KHADI is an Indian fabric. Khadi is also known by
another name “Khaddar”. It is made by spinning the
threads on an instrument known as “Charkha”
KHADI is a hand woven cloth using hand spun yarn
containing natural fibers like cotton, silk and wool only,
spun and woven in natural environment.
Mahatma Gandhi it as a symbol for political agendas
during the fight for independence in India against the
British rule. It was primarily a means to provide
employment to the unemployed rural population of India
at that time
KHADI AND VILLAGE INDUSTRIES
Khadi & Village Industries Commission (KVIC)
established under the Khadi and Village Industries
Commission Act, 1956
The functions of the Commission is to plan,
promote, organize and assist in the establishment
and development of khadi and village industries in
the rural area in coordination with other agencies
engaged in rural development wherever necessary.
MAIN OBJECTIVES OF KVIC
oThe social objective of providing employment
opportunities in the rural areas
oThe economic objective of producing salable
oThe wider objective of creating self- reliance
amongst people and building up a strong rural
TYPE OF KHADI FABRICS
GHANDHI JI AND KHADI
Promoted the spinning of khadi.
A weapon for defense against Britishers.
The first true Indian designers’ fabric.
He lead from the front and promoted this fabric
PROCESS OF MAKING KHADI
1.Hand picking of the cotton
3.Opening and cleaning
5.Drawing and combing
10.Drawing and drafting
KHADI AND FASHION
These days Khadi has become a brand name and
under the name of this brand many other products
is being launched some of the products are:
Handmade Paper and products .
Khadi is the only fabric which is said to be “eco friendly”
and hence increases its extent in fashion world.
Khadi today represents an exquisite, heritage product,
which is ‘ethnic’ as well as ‘ethical’.
Khadi totally handcrafted and containing natural fibres, this
natural flavour offers ample scope for fashion statement
for the creative expression of fashion designers
GARMENTS MADE OF KHADI
Madras checks on cotton fabric
FASHION DESIGNERS USING “KHADI”
IN THEIR COLLECTION
REVIVING KHADI IN INDIA (CORPORATE
To display Khadi's potential, KVIC
organized a fashion show in Mumbai
in 1989. Nearly 85 dazzling garments
created by Devika Bhojwani were
presented at the show. This was the
first step towards changing Khadi's
earlier image of being unfashionable.
•In 1990, the Delhi based designer, Ritu Kumar
presented her first Khadi collection, Tree of Life,
which helped put Khadi in the fashion circuit. With
increasing interest of the western world in use of
handloom and Khadi, many Indian designers
began to use Khadi for their designs.
• In September 2000, Vasundhara Raje, Minister
for Small Scale Industries, initiated a movement to
revive all the 7,000 KVIC shops in India and make
Khadi more fashionable and affordable. The KVIC
Board hired the services of leading fashion
designers to help create a new range and brand of
19.04 12.7 13.29 14.06
24 Gujarat* 47.5 48.82 50.6 53.18
25 Maharashtra ** 14.04 14.08 13.26 13.91
26 Andhra Pradesh 11.45 12.96 14.21 14.97
27 Karnataka 42.64 44.5 32.59 34.48
28 Goa 0.53 0 0 0
29 Lakshadweep 0 0 0 0
30 Kerala 46.47 48 66.39 70.44
31 Tamilnadu 88.44 97.4 102.04 108.77
32 Puducherry 0.84 0.47 0.47 0.49
0 0 0 0
Total 799.6 867.01 917.26 967.87
* including Daman & Diu
** including Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Note: The figures for 2012-13 are under compilation by KVIC.
"Malkha fabrics are woven by skilled
weaver families on handlooms in
Indian villages from cotton grown by
smallholder farmer families.
Malkha combines thousands of years
of Indian experience of cotton with
modern Indian engineering skills
The MALKHA process puts the intermediate
stage of cotton spinning back in the village,
making the entire textile chain from cotton to
cloth village-based. They handle the delicate
cotton fibers gently, avoiding the force and
violence of conventional processing, keeping the
springiness of the live fibers all the way into the
cloth. That’s what gives malkha fabric its swing &
drape. Malkha fabric is soft, it breathes, absorbs,
holds color, reflects its handmade heritage in its
SPECIALTIES OF MALKHA
Malkha is pure cotton cloth made directly from raw
cotton in the village close to cotton fields
Combines traditional Indian principles of cloth
making with modern small-scale technology.
Energy efficient - avoids baling and unbaling of
cotton by heavy machinery and unnecessary
Malkha has a beautiful texture, is soft, and keeps its
shape for ages.
The DCY* technology-decentralised cotton yarn
which exploits the natural buoyancy of cotton
AMBAR CHARKHA-E CHARKHA
The e-charkha developed by KVIC in association
with Flexitron, Bangalore enables a spinner, living
in the hinterland of the country, to spin yarn and
also generate enough power to light up her home
and listen to transistor. Such e-charkha is available
in all spindle-age i.e. single, 2 spindle and 8 spindle
AMBAR CHARKHA-E CHARKHA
Features of e – charkha
The e-charkha is provided with a generator.
Spinning on the 2 spindle e-charkha just for 2 hours
would give yarn of length 2.4 km (2.4 hanks) and a
light output / back up for 7.5 hours, which is
sufficient for one day use.
The generator can easily be connected to /
disconnected from charging simply by
flipping a switch to on / off mode.
Components of e – charkha
Spinning unit contain one / two / eight spindle
The lighting unit has the LED of 1 watt.
The transistor radio – normal AM/FM tuner.
Spinning of e-charkha for only two hours a day
would render the following benefits
Lighting of LED lamp and listening transistor
continuously for 7 ½ hours.
Spinning on 2 spindle e-charkha for 25 days in a
month will produce yarn sufficient for
a single bed-sheet, a bath towel and a shirt.
S.W.O.T ANALYSIS OF "KHADI"
Khadi has a very good drape and contains a great
Connects to freedom movement
Statement about your lifestyle and values/austere
Less awareness and preference to foreign brands
Lack of artisans
Lack of promotional activities
Lack of funds
Low wages for artisans
Only 4% of khadi is contributed in India’s annual
fabric production so it can be increased with few
New technologies –like DCY technology and
Preparation of Khadi is an expensive procedure
which kills the scope of its popularity.
What really works for Khadi is its texture.
Khadi works better generally in tunics and
simpler shapes because of its fall and
Khadi has breathability which works in its
Khadi’s unique thermal effect lends warmth
in winter and makes it a cool summer fabric.
Khadi is ecologically viable as it does not
use harmful chemicals
“KHADI-Fabric of freedom “ By AMR VASTRA KOSH
MATERIAL SCIENCE BY HAZRA CHAUDHARY
THE INDIAN TEXTILE JOURNAL
THE KVIC JOURNAL