Compensation and minimumwages


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Compensation and minimumwages

  1. 1. CRITERIA IN COMPENSATIONLaw of supply & demandPrevailing wagesAbility to payGovernmental factorStandard & cost of livingProductivityBargaining powerJob requirements
  2. 2. DIVERGENT POLICIES HELPTo pay minimum wagesTo pay more than prevailing wagesTo pay higher wagesTo pay competitive wages
  3. 3. COMPENSATION SCENARIO IN IT SECTOR-POLICIES The growth rate of recruitment is 14.5% The average increase in the salary in 2006 was 16% Salary offered based on education,experience,position & skill
  4. 4. AVERAGE SALARY OFFERED IN IT SECTOR BASED ON EXPERIENCE 10+Years 7-10 5-7 2-5 0-2 0 55 5 110 15 Salary(in 5 0
  5. 5. TOP TEN HIGHEST SALARY PRAYERS IN INDIAN IT SECTOR• HCL Infosystems Limited• Hexaware Technologies• RMSI Private Limited• Cadence Design Systems• Tata Consultancy Services• Aztecsoft Limited• Nucleus Software• Induslogic• Kanbay International Inc• Cybage Software Private Limited
  6. 6. COMPENSATION POLICIES IN INSURANCE SECTOR Policies cover the following Accidental Insurance Medical Insurance Medi claims Family health Insurance Diabetes Insurance etc Policies involve Basic salaries Perks Allowances Accomodation etc
  7. 7. AVERAGE SALARY OFFERED IN INDIAN INSURANCE SECTOR BASED ON EXPERIENCE 12+ 4-9Years 1-3 0-1 Salary(in lakhs) 0 2 4 6 8
  8. 8. TOP PLAYERS OF THE INSURANCE SECTOR• Life Insurance Corporation• New York Life• Prudential• Met Life• Birla Insurance• Kotak Mahindra• ICICI• HDFC
  9. 9. COMPENSATION POLICY AT ENTRY LEVEL-INSURANCE SECTORLICICICI PrudentialNew York LifeInsurance Met Life Insurance In lakhs Birla Insurance 0 2.5 0.5 1 1.5 2 3
  10. 10. COMPENSATION POLICY ATMANAGERIAL LEVEL-INSURANCE SECTOR 10+Years 8-10Years In lakhs 6-8Years 3-5Years 0 5 10 15 20 25
  11. 11. COMPENSATION POLICY IN IT ENABLED SERVICES Policy is designed to attract young talents Policy considers high attriition rate High average salary Compensation is target based Compensation don’t cover job security. Average salary offered by top players at entry level is from 1.5 to 3 lakhs For top management lucrative monetary & non monetary benefits are offered.
  12. 12. IT ENABLED INDUSTRIES WITH BEST COMPENSATION POLICY Microsoft Oracle IBM HCL Infosys Satyam Sify Wipro LG Samsung
  13. 13. COMPENSATION POLICIES IN TELECOMMUNICATION SECTOR Policies cover the following Annual bonus House rent allowance Mobile allowance Transportations Paid vacations Travel leaves etc Average salary at entry level ranges from 0.5 to 2.5 lakhs Average salary at managerial level ranges from 5 to 40 lakhs,based on experience.
  14. 14. TELECOMMUNICATION SECTOR WITH BEST COMPENSATION POLICY Tata Teleservices Reliance Communications Bharti Airtel Ericcson Motorola
  16. 16. PRODUCTIVITY PHILOSOPHY- ASSUMPTIONS Use of updated tools,techniques & machineries Optimum production Minimising the unit cost of production Lower price of goods Expanded market Increased income from sales Profit sharing with employees Utilising profit to regenerate process
  17. 17. PURCHASING POWER PHILOSOPHY-ASSUMPTIONS Good compensation to workers Increased purchasing power of the large work force. Effective demands for goods & services Stimulation of future production.
