Velká Británie - základní údaje


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Velká Británie - základní údaje

  1. 1. The United Kingdom - basic facts (Spojené králoství– základní údaje)
  2. 2. The United Kingdom - basic facts  Location  Area and population  Mountains, peaks, rivers, lakes  Weather  System of government  Parts of UK and their capitals
  3. 3. UK – basic facts The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Great Britain + Northern Ireland England + Scotland + Wales
  4. 4. UK – basic facts Location - north - west off Europe separated from the continental Europe by the North Sea and the English Channel. The country is formed by two main islands and about 5,000 smaller islands (Hebrides, Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands, Isle of Man, Isle of Wight…). Area - 245 thousand square kilometres Population – more than 60 million people
  5. 5. UK – mountains The Scottish Highlands The highest peak is Ben Nevis The Cambrian Mountains The highest peak is Snowdon (Scotland) (1,344 m) (Wales) (1,085 m)
  6. 6. UK – rivers The River Severn – it flows through both Wales and England The longest river (354 km) The River Thames – in southern England The second longest river (346 km)
  7. 7. The River Severn The Thames
  8. 8. UK - climate Variable, but moderate climate. Influenced by the Gulf Stream. Mild winters. Not very hot summers. Rain all year round.
  9. 9. UK – system of government The UK is a constitutional monarchy. The head of state is The Queen Elizabeth II. The head of government: Prime Minister
  10. 10. Parts of UK – England Situated in southern part of Great Britain. The largest and most populous part of the country. Much of England consists of rolling hills. The capital city of England is London.
  11. 11. Nelsons Monument ThetfordCam River Cam Gold Priory Nelsons Monument ThetfordHill River Hill Gold Priory
  12. 12. Parts of UK – Scotland Situated in the north of Great Britain. Beautiful landscape of moors and hills. The land of many special traditions. (bagpipes, kilts, Scotch whiskey). The capital city of Scotland is Edinburgh. The largest city of Scotland is Glasgow.
  13. 13. EdinburghSkyeCastleGlascarnoch Park Cottages LookingIsleRannochLochWhisky IsleGlamis Loch of Skye Moor Edinburgh --CottagesWhisky Rannoch mountain Park Scotch Looking East from CastleGlascarnoch East from mountain Glamis Moor of Scotch
  14. 14. Parts of UK – Wales Situated in the western part of Great Britain. It is a country of green forests and medieval villages. The capital city of Wales is Cardiff.
  15. 15. Church near Caernarfon -- Snowdonia behind Church Victoriathe cliffs Snowdonia behind near Caernarfon bay View from the CrimeaWalls Powis Castle Caernarfoncliffs Walls Three Town mountain View from Gardensbay Powis Castle Victoria Gardens -- Neath CaernarfonCrimea Neath Three Town mountain
  16. 16. Parts of UK – Northern Ireland Situated in the northeast of the island Ireland. Known for the constant conflict between Protestants and Catholics. The capital city of Northern Ireland is Belfast.
  17. 17. MinnowburnBush GreencastleBridge The St. PatsBridge Carnmoney MinnowburnBush Greencastle Pier The River Pier Carnmoney St. Pats River
  18. 18. How to get to UK by plane (the largest airport – Heathrow- London) by ferry ( from Calais – France to Dover-England) by Channel tunnel (Eurotunnel)