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OSMOTIC POWERA new, renewable energy sourceStein Erik Skilhagen, Head of Osmotic PowerDecember 2009, IDS XI
TOPICS1.THE STATKRAFT                2.                OSMOTIC POWER                                3.                    ...
1No.              WITHIN RENEWABLES              IN EUROPE90%       RENEWABLE          ENERGY264       POWER AND DISTRICT ...
AS EUROPE’S LEADER IN         RENEWABLES, WE WILL         MEET THE WORLD’S NEED         FOR PURE ENERGYside 4
OSMOTIC POWER IS                        RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR                        THE NEXT GENERATION5   Company    pres...
TOPICS1.THE STATKRAFT                2.                OSMOTIC POWER                                3.                    ...
OSMOTIC ENERGY
OSMOSIS FOR POWER GENERATION
FROM SALT TO ELECTRICITY
OSMOTIC POWER PLANT
COMPETITIVENESS                                       Potential of 16 - 1700 TWh, of which 180 in Europe                  ...
TOPICS1.THE STATKRAFT                2.                OSMOTIC POWER                                3.                    ...
FROM A GREAT IDEA TO “BIRTH”                                       During the eighties.          Small scale             S...
COMMERCIAL EXPLORATION OF OP     Since the mixing energy density is low an     osmotic power plant will require a very    ...
OP COST REDUCTION FACTORS   Increase membrane                                         Membrane effect          element siz...
STATKRAFT FOCUS AREAS                                                     Membrane development    System verification and ...
R&D PARTNERS
FLAT SHEET OR HOLLOW FIBER?    Financial considerations       Area requirements(footprint)       Manufacturing costs  ...
OSMOTIC POWER PROTOTYPE “Proof of concept” System scale-up “Moving down the learning curve...” Membrane and component test...
OSMOTIC POWER PROTOTYPE    2-4 kW
Page 21 NOBEL___ 21        STOCKHOLM
Page 22 NOBEL___ 22        STOCKHOLM   22   Senterpartiet 271109        TEKNA 011209
TOFTE PROTOTYPE: A CATALYST                   Manufacturers                                                               ...
SALINITY COUNTS           The EU’s Renewable Energy Sources (RES)           Directive recognise salinity gradients as a   ...
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Osmotic power presentation ids xi december 2009 tcm9-7043

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Osmotic power presentation ids xi december 2009 tcm9-7043

  1. 1. OSMOTIC POWERA new, renewable energy sourceStein Erik Skilhagen, Head of Osmotic PowerDecember 2009, IDS XI
  2. 2. TOPICS1.THE STATKRAFT 2. OSMOTIC POWER 3. THE TECHNOLOGYGROUP DEVELOPMENT
  3. 3. 1No. WITHIN RENEWABLES IN EUROPE90% RENEWABLE ENERGY264 POWER AND DISTRICT HEATING PLANTS35% OF NORWAY’S POWER GENERATION3200 20 ...IN MORE THANEMPLOYEES.. COUNTRIES
  4. 4. AS EUROPE’S LEADER IN RENEWABLES, WE WILL MEET THE WORLD’S NEED FOR PURE ENERGYside 4
  5. 5. OSMOTIC POWER IS RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR THE NEXT GENERATION5 Company presentation 2009
  6. 6. TOPICS1.THE STATKRAFT 2. OSMOTIC POWER 3. THE TECHNOLOGYGROUP DEVELOPMENT
  7. 7. OSMOTIC ENERGY
  8. 8. OSMOSIS FOR POWER GENERATION
  9. 9. FROM SALT TO ELECTRICITY
  10. 10. OSMOTIC POWER PLANT
  11. 11. COMPETITIVENESS Potential of 16 - 1700 TWh, of which 180 in Europe 160 LCOE €/MWh1Forecast 115 2020 Osmotic Power 110 85 90 50-100 €/MWh 80 65 65 65 55 Nuclear Gas, Coal, PCC Hydro, Hydro, Biomass Wind, Wind, Solar, CSP CCGT Oil, CC dam running offshore onshore 1. Levelized cost of Energy 2. Source: EU Second Strategic Energy Review (2008), Moderate fuel price scenario; BCG
