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Connectors

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Connectors are words or group of words that join words, phrases, or sentences.

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Connectors

  1. 1. FRANCISCO DE MIRANDA UNIVERSITY EDUCATION SCIENCES ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROGRAM ENGLISH MAJOR October, 2015 Teacher: Licda. Josmary Cuauro
  2. 2. A connector is a Word that is used to join Words or sentences. (and, as well as, but, or, yet, nevertheless, however, so that, as long as, while, until, as if, because, after, though, before) Examples: A boy and a girl A toy or a book The music was loud nevertheless it was enjoyable
  3. 3. TYPES OF CONNECTOR Is aWord that connects words, phrases, or clauses of equal importance in a sentence.The most common coordinating conjunctions are: and, but, or, for and nor.  Use a comma with a co-ordinating conjunction to connect two independent clauses in a compund sentence.  Avoid writing sentences that contain too many co-ordinating conjuctions between independent clauses. Use of “AND”: • Is used as a conjunction when the Word or phrases are of equal importance and both condition exist. Other words that can be used in place of “and”are: • Moreover • In addition to • Along with • Plus • As well as • Further more
  4. 4. We need gloves and a ball in addition to bats We found the thief along with the bags The soldiers rose moreover they cheered the leader They paid for the books as weel as Jhon TYPES OF CONNECTOR Coordinating conjunctions
  5. 5. TYPES OF CONNECTOR Use of “BUT”: • Is used to show a contradiction between two phrases. Other words that can be used in place of “but”are: • Nevertheless • Yet • however Coordinating conjunctions
  6. 6. TYPES OF CONNECTOR Examples • Sharon fell from the horse nevertheless she did not cry • The lion was hungry yet it didn´t attack Jhon. • He is from England, however he speaks chinese very well. Coordinating conjunctions
  7. 7. TYPES OF CONNECTOR Use of “or”: When we need to express a choice between two words or phrases we use or. Examples: • Would you like to drink a cup of coffee or tea? • Shall we buy a book or a toy? • Are you tired or shall we go out for a walk?
  8. 8. TYPES OF CONNECTORCorrelative conjunctions Conjunctions used in pairs are correlative conjunctions. Either..... or Either Peter or John has taken the book. Neither.....nor It is neither hot nor tasty. Both.....and My sister is both smart and intelligent. Whether..... or Tell me whether you know the route or not. Not only..... but also Not only is she stupid but also stubborn.
  9. 9. Compound conjunctions Compound conjunctions are groups of words that behave like conjunctions. (In order that, on condition that, provided that, as soon as) Conjunction Usage In order that I bought all the books in order that you may study On condition that The teacher excused him on condition that he would not repeat the mistake. Even if Sarah would not marry him even if he proposed to her. So that I kept away my work so that I could spend time with my daughters Provided that You can take leave provided that you work overtime later As though Rex behaves as though he is the boss. As well as Monica as well as veronica was present there As soon as Mr. Ford plans to pay off his loan as soon as he gets his bonus. As if It looks as if there is going to be a storm.
  10. 10. Subordinating conjunctions TYPES OF CONNECTOR A subordinating conjunction joins a clause to another on which it depends for its full meaning. The chief subordinating conjunctions are after, because, if, that, though, although, till, before, unless. Examples:  I will not go to the market if it rains.  The situation 'I will not go to the market' is dependant on the condition 'if it rains'.  You could go and play after you have done the dishes.  King Midas was unhappy because his daughter turned to gold.  You must dig the earth till you find water.
  11. 11. TIME CLAUSES The past continuous and simple past are often used together in sentences. For these sentences, we need to use time clauses.These time clauses include: While, when, as, after, before. There are many ways to use time clauses
  12. 12. Order of past events: TIME CLAUSES Simple Past (1st Event) Simple Past (2nd Event) Full Sentence I took the test after I finished the book. I took the test after I finished the book. Maggie called me when she heard the news. Maggie called me when she heard the news. After the storm happened, we replanted all the trees. After the storm happened, we replanted all the trees. He ate all the food before she got home. He ate all the food before she got home. Sometimes, we use time clauses to talk about two things that happened in the past, and show the order in which they happened. Sentences with two simple past clauses can show that one thing was completed, and then another thing was completed. Here are some examples.
  13. 13. When we use one simple past clause and one past continuous clause, it usually shows that a simple past event interrupted a past continuous event. Here are some Examples. Notice that the same rule with commas applies to this kind of time clause sentence! In these sentences, the past continuous sentence can come first or second, but it is always the event that got interrupted by something in the simple past. 1st Event 2nd Event Full Sentence They were dancing in the ballroom when Mr. Hickles fell down. They were dancing in the ballroom when Mr. Hickles fell down. When Mr. Hickles fell down, they were dancing in the ballroom. When Mr. Hickles fell down, they were dancing in the ballroom.
  14. 14. When we want to talk about two things in the past that were happening at the same time, we use the past continuous. In these sentences, both events were continuing and were not completed. We can use while, when or as for these sentences. Here are some examples. Past Continuous (1st Event) Past Continuous (2nd Event) Full Sentence I was singing along to the radio while driving to school in the morning. I was singing along to the radio while driving to school in the morning. Was your dad working as the storm was happening? Was your dad working as the storm was happening? While she was shopping in the mall, I was planning her surprise birthday party! While she was shopping in the mall, I was planning her surprise birthday party! While the zookeeper was feeding the lions, the gorillas were escaping! While the zookeeper was feeding the lions, the gorillas were escaping!
  15. 15. Good to know…………… Sometimes when we use two past continuous clauses with the same subject (I, you, he, she, it, we, they, you or a name), we can leave out the subject in the second part of the sentence.

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