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The End Of The Revolution


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The End Of The Revolution

  1. 2. Valley Forge <ul><li>Outside Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>Winter of 1777-1778 </li></ul><ul><li>Army had little food or clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers suffered from frostbite and malnutrition </li></ul><ul><li>America’s first major charity event </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans donated supplies to the soldiers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women arrived with medicine and ingredients to cook meals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women traveled the country raising money to support the troops </li></ul></ul>
  2. 4. A Multi-Nation War <ul><li>Marquis de Lafayette: French noble who wintered at Valley Forge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Became a trusted friend of Washington </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brought professional soldiers </li></ul></ul>
  3. 5. A Multi-Nation War <ul><li>Two Polish officers helped build forts and defense and train cavalry </li></ul><ul><li>Friedrich von Stueben: Prussian who helped bring discipline in the army </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prussian army was the best-trained army in Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taught army how to march </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trained the army on how to use bayonets </li></ul></ul>
  4. 7. Final Stage <ul><li>The war began in New England </li></ul><ul><li>Shifted to the Middle States </li></ul><ul><li>and ended in the South </li></ul><ul><li>Many Loyalists lived in the south </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They were fearful of the rhetoric of the Declaration of Independence </li></ul></ul>
  5. 8. The South <ul><li>December 1778: British seized Savannah </li></ul><ul><li>Soon after, they took Charleston </li></ul><ul><li>Americans suffered a series of losses </li></ul><ul><li>Americans took on a new tactic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hit and Run </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Francis Marion: Swamp Fox </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attacked British at night and disappeared into the swamps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tactic forced British back north into Virginia </li></ul></ul>
  6. 9. Yorktown <ul><li>American raids were able to move the British under General Cornwallis where ever they wanted </li></ul><ul><li>British were pushed to Yorktown a small peninsula in Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Cornwallis counted on the British Navy to protect him </li></ul><ul><li>Cornwallis did not know that a French fleet had pushed the British ship out of Virginia </li></ul>
  7. 11. Yorktown <ul><li>Cornwallis was trapped on the peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Washington’s multi-national army blocked any escape by land </li></ul><ul><li>The French Navy blocked any escape by sea </li></ul><ul><li>Cornwallis held out for three weeks before surrendering his entire army </li></ul>
  8. 13. Peace Treaty <ul><li>Congress sent Benjamin Franklin and John Adams to Paris to meet with the British </li></ul><ul><li>The British lost all cares for America and gave the delegates almost everything they asked for </li></ul><ul><li>Both sides signed the Treaty of Paris in 1783 </li></ul>
  9. 14. Treaty of Paris, 1783 <ul><li>Britain agreed to recognize the United States as an independent nation </li></ul><ul><li>Britain gave the Unites States all land from the Atlantic to the Mississippi River </li></ul><ul><li>Congress ratified the treaty on April 19, 1783, exactly eight years after Lexington </li></ul><ul><li>The United States was officially a nation </li></ul>