  12. 12. TOPICS1.THE STATKRAFT 2. OSMOTIC POWER 3. THE TECHNOLOGYGROUP DEVELOPMENT
  13. 13. FROM A GREAT IDEA TO “BIRTH” During the eighties. Small scale Sidney Loeb. Desalination more cost membrane Patented the effective due to better development in 2003. Test bench for PRO system. membranes and systems. laboratory. membrane modules. 1970 2010 Hand-wrapped 1996. Statkraft 2009. First Osmotic No membranes 2001. Pilot at Power plant put membrane started a project suitable for PRO, Sunndalsøra. into operation. 1964 with Sintef. and hardly for Followed by desalination. membrane search and testing.___
  14. 14. COMMERCIAL EXPLORATION OF OP Since the mixing energy density is low an osmotic power plant will require a very effective mixing process  High efficiency of the unit operations  Low flow losses in the plant  Minimum pre-treatment of ingoing fluids  Ideal FO membrane system High water flux Sufficient salt rejection Limited fouling Scalable for mass production To be fit in modules Reasonable cheap
  15. 15. OP COST REDUCTION FACTORS Increase membrane Membrane effect element size 1 W/m2  3 W/m2  5 W/m2216m2  1000m2  5000m2 Prototype W/m2 Pilot 5 Decreasing 4 Demo cost 3 2 1 Lab Prototype Pilot Full scale System efficiency System scale-up 40%  60%  80% Lab  Prototype  Pilot  DemoSource: Saltstrat & BCG team analysis
  16. 16. STATKRAFT FOCUS AREAS Membrane development System verification and testing Economy of scale & special system design Relation capitalEnvironmental impact (networking) studies
  17. 17. R&D PARTNERS
  18. 18. FLAT SHEET OR HOLLOW FIBER?  Financial considerations  Area requirements(footprint)  Manufacturing costs  Efficiency requirements  Flat sheet 5 W/m2  Hollow fiber 3 W/m2  Maintenance/cleaning  Operation  Pretreatment  Lifetime
  19. 19. OSMOTIC POWER PROTOTYPE “Proof of concept” System scale-up “Moving down the learning curve...” Membrane and component testing and optimisation Operation and maintenance experience Meeting place for manufactures and utilities
  20. 20. OSMOTIC POWER PROTOTYPE 2-4 kW
  21. 21. Page 21 NOBEL___ 21 STOCKHOLM
  22. 22. Page 22 NOBEL___ 22 STOCKHOLM 22 Senterpartiet 271109 TEKNA 011209
  23. 23. TOFTE PROTOTYPE: A CATALYST Manufacturers Governments• Manufacturers invited to test •Increase awareness of osmotic technology at Tofte power• Tofte to become a preferred •Use Tofte as a lobbying tool for location for technical OP financial support research •Relationship building• Tofte capabilities make –Invite representatives from sites Statkraft an attractive partner deemed attractive for pilot and for membrane & component demo plants manufacturers Utilities •Strengthen position of core •Create demand for osmotic business power –E.g. promote Statkrafts osmotic power capabilities as a means •Geographical reach to improve access for –Osmotic knowledge facilitates hydropower developments1 partnerships for developments in Statkrafts non-core geographies1. Statkraft have the ability to extract more power from the same water resource; new technology provides showcase for government innovation
  24. 24. SALINITY COUNTS The EU’s Renewable Energy Sources (RES) Directive recognise salinity gradients as a renewable source of energy along with other sources of ocean energy. This opens up for EU member states to include salinity in their national plans to reach the 2020 renewables target. Substantial global potentialPage 24
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