is used to assess student’s performance on a paper, project, essay, and etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Rubrics are often used in alternatives assessments in education, but establish written guidelines. </li></ul><ul><li>By sharing scoring rubrics with students they become aware of the expected standards and thus know what counts as quality. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Kindergarten Writing Rubric It ends with a punctuation mark/ending mark Finger spaces Makes sense It starts with a capital letter Yes <ul><li>Check each box if the rule applies </li></ul>
  21. 21. 1 st /2 nd Grade Writing Rubric 5 points Total 1 point The sentence (s) makes sense 1point The sentence has finger spaces between the words 1 point Ends with correct punctuation marks 1 point Begins with a capital letter and proper nouns are capitalized
  22. 22. Intermediate Writing Rubric There are major mistakes in capitalization, usage, punctuation, and spelling. *Few sentences are complete There are several mistakes in capitalization, usage, punctuation, and spelling. *Most sentences are complete There are minor mistakes in capitalization, usage, punctuation, and spelling. *All sentences are complete There are no mistakes in capitalization, usage, punctuation, and spelling. *All sentences are complete Cups Is written for a specific audience or purpose Is written for an audience or purpose, but not both Is clearly written for a specific audience and purpose, but details are missing Is clearly written for a specific audience and purpose Audience & Purpose Tries to talk about the topic, but does not complete the thought Sometimes stays on topic, but missing a focus and good details Stays on topic and gives details/examples Stays on topics and gives clear details/examples Supporting Details Is missing a main idea Is missing a main idea Has a main idea Has a clear main idea Main Idea Is missing a beginning, middle, and or end Has a beginning, middle, and end Has a beginning, middle, and end Has a clear beginning, middle, and end Organization
  23. 23. The End