  18. 18. GROWTH OF SERVICE INDUSTRY Tourism sector is growing at the rate of 8% Good compensation encourage tourists pouring into holiday spots. Average income of people have improved a lot It helped to attain national prosperity People expect quality service & they are ready to pay for it
  19. 19. EXAMPLEo Distribution of Compensation is as follows Roadways-19% Railways-19% Airlines-27%
  20. 20. NON IMPLEMENTATION OF PHILOSOPHY- CONSEQUENCES OF PAY DISSATISFACTION Strike Desire for Grievances Absenteeism more pay Search for a higher paying jobs TurnoverPay dissatisfaction Lower Absenteeism Attractivene Job ss of job dissatisfactionPsychologicalwithdrawal Poor mental Health health
  21. 21. COMPENSATION & PERFORMANCE MODEL Feedback Employee sets Performance is Expectations Employee considers rewarded & goals Equity in compensation Employee sets new goals & expectations Based on performance
  22. 22. MINIMUM WAGEIt is provided for maintenance of life plus for preservation of the efficiency of worker
  23. 23. MINIMUM WAGE PAID TOWorkers working in• Agricultural sector• Cement working establishments• Bakery,Dairy products• Chemicals• Construction activities• Transport Corporation• Ice factories,cold storages• Laundry sevice• Textile Industry• All shops & other establishments
  24. 24. MINIMUM WAGE IN INDIA Applicable to labourers & workers The Minimum Wage Act,1948 prevents labour exploitation. It varies from state to state. Change in wage rate-(per day) Rs 35 in 1996 Rs 40 in 1998 Rs 45 in1999 Rs 66 in 2004 Rs 80 in 2007
  25. 25. MINIMUM WAGE IN DIFFERENT STATES-W.E.F. JUNE,2008(Per day)Delhi 156 140Uttar Pradesh 143.87 113.70Rajasthan 91 83Orissa 100 80Tamil Nadu 158 29West Bengal 100 81Gujarat 115 50Punjab 125 96Manipur 79.40 72.40Madhya Pradesh 101 93
  26. 26. FAIR WAGEEqual to the rate prevailing in the same trade & in the neighbourhood & equal to thepredominant rate for similar work throughout the country,
  27. 27. LIVING WAGE Higher than fair wage,provides for bare essentials plus frugal comforts.
  28. 28. Living wage is concerned with The needs of the workers & their families Cost of living Social security benefits.
  29. 29. WAGE DIFFERENTIAL An element that works as wage scalereflecting the average schedule of worker’spay that takes into account the performance of related tasks or services
  30. 30. WAGE DIFFERENTIALS• Occupational differentials• Inter-firm differentials• Regional differential• Inter-Industry differentials• Personal differentials
  31. 31. OCCUPATIONALDIFFERENTIAL Wages are fixed based on different occupations & various degrees of skill.
  32. 32. FUNCTIONS Inducing workers to undertake more demanding jobs Encouraging people to develop skills Performing social function
  33. 33. INTER-FIRM DIFFERENTIALSIt reflects the relative wage level of workers indifferent plants in the same area & occupation
  34. 34. INTER FIRM DIFFERENTIAL-THE MAIN CAUSES Difference in the quality of labour employed by firms Imperfections in labour market Difference in technological advance Financial capacity of the firm Size of the firm
  35. 35. INTER-AREA OR REGIONALDIFFERENTIALSIt occurs when workers in the same idustry orsame occupational group,but living in different geographical areas are paid different wages.
  36. 36. REGIONAL DIFFERENTIAL-THE MAIN CAUSES Different rate of payment Difference in cost of living Availability of manpower
  37. 37. INTER-INDUSTRYDIFFERENTIALSIt occurs when workers in the same industryor in the same area but in different industries are paid different wages
  38. 38. INTER-INDUSTRY DIFFERENTIAL- THE MAIN CAUSES Extent of unionization Capacity to pay Labour capital ratio Stage of development Supply-demand of needed skill
  39. 39. PERSONAL DIFFERENTIAL It refers different payment made to differentindividual working in the same plant or same occupation
  40. 40. PERSONAL DIFFERENTIAL-THE MAIN CAUSES Merit Individual output Experience
  41. 41. JOB EVALUATION & WAGEPhase 1 SURVEYIdentify & study jobs Job analysisPhase 2 Job evaluationInternal equityJob ranking Job grading Factor comparison Point systemPhase 3 Wage surveyExternal equity Employer ProfessionalDepartment Self conducted associations associationsOf labour surveysPhase 4 Pricing jobsMatching Internal & external worthJob evaluation worth Match Labour market worth