FIGURES OF SPEECH BY                        J. Chopra                        PGT(ENG)6/6/2009                    .        ...
The objective of this multimediapresentation is to increase your knowledge through interestingactivities like speaking, li...
A figure of speech is a departure    from the ordinary form ofexpression in order to produce a          greater effect.  6...
Figures of speech may be        classified as under    Those based on the Resemblance such as    Simile, Metaphor, Personi...
A simile is a COMPARISON made between two objects of  different kinds which have however at least one point in           c...
A metaphor is an            implied simile.                  Eg:           Tipu was a lion             in the fight.6/6/20...
PERSONIFICATIONIn personification inanimate and  abstract notions are spoken as of  having life and intelligence.  Laughte...
Apostrophe    An apostrophe is a direct address to the    dead, to the absent or to a personified    object.    Eg: Milton...
ANTITHESISIn antithesis a striking opposition      or contrast of words or sentiments, is made in the same             sen...
Many are called but few are           chosen6/6/2009                        10
Metonymy             Metonymy  In metonymy(literally a   In metonymy(literally achange of name) an object ischange of name...
     CLIMAX ( A  LADDER) IS  THE  ARRANGEMENT  OF SERIES OF  IDEAS IN THE  ORDER OF  INCREASING  IMPORTANCE Eg: Simple ,...
•Imagery           The suggestion of vivid mental           pictures or images by the skilful           use of words is ca...
6/6/2009   14
SAMPLESAlliteration                RepetitionA figure of speech which    Repetition of words andbrings together words     ...
Give your own examplesfor each one of the abovegiven figures of speech.(In your home work note.) 6/6/2009              16
Creative Writing6/6/2009                      17
6/6/2009   18
MATCH THE FOLLOWINGThe woods               Similedecay ,the woodsdecay and fall.The fair breeze         Repetitionbelow th...
Interesting websites            www.english2.com           www.thesaurus.com           www.vocabulary.com            www.f...
REFERENCESOUR THANKS TO THE FOLLOWING WHO HAVEGREATLY HELPED US TO SUCCESSFULLYCREATE THIS MULTIMEDIA PRESENTATION ON‘FIGU...
6/6/2009   22
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  • METONOMY SYNADEKI
  • Figures of speech ok

    1. 1. FIGURES OF SPEECH BY J. Chopra PGT(ENG)6/6/2009 . 1
    2. 2. The objective of this multimediapresentation is to increase your knowledge through interestingactivities like speaking, listening, reading and writing. 6/6/2009 2
    3. 3. A figure of speech is a departure from the ordinary form ofexpression in order to produce a greater effect. 6/6/2009 3
    4. 4. Figures of speech may be classified as under Those based on the Resemblance such as Simile, Metaphor, Personification and Apostrophe. Those based on contrast such as Antithesis and Epigram. Those based on association such as Metonymy and Synecdoche. Those depending on construction such as Climax and Anticlimax.6/6/2009 4
    5. 5. A simile is a COMPARISON made between two objects of different kinds which have however at least one point in common.6/6/2009 5
    6. 6. A metaphor is an implied simile. Eg: Tipu was a lion in the fight.6/6/2009 6
    7. 7. PERSONIFICATIONIn personification inanimate and abstract notions are spoken as of having life and intelligence. Laughter holding both her sides Death lay his icy hands on kings.6/6/2009 7
    8. 8. Apostrophe An apostrophe is a direct address to the dead, to the absent or to a personified object. Eg: Milton Thou should’st be living at this hour. Roll on thou deep and dark blue ocean – Roll!6/6/2009 8
    9. 9. ANTITHESISIn antithesis a striking opposition or contrast of words or sentiments, is made in the same sentence. Eg: Man proposes God disposes.Speech is silver silence is golden. 6/6/2009 9
    10. 10. Many are called but few are chosen6/6/2009 10
    11. 11. Metonymy Metonymy In metonymy(literally a In metonymy(literally achange of name) an object ischange of name) an object is designated by the name of designated by the name of something which is something which isgenerally associated with it generally associated with it 6/6/2009 11
    12. 12.  CLIMAX ( A LADDER) IS THE ARRANGEMENT OF SERIES OF IDEAS IN THE ORDER OF INCREASING IMPORTANCE Eg: Simple , erect, severe, austere, sublime. 6/6/2009 12
    13. 13. •Imagery The suggestion of vivid mental pictures or images by the skilful use of words is called imagery. A poet can create or suggest beautiful sight effects or sound effects by means of words. It often talks in pictures.6/6/2009 13
    14. 14. 6/6/2009 14
    15. 15. SAMPLESAlliteration RepetitionA figure of speech which Repetition of words andbrings together words phrases not onlywhich begin with the same emphasizes theconsonant(or vowel meaning but also tosound) increase the musicalEg: A Reeling road, a effect of a poem.Rolling Road that Eg:And o’er and o’erRambles Round the shire. the and round and 6/6/2009 round the sand. 15
    16. 16. Give your own examplesfor each one of the abovegiven figures of speech.(In your home work note.) 6/6/2009 16
    17. 17. Creative Writing6/6/2009 17
    18. 18. 6/6/2009 18
    19. 19. MATCH THE FOLLOWINGThe woods Similedecay ,the woodsdecay and fall.The fair breeze Repetitionbelow the whitefoam flew... MetaphorO my Love like ared red rose AlliterationRevenge is a kind6/6/2009wild justice.of 19
    20. 20. Interesting websites www.english2.com www.thesaurus.com www.vocabulary.com www.funbrain.com6/6/2009 20
    21. 21. REFERENCESOUR THANKS TO THE FOLLOWING WHO HAVEGREATLY HELPED US TO SUCCESSFULLYCREATE THIS MULTIMEDIA PRESENTATION ON‘FIGURES OF SPEECH.’ENCARTAINTERNETWREN AND MARTINCBSE ENGLISH TEXTSTO SOME OF MY FRIENDS & 6/6/2009 21KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA SANGATHAN
    22. 22. 6/6/2009 22

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