Articles To Constitution And Federalism


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Articles To Constitution And Federalism

  1. 1. From the Articles to the Constitution
  2. 3. <ul><li>The first constitution of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Created by the original 13 states </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted March 1, 1781 and remained until March, 1789 </li></ul><ul><li>Very weak because the states feared one central power </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Western Massachusetts citizens could not pay their debt </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign and interstate trade laws were complicated under the Articles </li></ul><ul><li>Many people lost jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers were unable to sell their goods at a decent price </li></ul><ul><li>People were put in jail and their land was seized for not paying taxes </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Daniel Shay (former Captain in the Continental Army) took up arms and lead 1200 farmers in a revolt against the MA government </li></ul><ul><li>The rebellion focused on a building used for storing weapons </li></ul><ul><li>He weapons were owned by the national government, but the protestors didn’t care </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>The national government was weak and couldn’t do anything </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts was able to call up a militia to put down the revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Four protestors died in the fighting </li></ul><ul><li>Showed a need for a strong central government </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: May 25, 1787 </li></ul><ul><li>Delegates met to fix the Articles </li></ul><ul><li>They ended up creating an entirely new document </li></ul><ul><li>The new law of the United States was framed in 1787 and ratified by all of the states in 1789 </li></ul><ul><li>The new document was fluid and has been modified and amended </li></ul>
  7. 8. James Madison Thomas Jefferson
  8. 9. “ I am persuaded myself that the good sense of the people will always be found to be the best army…They may be lead astray for a moment, but will soon correct themselves.” -Thomas Jefferson to Edward Carrington, 1787 “ Has it not…invariably been found that momentary passions, and immediate interests, have a more active and imperious control over human conduct than general or remote considerations of policy, utility or justice?” -Alexander Hamilton, Federalist #16
  9. 10. <ul><li>Anti-Federalists did not want to ratify the constitution because: </li></ul><ul><li>It gave too much power to the national government at the expense of the state governments </li></ul><ul><li>There was no Bill of Rights – or guaranteed rights </li></ul><ul><li>The national government could maintain armies in peacetime </li></ul><ul><li>Congress wielded too much power </li></ul><ul><li>The executive branch held too much power </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders: James Wilson, Patrick Henry, George Mason, Thomas Jefferson </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Federalists wanted the constitution ratified because: </li></ul><ul><li>The separation of powers protected the rights of the people </li></ul><ul><li>Each branch represents a different aspect of the people </li></ul><ul><li>All three branches are equal, no one can assume control over another </li></ul><ul><li>If the national government were to list specific rights, what would stop it from violating the rights not listed? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Since we cannot list them all, we shall list none </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leaders: John Jay, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton </li></ul>