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  • Ems

    2. 2. What is EMS? Environmental management system offers a structured and systematic approach to incorporate environmental care in all aspects of business in order to achieve competitive advantage, improved corporate image and compliance to environmental regulation. Why EMS? <ul><li>The following factor may motivate a business organization to </li></ul><ul><li>adopt EMS: </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental legislation (to satisfy the Acts related to </li></ul><ul><li>air, water, and land pollution) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Awareness : Increase awareness and responsiveness </li></ul><ul><li>among business community towards environmental care. </li></ul>
    3. 3. 3. Reputation and Images: To enhance the corporate image with the public and regulatory authorities. 4. Stakeholder pressure : Pressure from stakeholders, employees, financial institutions, insurance companies, general public, and consumers. 5.International competitiveness: Addressing environmental aspects of products and services that may affect international competitiveness and international trade barriers. 6. Financial liabilities : Environmental failure may attract several financial burden due to business interruptions, high cost of remedial actions and penalties. 7. Incentive for green organizations : Easy government licensing, attractive credit facilities from banks and attractive premium from insurance companies to environmentally responsible organizations.
    4. 4. <ul><li>Organisation have been managing environmental issues in </li></ul><ul><li>any one of the following three ways: </li></ul><ul><li>No action : Ignoring environmental opportunity or threats </li></ul><ul><li>until it is too late. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Reactive Response : Waiting for events and issues to be </li></ul><ul><li>identified by external agencies like the ‘Pollution Control Board’ </li></ul><ul><li>and then reacting to deal with them. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Proactive response : These organizations monitor </li></ul><ul><li>environmental issues and concerns for EMS and see that any </li></ul><ul><li>critical situation is not happening. They are ready to combat </li></ul><ul><li>any type of situation arising out of the EMS. </li></ul>
    5. 5. EMS GOAL
    6. 6. Purpose of an EMS <ul><li>EMS intends to link different processes through network of </li></ul><ul><li>management actions, procedures, documentation and </li></ul><ul><li>records, with the view to: </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and control significant environmental aspects </li></ul><ul><li>and impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Identify significant environmental opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Identify relevant environmental regulatory requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a sound environmental policy </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor performance and evaluate the effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>of the environment management system. </li></ul><ul><li>Gear up the organization to meet new challenges and explore </li></ul><ul><li>new opportunities. </li></ul>
    7. 7. ISO 14001: Environmental Management Systems <ul><li>This international standard was issued in the year 1996 by the </li></ul><ul><li>International Organization for Standardization (ISO), in Geneva </li></ul><ul><li>Switzerland. </li></ul><ul><li>This standard stipulates that the top management of the </li></ul><ul><li>company shall define the environmental policy such that: </li></ul><ul><li>It is appropriate to the nature, scale and environmental </li></ul><ul><li>impact of its activities, products, and services . </li></ul><ul><li>2. It includes a commitment to continual improvement and </li></ul><ul><li>prevention of pollution. </li></ul><ul><li>3. It includes a commitment to comply with environmental </li></ul><ul><li>legislation. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Provides the framework for setting and reviewing </li></ul><ul><li>environmental objectives and targets. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Implementation of EMS: Discussing from ISO-14001 standard Structure and responsibility: The organisation should define, document, and communicate the roles, responsibility and authority for effective environmental management. Management shall plan and provide resources including training, technology and finance essential for effective implementation of environmental management system. Training, awareness and competence: This section of ISO 14001 standard stipulates the training needs of the EMS. Key persons need to be trained and the awareness created in all functional levels.
