Types of researc

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Types of researc

  1. 1. Types of Research
  2. 2. • A detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding. • Example of research To get more detailed information about our competitors we have to do some research on the Internet as well as in libraries. Definition: Research
  3. 3. • SYSTEMATIC because there is a definite set of procedures and steps which you will follow. There are certain things in the research process which are always done in order to get the most accurate results. • ORGANIZED in that there is a structure or method in going about doing research. It is a planned procedure, not a spontaneous one. It is focused and limited to a specific scope. Research is an ORGANIZED and SYSTEMATIC way of FINDING ANSWERS to QUESTIONS.
  4. 4. • FINDING ANSWERS is the end of all research. Whether it is the answer to a hypothesis or even a simple question, research is successful when we find answers. Sometimes the answer is no, but it is still an answer. • QUESTIONS are central to research. If there is no question, then the answer is of no use. Research is focused on relevant, useful, and important questions. Without a question, research has no focus, drive, or purpose. Contd….
  5. 5. Classification of Research By Purpose Research by Purpose Basic Applied Action R & D Evaluation
  6. 6. • In its purest form, basic research is conducted solely for the purpose of theory development and refinement. • Example: Theories of Motivation Theories of Leadership Basic Research
  7. 7. • Applied research, as the name implies, is conducted solely for the purpose of applying, or testing theory and evaluating its usefulness in solving problems • Example Applied researchers may investigate ways to: • improve agricultural crop production • treat or cure a specific disease • improve the energy efficiency of homes, offices, or modes of transportation Applied research
  8. 8. • The purpose is to facilitate decision making regarding the relative worth of 2 or more actions Evaluation research
  9. 9. • Major purpose is not to formulate or test theory but to develop effective products . Research and development
  10. 10. • Purpose is to solve business and management problems through the application of the scientific method Action research
  11. 11. Classification of Research By Method Research By Method Historical Research Correlational Research Descriptive Research Causal Comparative Experimental
  12. 12. • It involves studying, understanding, and explaining past events. • Purpose is to arrive at conclusions concerning causes, effects, or trends of past occurrences that may help to explain present events and anticipate future. Should be to predict or explain—not to rehash. Historical Research
  13. 13. • Attempts to determine whether and, to what degree, a relationship exists between two or more quantifiable variables. • Purpose may be to establish a relationship or to use relationships in making predictions. Correlational Research
  14. 14. • Descriptive research is used to obtain information concerning the current status of the phenomena to describe "what exists" with respect to variables or conditions in a situation. • Surveys (questionnaires, Delphi method, interviews, normative) • Case Studies • Job Analyses • Documentary Analysis • Developmental Studies Descriptive Research
  15. 15. • Here you test the cause and effect relationship of two variables. One is dependant and the other one is independent • You cannot manipulate the variable Causal research
  16. 16. • This is an experiment where the researcher manipulates one variable, and control the rest of the variables. It has a control group, the subjects have been randomly assigned between the groups, and the researcher only tests one effect at a time. It is also important to know what variable(s) you want to test and measure. Experimental Research
  17. 17. • (1) defining the problem, • (2) reviewing the related literature, • (3) formulating the hypothesis, • (4) selecting the research design and then collecting and analyzing data, and • (5) developing the conclusion Steps of Research
  18. 18. Thank you…

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