Alternatives

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Alternatives to Equine Slaughter

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Alternatives

  1. 1. Presented by Dr. J. Jacques
  2. 2.  Reduces the number of unwanted horses Eliminates the cruelties associated with unregulated slaughter practices in neighboring countries Creates JOBS for equine professionals
  3. 3.  138,000will be shipped to Canada and Mexico for Slaughter in 2011. • Racing (thoroughbred and standardbred racing) • Mares and foals who are by-products of the production of the drug Premarin (pregnant-mares-urine, used to treat menopausal symptoms for which there is a synthetic alternative) • Over breeding and “backyard” breeders • Irresponsible owners/Changing economic Reports show that 92.3% of these horses are in good health and capable of continued service.
  4. 4.  Purchase horses for meat or for immediate resale Killbuyers typically have a contract to deliver a certain number of horses to the slaughter house each period Estimated 38 killbuyers in the US
  5. 5.  Craigslist advertisements for free horses Riding stables horses & Camp Horses Individuals who have an immediate need to rid themselves of the expenses and responsibility of owning a horse Public auctions
  6. 6.  They accumulate horses in paddocks referred to as „killpens‟
  7. 7.  In 2007, Congress prohibited the use of federal funds to inspect slaughter-bound horses destined for human consumption. This act essentially shutdown domestic slaughter facilities. No one fully anticipated the cruelties that would follow, as horses fell victim to unregulated transportation and slaughter practices in bordering countries.
  8. 8. This year over 130,000 horses will be crammed into impossibly small spaces and transported for days to Mexico and Canada.NO Food, NO Water, NO RestAlthough laws have been passed that prohibit the use of double-decker trucks for slaughter-bound horses, there is no law against the use of double-deckers to transport horses. Horse meat brokers simply unload the horses onto smaller trailers for the last leg of their final journey.
  9. 9. One trip to Canada Horses are sold on average to slaughter could yield $19,375. houses for 0.60 cents to $1 per pound. One Killbuyer in PA takes 5 loads of horses Horses range from 900 – 1,100 lbs. per month. 20-30 horses per load Average horse sells ($19,375*5)=$17,500 for $225 to killbuyers (minus gas & other expenses) Revenue: (25 horses * 1000lbs * $1 per pound) -Costs : (25 - $225 per horse) --------------------------------------------------------------- Total Profits before operating expenses = $19,375
  10. 10.  TheGovernment Accountability Office (GAO) prepared a report for congress in June 2011 • The report showed NO CHANGE in the number of horses slaughtered since the congressional prohibition in 2007. • Once the horses cross the border, U.S. Laws (Equine Protection and Animal Cruelty) no longer apply • The report further describes an increase in the number of abuse, neglect and abandonment cases
  11. 11.  The existing rescue facilities have the capacity to manage only 13% of the current population of the widely published estimate of 100,000 unwanted horses There are hundreds of organizations in this country all are overwhelmed with horses and dangerously underfunded Rely on public contributions to fund operations
  12. 12.  Only 1% of horses are considered unwanted (100,000 horses) AAEP estimates that the average cost to maintain a horse for one year is $1,825 Feeding all unwanted horses for one year would cost over $182 - 200 million. Studies show the estimated cost to feed unwanted horses in 2016 is $530 million
  13. 13.  1986 Kentucky Derby winner and Horse of the Year with his victory over Alysheba in the Breeders Cup, won an impressive $3,777,978, won 29 starts.  He was slaughtered in 2002.  Why is it, a winning racehorse is not entitled to a share in their purses?If only Ferdinand could contribute to his own 401K  There are 844,531 race horses in the US.
  14. 14.  The average price of horses reported to be at a 32 year high In 2011, a record number of horses sold for over $100,000 Most states have sales tax exemptions for horses sold for breeding purposes There are 238,000 breeders in the US. Sales taxes on rarely collected regardless of breeding status
  15. 15.  Huntin‟ for Chocolate sold for $300,000. Since he is considered a breeding stallion, his new owners were not required to pay any sales tax. Sheikh Mohammad bin Rashid al Maktoum of Dubai, who has spent over $60 million on American broodmares since 2002. It is estimated that if Kentucky had collected taxes on the sale of horses between 2004 and 2010, the state would have generated over $220 million in sales tax revenues.
  16. 16.  We pay excise tax on cars. We pay excise tax on boats. We pay a luxury tax on automobiles. Why not apply a luxury tax on horses? Over a specified amount ($20,000).Either in the form of a excise or a luxury sales tax.
  17. 17.  Earmark taxes collected from sales revenues for a fund that will be used to support the unwanted horses
  18. 18.  There is much debate as to whether horses are livestock (and subject to slaughter) or “companion animals” that should receive treatment similar to other companion animals like dogs and cats. If we were to classify horses as companion animals, each horse would be provided an opportunity to find a home for a given period of time. If no home was found, the horse would be humanely euthanized.
  19. 19.  Are American horses fit for human consumption? Many veterinary drugs commonly used on horses are clearly labeled with the phrase, "not for use in horses intended for food” New regulations enforced by the European Union may require that all U.S. horses be kept in a drug free feedlot for six months Six months in an equine rescue shelter would not only provide these horses with an opportunity at a second life, but also would clear their system of harmful carcinogens so that their carcass can be a valuable resource in the food supply chain.
  20. 20.  All states regulate the disposal of animal carcasses. Options including burial, composting, incineration, rendering and bio-digestion. The cost of these methods varies between $75 and $2000. Rendering plants safely process 54 billion pounds of animal byproducts and mortalities each year. Animal materials are processed at high temperatures to remove the pathogens and produce end products that can be used in animal feeds It is least expensive, environmentally friendly and available in 50 states in the U.S. Not all rendering plants accept horses because of the additional cost and restrictions of processing large animals.When business opportunity knocks, American entrepreneurs answer
  21. 21.  We know what we did in 2007, made things worse. We know what is currently happening is very wrong. We know what we are doing is not working. We know there is an answer out there to this problem. We know its time we found that answer.
  22. 22. Dr. Janine Jacques--------------------------------------- 978.273.8469 JJ@janinejacques.com www.janinejacques.com www.hope4horses.org

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