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Adaptations to Improve Participation in Meaningful Activities

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Adaptations to improve participation in meaningful activities for those with brain injuries. Presented by Xavier University Occupational Therapy students

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Adaptations to Improve Participation in Meaningful Activities

  1. 1. Adaptations to Improve Participation in Meaningful Activities
  2. 2. Win – Win Need 1 to go on for Basketball Survivors learn – Students learn Students teach – Survivors teach
  3. 3. Roles & Success Cognitive Sensory & Motor Mood & social Physical Socio- Cultural economic Tasks Person Environment
  4. 4. Medication Management Simple Strategies/Modifications to make medication management easier: • Consider using a daily alarm on a smart phone. • Try visual cues, such as a chart. • Ask for enlarged font on pill bottles. • Integrating medications into your daily routine. • Use a pill box or automatic pill dispenser to organize medication. (Sanders & Van Oss, 2013) Rose and Beth
  5. 5. Cooking • Use a timer • Find easy and short recipes • Tag Item and cabinets in the kitchen • Place reminders around the kitchen to turn off appliances • Make grocery lists and how to prepare them • Find food with limited preparation needed (pre-cut veggies) • Use adaptive equipment (rocker knife, one handed can opener) and dycem/non-skid surfaces to help stabilize objects when using one handed techniques Mary, Tori and Shannon http://www.braininj uryguide.org/recip es/mealideas.html
  6. 6. Pet Care Robot Dogs (Banks, Willoughby, & Banks, 2008) Kyle & Emily (Banks, Willoughby, & Banks, 2008) Modifications Benefits Considerations
  7. 7. Gardening and Lawn Care Perennials Raised Beds Wagenfeld, A., & By Rachelle King and Briana O’Neill Garden Seats Ergonomic Tools Buresh, B. (2012). Ergonomic gardening: Teaching safe movement patterns.
  8. 8. Grocery Shopping Modifications: Preparation is key! Working with people with TBI: Toolkit B –promoting independence http://www.tbistafftraining.info/ToolkitB/S14/S14.0.html Tomato Soup Emily & Kellie 1) Develop a menu plan 2) Develop a shopping list • Fruit • Vegetables • Dairy • Meat • Frozen item • Toiletries • Cleaning supplies 3) Shopping • Location & time of day • Transportation • Location of items • Store layout • Cash, credit, check Oatmeal Chicken Fingers
  9. 9. Exercise Be careful! Avoid exercises that overload joints & increase risk of falling, wear protective head gear if cycling, use proper body mechanics & wider base of support. Other modifications: Exercise with less people around, have workout buddy, start slow & gradually progress, take frequent breaks, utilize calendar & workout videos, & use bright tape on equipment for visual awareness. Stage 1: Swimming, walking, elliptical, cycling Stage 2: Resistance machine circuit, yoga, spinning Stage 3: Zumba, aerobics, boot camps, personal training Stage 4: CrossFit, kettlebell training, lifting, plyometrics Stage 5: Personal training with little to no restrictions on intensity (Brainline, 2014; Medscape, 2010; Waryasz & Tambone, 2013) Rachel & Stephanie
  10. 10. Making a change • Decide something that you want to change • Consider your skills & limitations • Consider the environment • Consider the task • Plan for success
  11. 11. Survivor’s input: • What else have you used that was successful? • What did NOT work for you and why? • What should we tell future clients who have had a stroke?
  12. 12. Please Help the Students! • Range of motion of shoulder/elbow/wrist • Assess muscle tone • Survey of your daily routine activities • General arm/hand coordination skills • Pain
  13. 13. Collaborate, Innovate, Educate. Our motto! Thank YOU!
  14. 14. Collaborate, Innovate, Educate Thank YOU!

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