    9. 9. Plan Do Check Act Environmental Policy Continual Improvement Planning Implementation & Control Checking & Corrective Action Management Review
    10. 10. Policy <ul><li>Statement of an organization’s intentions and principals in relation to its overall environmental performance </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a framework for the EMS objectives and targets </li></ul><ul><li>Must be documented, communicated and implemented </li></ul>
    11. 11. Policy <ul><li>Reflects nature and scale of organization </li></ul><ul><li>Includes commitment to continual improvement and pollution prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Includes commitment to regulatory and other requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Communicated internally and externally </li></ul>
    12. 12. Policy statement - TMMK <ul><li>“ As a leading Automotive Manufacturing Facility, Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky, Inc. (TMMK) is committed to ensuring our operations and business practices contribute to the quality of life at TMMK and the surrounding community ” </li></ul>
    13. 13. Planning Identify Activities, Products and Services Identify Environmental Aspects and Impacts Determine Priority Environmental Aspects Determine Legal and Other Requirements Establish Objectives and Targets Develop Environmental Management Program
    14. 14. Implementation and Operation Structure and Responsibility Training, Awareness and Competence Document Control EMS Documentation Emergency Preparedness and Response Communication Operational Control Organization & Accountability Capabilities & Communications Controls
    15. 15. Checking and Corrective Action Records Ongoing Monitoring and Measuring Periodic Internal EMS Audits Non-conformance, Corrective and Preventive Action
    16. 16. Management Review Process <ul><li>Take account of: </li></ul><ul><li>audit findings </li></ul><ul><li>progress records on objectives </li></ul><ul><li>changes to facilities </li></ul><ul><li>changes in activities, products or services </li></ul><ul><li>changes in technology </li></ul><ul><li>concerns of interested parties </li></ul><ul><li>other relevant information </li></ul><ul><li>To Assess the </li></ul><ul><li>suitability, </li></ul><ul><li>adequacy, and </li></ul><ul><li>effectiveness of the EMS </li></ul><ul><li>In order to determine the need for change and improvement to: </li></ul><ul><li>the environmental policy </li></ul><ul><li>the objectives and targets </li></ul><ul><li>other elements of the EMS </li></ul>
    17. 17. How to develop an EMS based on ISO 14001 <ul><li>Take a close look at the activities, products and services--- to </li></ul><ul><li>identify the one which interacts with the environment. The following areas need to be considered while identifying the aspects: </li></ul><ul><li>Discharge to water </li></ul><ul><li>Emission to air </li></ul><ul><li>Contamination of land </li></ul><ul><li>Waste management </li></ul><ul><li>Use of natural resources/ materials </li></ul><ul><li>Local environmental regulatory issues </li></ul>
    18. 18. Products, environmental aspects and their impacts Air pollution Noise pollution Over consumption Land contamination Land contamination Generation of emission Generation of noise Consumption of fuel Spillage of fuel Disposal of waste During Operations 2. Air pollution Land pollution Water pollution Generation of fumes Handling of hazardous substances 1. Impacts Aspects Activity/product Sl No
    19. 19. The environment risk assessment <ul><li>After the environment impacts have been identified, these </li></ul><ul><li>need to be evaluated. The following factors are considered. </li></ul><ul><li>Likelihood of occurrence </li></ul><ul><li>Likelihood of detection </li></ul><ul><li>Severity of consequences </li></ul>Criteria Likelihood (A) Likelihood (B) Severity (c) of occurrence of detection of consequences Very high 5 1 10 High 4 2 8 Moderate 3 3 6 Low 2 4 4 Very low 1 5 2 Environmental Risk Rating (ERR) = (A+B) x C
    20. 20. <ul><li>Keeping in view the resources available, the organisation </li></ul><ul><li>may choose the impact that it would like to address. Normally </li></ul><ul><li>the impact(s) having higher ERR are picked up for design of EMS . </li></ul><ul><li>While prioritizing the impact, following factors should be </li></ul><ul><li>considered: </li></ul><ul><li>Overall budget plan </li></ul><ul><li>ERR of the impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Technological options available </li></ul><ul><li>Concern of interested parties </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory and legal environment </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty of changing impact </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of changing the impact </li></ul><ul><li>Effect on public images </li></ul>
    21. 21. Activities covered under EMS EMS covers virtually all business and management activities within the organisation: Marketing : Products that potentially damage the environment may be subject to consumer boycott. (e.g. Plastic bags). The marketing manager needs to understand how these issues can affect their relations with major customers. Design and development: Product design should take care of the environmental aspects and must meet regulatory requirements.
    22. 22. Manufacturing : The responsibility of manufacturing is to design the EMS to help control the environmental aspects related to manufacturing processes , including the selection of appropriate technology and equipments. Finance : Finance department should work closely with the project to see total finance requirements of the project and its approval after satisfying the EMS standard. The funds allocated to a particular project should take care of the risk, including the environmental risk. Management of distribution: Packaging product/ materials , recovery and recycling--- place new demand on distribution..